Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic condition that arises when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body cannot use the insulin produced effectively. Without insulin, or when it cannot be used effectively, the body does not get the energy it needs from your food. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas, which helps the cells in the body absorb glucose contained in food This condition though chronic can be controlled allowing you to live a healthy lifestyle.
There are two basic forms of Diabetes . Type 1 requiring insulin for survival and Type 2 which requires insulin for metabolic control. Persons with Type 1 diabetes do not produce enough insulin and require a daily insulin injection for survival .Type 1 is more common in children adolescents and accounts for 10-15% of all diabetes . People with Type 2 diabetes produce insulin but the body is unable to use it effectively. These individuals may require oral hypoglycemic drugs to regulate an abnormally low concentration of glucose in the blood and may eventually need insulin injections.
Another type of diabetes is gestational diabetes which exists and develops in 2-5% of all pregnancies, but usually disappears when the pregnancy is over. However women who have had gestational diabetes are at a greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes at a later stage of their lives.
For all types of Diabetes , information on the condition, a controlled diet, physical exercise and looking after your medical needs are all key elements in the management of this condition. Hereunder list a four point plan to a healthy lifestyle.
1) A Balanced Diet- A balanced diet helps control your blood sugar levels and controls your weight. People with diabetes have the nutritional needs as anyone else. Consider adding a food supplement to your balance diet as it ensures that your body is nourished properly.
2) Physical Exercise-Exercise helps improves fitness, burns calories, reduces body fat and increases muscle tone. Exercise lowers blood sugar and, like insulin, it helps your body use it blood sugar efficiently.
3) Seek good medical advice and take control of your life – Insulin lowers blood sugar levels. Whether you require blood monitoring and multiple daily insulin injections or oral hypoglycemic drugs, get the right advice for your condition and help your body to help itself.
4) A Healthy Social life- A healthy social life, taking time out to relax with your friends and family is both vital in reducing our stress levels, thus reducing a possible factor to the development of diabetes
It is important to achieve the balance of the above plan. Too much or too little can mean that you are no longer in control of your condition. Achieving this balance is a lifetime commitment. Diabetes is a life long condition which requires careful control. Use the above information to lead an active healthy life.