When an individual gets into a car accident or suffers substantial trauma to the face, there are a number of different groups of bones that may be affected by the resulting forces. As each major area of the face holds a specific structure and function, the injuries may create a range of different consequences which may directly change a person’s ability to perform particular actions.
The bones surrounding the eye are commonly known as a person’s orbit. These bones surround and protect the socket, providing a barrier from severe blows to the face. When these bones suffer significant trauma, such as being struck with a ball or due to a violent blow, the resulting fracture is known as a blowout fracture. Often, tissue inside the socket is pushed upward or downward into the nearby sinuses due to the extreme forces of the blow. An immediate result, assuming the eye is still intact, is a case of double vision.
When a person falls on the lower half of their face or is delivered trauma to that area in an accident, that individual may suffer what is known as a mandibular fracture. The jaw, occasionally also called the mandible, connects to the rest of the skull near the ends of the bone. As a result, force may break these connectors or dislocate the jaw from its socket. If a force is strong enough, the bone may be shattered. Any of these damages can impair speech and the ability to regularly eat.
A nasal fracture, or broken nose, is among the most common facial fractures. Either breaking bone or cartilage, these injuries may cause displacement of the nose as well as blood loss, which depends in severity with the intensity of the trauma and whether mucus tissue was damaged.
To learn more about these serious injuries, contact a personal injury attorney.