Congestive heart disease is a condition wherein the heart fails to pump enough blood to supply for the other body organs. This heart condition may be a result from different activities that might have happened in the heart. This can happen due to narrowed arteries which supply blood and oxygen to the heart muscles. This may also be because of past heart attacks and high blood pressure. Another reason can be due to heart valve diseases caused by past rheumatic fever or primary disease of the heart muscle.
The heart failing might also be because of heart defects that had been present since birth or it may be because the heart valves or the hear muscles have been infected. During this illness, the failing heart is still working but not as efficient as it did before. The process involved in heart failing is because of the flowing of blood from the heart becomes slow and the blood transported to the heart through the veins backs up resulting to tissue congestion.
Who might be at risk of having congestive heart disease? Almost five million people in the United States are suffering from this condition in the heart and most of them are older people or adults. And the number of people with this illness is expected to continue rising as years go by because people are becoming busier. Nowadays, people have the capacity to live longer making them more prone to this heart disease. They've been surviving heart attacks and other medical conditions that increase the risk of congestive heart disease.
How is congestive heart disease diagnosed and treated? This failing heart condition needs a treatment program. This requires enough rest, proper diet and modified daily physical activities. Taking medications can also help and some of the safe drugs that can be taken are ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme) inhibitors, vasodilators, digitalis, beta blockers and diuretics. Most people experience mild and moderate congestive heart diseases and these can still be treated. And those people who are currently in this condition need proper medical supervision to prevent them from getting worse.
Congestive heart disease symptoms begin to occur when the heart can not pump the amount of blood that the rest of body need. At the beginning of this heart condition, the person somehow easily gets tired, shortness of breath, palpitations, weakness and dizziness. As this sickness gets worse, some parts of the body will start building up some fluids. During this time, the person can experience shortness of breath even when he is resting. Edema can also occur especially on the legs, feet and ankles.
Gaining weight, coughing when lying down, urinating more during the night and feeling bloated are also some symptoms that must be watched over. Once a specific cause of congestive heart disease start to occur, it must be treated, prevented or corrected to avoid the illness from getting worse. But if the heart is also damaged that any remedy can not work for it, an option of having a heart transplant can be the only way.