A disorder of the trigeminal nerve that causes episodes of intense pain in the eyes, lips, nose, scalp, forehead, and jaw is called as Trigeminal neuralgia (TN).
This disease is a most pain giving disease. It was once called "suicide disease" because significant numbers of people took their own lives before effective treatments were discovered.
Its occurrence is 1 among every 15000 persons. It generally attacks after age of 40, but it can affect at smaller ages also. Pain of this disease often falsely attributed to a pathology of dental origin.
Symptoms: One after another episodes of pain occur suddenly. Patient may not able to describe this pain correctly. Patients pain sensation area on the face may be so sensitive that touching or even air currents can trigger an episode of pain. It generally affects lifestyle of patient as it can be triggered by common activities in his / her daily life, such as tooth brushing. Patient may get attack by breezes, whether cold or warm, wintery weather or even light touching such as a kiss. The attacks give feeling like strong electric shocks or shooting pain that becomes unsustainable.
Cure: There was no cure for this disease in past days, but now some meditations and so-called complementary or alternative therapies work well. Many people find relief from medication, or sometimes from one of the many so-called "complementary or alternative" therapies. A typical type of this disease, which is more painful than normal one, is more difficult to treat by both medications and surgery. Also surgery may result in more complications for some patients, but many of them do find dramatic relief with minimal side effects from the various surgeries that are now available.