Diagnosis of a sore throat is mainly done by trained physicians. However, there are some few things you may want to understand about diagnosis before you avail yourself to the doctor.
Most tend to clear away after a short period of time; therefore, detailed diagnosis as to the most probable cause is not necessary. However, in some cases the infection may last for long periods thus necessitating medical intervention. Patients usually have the capacity of identifying the simple signs of this infection; but diagnosing the exact type of sore throat may be difficult and hence requires professional help. Some types if left unchecked can develop into serious illnesses.
For one to diagnose this infection he / she will first require a detailed medical history, and also physical examination. The physician will seek to examine whether the person may have come close to someone else who had the flu or a cold. If this is the case, then the patient may have contracted the infection by way of that close contact.
Coughing caused by it can be annoying, and sometimes crippling. To relieve this physicians usually treat the patient with a cough drop. The first commercial cough drops were prepared by a man called James Smith. James claimed that the cough drop could relieve hoarseness, coughs and sore throat.
A physical examination may give out further detail. The physician may discover bronchitis or any other upper respiratory tract infection; that may be the cause of throat infections. The doctor may also discover strep throat, which is different from a sore throat and may require its own unique treatment. A wide range of viral throat infections do not have medical cures, but bacterial infections are usually treated by penicillin. Penicillin can be prescribed either as a single injection or a series of pills. These pills are usually taken across a ten day period and how you are to take them depends on the doctor's advice. Some of the drugs that are usually recommended are aspirin, Motrin and Tylenol. These drugs reduce fever and pain that usually accompanies a sore throat. Other treatments for this infection may include: plenty of fluids and a healthy diet.
Severe sore throat requires a somewhat different mode of treatment as the cause of the may be unfamiliar. Most sore throats are usually caused by poor environmental conditions, especially areas with a lot of chemical fumes. In such situations, the patient may be advised to change locations.
In conclusion, a sore throat that has sporadic onset and comes with fever or tenderness of the front of the neck may be serious, and should be seen by a health care professional. Also, any infection that lasts for more than two weeks should be checked up by a qualified physician. Otherwise, most sore throats can be treated at home if you know how to go about it. Some of the commonly used plants and fruits used for treatment are garlic, raw mango and Aloe Vera.