Some of the major foot problems and treatments are:
The major foot problem is Heel Pain:
Heel pain in children generally occurs due to pain in the back or at the bottom, improper fitting of shoes, walking on toes etc. Heel pain in children is a symptom which is an indication that the child needs attention, but it’s quite different than the pain found in adults. Children experience pain generally because of their growing age which brings changes in the structure of their foot.
Plantar fasciitis is an inflammation of the band of tissue -fascia. It is mainly occurs in athletes or in cases where activities around the legs increases. It causes severe pain under the foot and sometimes it is so intense that it becomes unbearable. Major symptoms of plantar fasciitis are Pain on the bottom side of the heel, pain that is usually worse on arising, Pain that increases over a period of weeks, months. The major causes of it is the faulty foot structure, high arched foot, Wearing non-supportive footwear on hard and flat surface etc. However it is important to have heel pain diagnosed properly under expert advice.
Ingrown Toe Nails and Nail Fungus:
Ingrown toenails are curved downwards and usually grows in the skin. It happens because of some trauma, or improper trimming of nails. Nail fungus occurs when a virus enters the nail through a small cut or break. The common symptoms of nail fungus are thickening of the nail and discolored nails. Treatment of toenail fungus normally includes topical creams or oral medication. Sometimes a surgery may be required.
Ankle sprain is caused when one or more of the ligaments of the ankle is torn or partially torn. Ligaments are injured when some extra force or pressure is applied to it. Ankle sprains are can cause severe pain and swelling. Pain arises because of inflammation of tissues. Treatment of ankle sprains depends on which ligaments are involved and the level of injury. A podiatrist examines your foot and then he may prescribe some medication or some foot care procedures.
Avoid walking barefoot: It is recommended that a person suffering from heel pain should not walk barefoot on flat and hard surface.
Limit activities: One should stop doing activities that put pressure on feet and causes pain
Icing: One can put an ice pack near the area where it pains severely. This helps in reducing inflammation especially in case of sprains.
Exercise: Exercise that helps stretch the muscles may help patients in recovery.
Medications: An anti inflammatory medicine like Ibuprofen which is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug is recommended to reduce pain.
Surgery: If there is a serious problem with foot and the pain is unavoidable it is important to consult the foot doctor. The type of treatment depends on the injury. It may include some combination of procedures or just medication. The aim of surgery is to completely remove the root cause of the problem.
In order to prevent these problems from happening in the future Continuous care and examination of the foot is required. For example, wearing supportive shoes and maintaining ideal weight so as to reduce pressure on the foot is generally suggested to all patients.