Bright’s disease, or nephritis, an inflammation of the filtering units in the kidneys. It is typically denoted by the presence of serum albumin in the urine, and frequently accompanied by edema. Lack of understabreinding of kidney function naturally meant that several different conditions could be considered Bright’s Disease. These include inflammation of the kidney, commonly called nephritis. Inflammation may be the result of too much protein being shed through the kidneys, called proteinuria, or hematuria, which causes blood in the urine. As well, Bright’s Disease might describe kidney failure due to high blood pressure or retention of fluids.
The symptoms are generally of a severe nature. Back pain, vomiting and fever commonly signal an attack. Edema, varying in degree from slight puffiness of the face to an accumulation of fluid sufficient to distend the whole body, and sometimes severely restrict breathing, is a very common ailment. The urine is reduced in quantity, is of dark, smoky or bloody color, and exhibits to chemical reaction the presence of a large amount of albumin, while, under the microscope, blood corpuscles and casts, as above mentioned, are found in abundance. Acute Bright’s disease was treated with local depletion, warm baths, diuretics, and laxatives.
Some types of kidney inflammation might be treated if they were not indicative of progressive kidney illness. Some people suffered attacks that could respond to early diuretics or laxatives. The urine will appear dark and smoky or bloody colored and will test positive for a large amount of albumen. If left untreated, the severe cases of this condition can be rather dangerous, and potentially fatal. There was no successful treatment for chronic Bright’s disease. Current treatments for kidney failure of various types, like kidney transplant or dialysis, can significantly lengthen the lives of those who would once have been diagnosed with Bright’s Disease.