Cardiac Heart Diseases

Heart disease or cardiopathy is a general term that is used to describe a multitude of disease that have to do with the heart. Cardiac heart diseases are the leading cause of many countries including the United States, Canada, and England.

There are many types of cardiac heart diseases.

• Coronary Heart Disease

The coronary heart disease happens when there is a failure of the coronary circulation in supplying enough blood circulation to the cardiac muscle and the surrounding tissue. The coronary artery disease takes place when the arteries have a build up of plaques within their walls, particularly the arteries that supply the myocardium.

The coronary heart disease can be associated with the coronary artery disease, but coronary heart disease can also be caused by other factors besides the build up of plaque, such as coronary vasospasm.

Some symptoms of these types of cardiac heart diseases would be chest pain or Angina pectoris and also heart attack or myocardial infarction.

• Cardiomyopathy

Cardiomyopathy which literally means “heart muscle disease.” It takes place when there is a deterioration of the function of the actual heart muscle or the myocardium. Individuals who have cardiomyopathy are at high rish of sudden cardiac death or arrhythmia.

– There are Extrinsic cardiomyopathies, where the primary pathology is inside the myocardium. Most of these types of cardiac heart diseases are extrinsic.

These are the different types of Extrinsic cardiomyopathies:

• Alcoholic Cardiomyopathy

• Congenital heart disease

• Coronary artery disease

• Ischemic Cardiomyopathy

• Cardiomyopathy secondary to a systemic metabolic disease

• Nutritional diseases affecting the heart

• Valvular Cardiomyopathy

• Hypertensive cardiomyopathy

• Inflammatory Cardiomyopathy

• Myocardiodystrophy

– There are also Intrinsic cardiomyopathies. These take place when the muscles of the heart grow weak and it is not because of an identifiable external cause.

These are the different types of Intrinsic cardiomyopathies:

• Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

• Restrictive cardiomyopathy

• Dilated cardiomyopathy

• Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy

• Noncompaction cardiomyopathy

• Cardiovascular Disease

Cardiovascular disease is an umbrella term for a variety of disease that affect the heart and the blood vessel system, particularly the arteries and veins that lead to and from the heart. The known causes of cardiovascular disease are mellitus, hypertension, diabetes, hypercholesterolemia, and hyperhomocysteinemia.

• Heart Failure

Congestive heart failure, congestive cardiac failure, or commonly known as heart failure, is a condition that is caused by any functional or structural cardiac disorder that harms the ability of the heart to pump sufficient amounts of blood throughout the body.

• Ischemic Heart disease

The Ischemic Heart disease is one of the cardiac heart diseases that takes place in the heart itself. It is described as a lack of efficient blood supply to the organs.

• Hypertensive heart disease

This type of heart disease is triggered by high blood pressure. The conditions that are triggered by hypertensive heart disease are: left ventricular hypertrophy, congestive heart failure, cardiac arrhythmias, coronary heart disease, and hypertensive cardiomyopathy.

• Inflammatory heart disease

Inflammatory heart disease takes place when the heart muscles become inflamed. This may also include the surrounding tissue.

These are the different types of inflammatory heart disease:

• Endocarditis

• Inflammatory cardiomegaly

• Myocarditis

• Valvular heart disease

The valvular heart disease is a form that takes place in one of more of the heart valves. The heart has four major valves which can be affected, such as the tricuspid and aortic valves at the right side of the heart, and the mitral and aortic valves in the left side of the heart.

Knowing about the different cardiac heart diseases is the first step when it comes to preventing and/or curing them. It is best to have a healthy lifestyle with proper diet and exercise to combat these life-threatening conditions.