Complex Ovarian Cysts – 3 Common Types

A complex ovarian cyst can be quite a painful and annoying medical problem and affects millions of women around the world. Although many women go undiagnosed with this problem, many women also seek treatment due to the suffering that they go through.

An ovarian cyst is a fluid filled sac that is most often attached to one of a woman’s ovaries. The cyst is created because every month when a woman menstruates, a small sac called a follicle naturally forms. This sac releases estrogen and other hormones which signal the boy to release a mature egg from the ovary to be impregnated. Then the follicle naturally dissolves and eliminates itself from the body as you are menstruating.

In women that have problems with cysts though, the follicle doesn’t leave the body, and continues to grow attached to the ovary.

There are two types of functional ovarian cysts. The first is a follicular cyst, and the second is called a complex ovarian cyst. 

A complex ovarian cyst occurs much less frequently, but is unfortunately much more dangerous than the follicular cyst because they have both solid and liquid within them. There are three types of complex cysts. They are:

1. Endometrioma- Endometrioma typically only occurs in women who suffer from endometriosis, where the lining of the uterine cells growing outside of the uterus.  This allows uterine tissue to often attach itself to the ovaries, causing a cyst.

2. Dermoid Cysts- Dermoid cysts on the other hand, come from the cells that create the eggs which are called Ova. Dermoid cysts have the ability to become any kind of human tissue, and sometimes can include teeth, hair, and skin. These cysts can be quite painful and become larger than regular cysts.

3. Cystadenomas- Cystadenomas develop from ovarian tissue and can be the most painful, as they can grow to be up to a foot long and are filled with a watery mucus type substance.

Complex Ovarian cysts are typically the most painful and troublesome cysts. It is very important to consult with a physician and to be under constant care if you are someone who suffers with a complex ovarian cyst.