Almost every one of us had suffered from joint and muscle pains due to some reason. Joint and muscle pains cause a lot of discomfort. The pain is the symptom of the disease or conditions causing it. You can experience dull or very severe pain, for short or longer time at one place or at the whole body depending upon the disease or injury causing it. It is very important to know the underlying cause in order to treat the joint and muscle pains.
The two bones meet at a point or area known as joint. In joint pain, you can feel sensation of stiffness, tenderness, soreness, swelling, inflammation and great discomfort. Joint pain can affect more than one joint of your body at the same time.
There are many causes of joint pains making you restless and bothersome. Joint pain is not the disease itself but the symptom of mild to serious disease. Fever can be the cause of generalized joint pains. It can be caused due to sprain or ligament injury, cartilage tearing, dislocations and sports injuries such as tennis elbow and swimmers shoulder in the case of injuries with swelling and redness around the injured part.
Sometimes, it can be accompanying symptom in terminal conditions like blood cancer, carcinoma of bone and rheumatoid arthritis. Severe and sudden joint pain can be experienced in joint dislocations like shoulder dislocation. In conditions like rheumatoid arthritis, and osteoarthritis, the pain can be ongoing for a long period of time. Osteoarthritis is very common type that can cause joint pains and can leave you with deformation if not treated properly.
Certain infectious disease can be present with joint pains. These include septic arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), Lyme’s disease, hepatitis, mumps and chicken pox. In SLE, inflammation with nodules and soreness can be present which must be treated early or else can left you with more complications. There can be many other causes but the most important thing is the early diagnosis and treatment of the joint pain or underlying condition. You should consult your doctor. He can ask your symptoms, medical history with physical examination. You have to undergo certain pathological and imaging tests such as blood test, RA factor test, urine test, X-ray, bone density test, CT scan and MRI to assess the disease.
Similarly, muscle pains are very common and can involve any one. Muscle pain can be caused by overuse of the muscles in cases like over exercise or stretching, by injury to muscle due to any physical challenged work or any tension in muscles. The conditions or disease can affect your single or group of muscles. Muscle pains due to exercise starts immediately after over work and can be dealt by doing some rest.
Sometimes whole muscle of the body can be affected by conditions like flu or systemic lupus erythmatosus affecting the connective tissues of the body. Fibromyalgia is a very common condition and causes pain in soft tissues and muscles even on touch, fatigue and sleeping disorders with heaviness in head. Other causes of muscle pain include injury to muscle, thyroid disease, arthritis, polymyositis (cramps in muscles), muscle metabolism disorders, diabetes, circulatory disorders, septic conditions and many other underlying conditions.
If your muscle pain stays for more than 4 day with swelling around the painful muscles or any rash then you need to take medical care. Joint and muscles pains should not be overlooked and taken care as early as possible.