Most women are aware of the standard fluid filled ovarian cyst and a complex cyst is one that has both fluid and solid matter within it. This makes them slightly more dangerous, especially if they rupture. Despite this you may never even know you have any type of ovarian cyst.
Risk Factors for Developing a Complex Cyst
There are certain risk factors to consider;
- History; A prior history of ovarian cysts is an indicator that you may have developed an overly large or complex cyst.
- Irregular Periods; If you have irregular periods this can also be an indicator or predisposing factor in the development of ovarian cysts.
- Puberty; The age at which you started menstruating also is a risk factor. It is thought that girls who started their period before age 11 are much more likely to have problems with cysts in the future.
- Obesity is another risk factor. This is particularly true if you have a lot of upper body fat. However by losing weight your chances of developing ovarian cysts decrease.
- Hormones; Because one of the causes of ovarian cysts is your hormone level, if you have thyroid or other endocrine system illnessness you are more likely to develop cysts.
- Cancer treatment; Unfortunately if you are receiving treatment for breast cancer, one of the drugs that you are likely to be treated with – Tamoxifen – increases the likelihood that you will develop ovarian cysts.
- Genetics; If you have close family members that are prone to cysts on the ovaries then unfortunately this increases your chances of developing them too.
How Do You Find A Complex Cyst?
If any of the above apply to you then it is important to make sure that you get regular exams. Most cysts are discovered during routine exams. Although a cyst is relatively harmless, by constantly monitoring it you can prevent any further harm.
How is a Complex Cyst Treated?
When looking at treatment options for your complex cyst your doctor will take many things into account
If after an exam, your doctor believes you may have a complex cyst, there are several steps they will take to be sure;
– An endovaginal ultrsound will determine the type of cyst that you have.
– A CT scan or MRI may be also be ordered.
– A CA 125 blood test is also a common request. This particular blood test is to detect cancer antigens and will quickly rule out ovarian cancer.
From there your treatment options vary from surgery for those cysts that are deemed to be high risk, to prescriptions for the birth control pill, to natural therapies.