Cold sores (Fever Blisters) is a skin disease that affects the lips. It is caused by Herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1). Once the virus infects a person, the skin becomes inflamed. The clusters appear red in color and are quiet painful. Besides, they are not very interesting to look at. They bring a lot of embarrassment.
Cold sores (Fever Blisters) are highly infectious! They are spread easily via skin contact, sneezing and even sharing of personal items. Toothbrushes, towels and napkins are top on the list. These clusters burst open during stressful periods. A clear fluid oozes out. A crust then forms. They then disappear for a while. The disease may be around for 7 to 10 days.
Though common, the effects of the infection are observed in 20% to 40% of people. The virus usually remains inactive in most people. Cold sores (Fever Blisters) normally develop due to stress or sunlight. The infected patient may experience fever, swollen lymph glands, pain in the throat among other symptoms. When children are infected, they may have a drool prior to the surfacing of the painful clusters.
The disease can be diagnosed, treated and prevented easily. On a general note, the disease disappears on its own. However, during the initial stages and severe forms of the disease, pay your doctor a visit. There are various antiviral drugs available for treatment. Some include acyclovir, famciclovir among others. They are available as ointments and creams. The medicines prevent the spreading and pain associated with the disease. Sadly, the virus remains in an infected body for life. The disease may therefore occur frequently.