Cardiovascular disease, along with various cancers rank among the first death factors in the modern world. Cardiovascular system problems from year to year affect a growing number of young people. In order to prevent a terrible trend you are given information about the main types of diseases. Treatment of cardiovascular diseases is mainly to take preventive measures; otherwise it will go under the surgeon’s scalpel, as very few diseases treated by medical methods.
Ischemia. Coronary heart disease is a seal or vasoconstriction of the arteries delivers oxygen to the heart. The overwhelming reason for the restriction of blood vessels is atherosclerosis – the gradual process of accumulation of cholesterol on artery walls. Causes of coronary heart disease may also be metabolic, inflammatory and allergic processes and other types of vascular pathology. Therefore, in order to reduce the risk of developing coronary disease should first develop proper diet habit.
Treatment of cardiovascular disease Arrhythmia. Irregular heartbeat – random or acceleration (tachycardia – more than 120 beats) heart rate. Arrhythmia can be caused by heart disease (the cardinal reasons), the influence of drugs, smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, stress and sedentary lifestyles. To prevent the development of arrhythmias you should go ahead a healthy lifestyle, eating more healthy foods and exercise, which normalize the natural rhythm of the heartbeat – morning exercise and fresh air.
Heart failure – a complex disorder in which the heart pumps blood less than it should. Most likely to occur when fatigue and overload of the heart, or for violation of its blood supply. To avoid the development of cardiovascular disease need to be able to fully rest and recover.
Heart defects (congenital or acquired) a structural change in the ventricle, atrium, valve or the main vessels of the heart, blood circulation in the body or the heart. Causes of congenital heart disease (occurring before birth) person is not fully understood, but much can be caused by viral diseases, overweight, drug use, alcohol by the mother during pregnancy. Acquired heart often develops as a result of diseases – rheumatic fever, sepsis, atherosclerosis, syphilis. Unfortunately heart disease is one of those for cardiovascular disease for which there is not one hundred percent of preventive measures which reduce the likelihood of disease. Treatment of heart disease as congenital or acquired, in most cases is only possible during surgery.
For more rare cardiovascular diseases include cardiomyopathy (disease of the heart muscle) and pericarditis (inflammation of the tissues surrounding the heart). A cause of cardiomyopathy associated with genetic diseases, but for sure is not known. Pericarditis can cause infections (viruses, bacteria, rickettsia, fungi, protozoa), rheumatism, joint diseases, autoimmune diseases, myocardial infarction, renal failure, radiation, cancer, parasites.