Pneumonia in dogs and puppies is a very serious condition and is often caused by …
- A Virus
- Bacterial infection
- Fungal infections
The illness is actually more common in certain breeds of dog including Hounds, mixed breeds, working dogs and sporting dogs. It can affect puppies and dogs at all ages especially from the early months right up until old age – 15 years of age plus.
The symptoms of canine pneumonia are …
- Discharge from the nose
- Your dog may cough – producing a mucus substance.
- You may notice that your dog or puppy has difficulty when breathing
- Your dog's temperature may have increased due to a fever.
- Your dog or puppy may be dehydrated (make sure there is always fresh water in his bowl).
- You may notice that your dog has lost his appetite
- Your dog or puppy may appear tired and lethargic around the House.
- The lips, tongue and gums may also appear bluish and even grey in color due to a lack of oxygen. This is called Cyanosis which basically means that there is a lack of oxygen in your dog's blood.
- Your dog may have too much fluid in his lungs which will mean that his breathing is noisy and he may take shallow breaths.
- Your dog's lips may also protrude and bulge outwards when he breaths.
- Your dog or puppy may also pant more than normal.
If you are worried that your dog or puppy has any of these symptoms then you should take him to the vet straight away. Your vet will diagnose pneumonia by performing a physical examination but paying special attention to the heart and lungs. The vet will perform an x-ray of the lungs (chest x-ray), listen to the breathing, look at your dog's medical history, he or she may check your dog's blood count, under take a tracheal wash cytology and the vet may do a heart worm test and bronchoscopy but this depends on the vet and the symptoms that your dog or puppy is exhibiting.
Treatment for The canine pneumonia may Involve your dog Having to go The into a hospital but this depends on how serious the symptoms are On . If your dog has to go into hospital then he will probably have to have oxygen, intravenous fluids and antibiotics. Dogs and puppies that have this illness will normally be on antibiotics for about three weeks and will need warmth, lots of fluids, possibly humidified oxygen and even percussion of the thorax but again this depends on the symptoms your dog or puppy is showing.