One of the most dreaded diseases by parents in the UK and most other parts of the world: Source of terror to most families in these parts of the world. The dread attached to this disease is because of the nature of the disease. Cerebrospinal meningitis is the inflammation of the lining of the brain and spinal cord as implied by the name and leads to various diseases. It is usually accompanied by a blood poisoning situation known as septicemia. These could be very disastrous but the good news is people do not recover from it depending on the approach. It sometimes leads to deafness or blindness because it develops rapidly and its symptoms are quite difficult to distinguish from less serious infections. To make things brief let us go over to the Symptoms.
Before I go on to mention the symptoms I would want you to understand that the symptoms of meningitis different according to individual differences and so all these may not be noticed and in any which it may seem presented.
This disease most associated with infants present these symptoms; Refusal to feed, vomiting, fever, moaning cry, Pale skin, rapid breathing and so on. Severe headache, fever, aversion to bright light is more symptoms presented in some adults and in sever cases cases unconsciousness.
Blood poisoning operations meningitis. It comes with a rash (reddish) which later changes to blotchy purplish red, cold hands and feet. Muscle ache and stomach pains are some more.
Meningitis is an acute disease therefore any signs of this should be reported to the emergency department of a health care facility nearest to you as this disease takes few hours to become serious illness to sometimes coma. Please note that rashes are late signs therefore do not wait for the signs of rash if other symptoms are identified and you are convinced before seeking medical attention.
Causes of Meningitis
There are two main forms of this disease. Bacterial and viral meningitis. Viral meningitis is most common but less severe and stems from drowsiness to headache; rarely lead to coma. Bacterial meningitis is not so common but more severe and leads to coma. There are three main causes of bacterial meningitis and they include meningococcal group C, homophiles influenza type B (HIB) and pneumococcus (streptococcus pneumociae)
Bacteria which cause bacterial meningitis are generally harmless and found naturally on the human body, in the nose and throat regions mainly in adolescents and adults. It can pass on from one individual to another only through coughing, sneezing, kissing and prolonged contact.
Vaccinations have been introduced to battle the infection through injection of inactivate form of the existing meningitis into the blood stream which activates antibodies to fight against the disease.
I am going to crown it all with the good news which is' although bacterial meningitis is naturally found in our bodies and transmitted easily only a few cases of this ever over power the body's immune system to be able to cause meningitis or septicemia.
Seek medical advice from a medical practitioner closest to you.