A coal miner profession is still among the most dangerous ones in the world. It does not matter in which country and under which conditions these miners work. The matter is that in all countries, coal miners have the same professional diseases and injuries that can make them disabled for life. The most common diseases for coal miners affect their lungs. All of us have seen coal miners in news reports and movies. Coal dust covers these people; that is inevitable in mines. They can wash it away from their skin, but not from their lungs. Getting through respiratory masks, this dust gets to their lungs and collections there for years. The first time, lungs and bronchi try to withdraw this dust through coughing, but it is only for the first time. In ten to twenty years, the lungs of miners get clogged even worse than the lungs of tobacco smokers. All this influences the way their blood can get enriched with oxygen in the lungs. At first, this reduces durability, then, these processes start to affect the heart. Our heart experiences a great load trying to supply enough oxygen for all our organs. Working to the limit of its possessions and having too little oxygen in the blood, too, our heart sufferers just like from a heart attack. That is why the lung issues of miners gradually lead to heart problems.
Traumas and Injuries
Problems with bones and muscles injuries take second place among the most common diseases of coal miners. In hot mines, the muscles of miners often catch cold during short breaks. That is why such diseases as radiculitis, traumatic myositis (inflammation of skeletal muscles), bursitis (inflammation of joints) are usual and common for miners as a runny nose is for other people. The main problem with these diseases is the fact that miners rarely cure them totally. As soon as symptoms get weaker, people return to the mines. Another disaster that can affect miners is the vibrational disease. The most common reason of it is working with such appliances as pick hammers and others of the same kind. By the way, these devices are a cause of another professional disease: loss of hearing.
Wounds and traumas that workers can receive at mines are another matter. Their number mainly depends on the way safety measures are observed in a mine and how much miners are committed to them. Still, these traumas make a large part of personal injury claims: each coal miner (just like any other employee) has all rights to file such a claim and receive compensation for being injured in the workplace.