Rosacea (say "roh-ZAY-sha") is a skin disease that causes redness and pimples. People sometimes call rosacea "adult acne" because it can cause outbreaks that look like mild acne or bad acne. It can be found on your chest, nose, cheeks, chin, and forehead. The acne redness may come and go and will usually be associated with burning and soreness in the eyes and eyelids.
Chest acne and other forms of rosacea have several causes. It tends to affect people who have fair skin or blush easily. It has also been found to run in families. People thought that Rosacea was caused by alcohol abuse, but that does not appear to be the case. People that suffer from rosacea find that drinking alcohol seems to increase the symptoms to flare up or even get worse.
Some common triggers are exercise, sun and wind exposure, hot weather, stress, spicy foods, alcohol, and hot baths. Swings in temperature from hot to cold or cold to hot can also cause a flare-up of rosacea.
Symptoms for people with rosacea are flushed face and pimples or bumps on or around the chest, cheeks, nose, mouth, and forehead. Sometimes the flushing or redness can last for days and can take on the appearance of mild acne or even bad acne.
Without treatment, some cases of rosacea can cause knobby bumps on the chest, nose and cheeks that can multiply. This is advanced rosacea, known as rhinophyma (say "ry-no-FY-muh"). Over time, it can give the nose a swollen, waxy look. But most cases of rosacea do not progress this far.
There are some things you can do to reduce symptoms and keep rosacea from getting worse.
Find your triggers. One of the most important things is to learn what triggers your flare-ups, and then avoid them. It can help to keep a diary of what you were eating, drinking, and doing on days that the rosacea appeared. Take the diary to your next doctor visit, and discuss what you can do to help control the disease.