A colon polyp is a mass of cells present in the lining of the colon that is the large intestine. Even though they can be harmless to begin with, with the passage of time they turn out to become cancerous. The risk of obtaining it can be at any age; however people who have crossed fifty years of age have a higher risk.
The chances increase to a great extent if the person is obese, has been a smoker and consumed a diet that was high in fat and low in fiber. The fact that colon polyps may not cause any symptoms in the person, can be troublesome, as one may not get to know if conditions become worse and cancer starts developing. Neither would treatment be provided at the right time.
This is why, doctors recommend regular screening so that colon polyps can be detected in the early stages and the required action can be taken on time. However, in extreme cases, some people may experience symptoms like blood in the stool, constipation and diarrhea which lasts for more than one week.
The size of polyps may vary from person to person in their size and appearance. The small ones are not very hazardous; however in case they are starting large such as more than one centimeter become dangerous. The causes that are considered responsible for the sunset of colon polyps are the following:
A lot of research has suggested that being overweight is one of the main causes of colon polyps. Moreover, alcohol consumption or having a diet that is high in fat meats can boost up the risk.
According to a study, men who consumed beef, lamb or pork more than four times in one week were three times likely to develop polyps. Studies further indicate that people who consumed more than twenty cigarettes per day at a 250% more risk of acquiring this disease as compared to non-smokers.
Some of the causes of colon polyp can not be controlled, unlike an unhealthy diet or smoking behavior which can be changed. These include the age factor and genetics. An individual who has a family member with colon polyp or cancer will be at a far greater risk of developing polyps. Also if it has taken place once, polyps can take place again in the future.