Candidiasis- Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
Candidiasis ,commonly known as a yeast infection, is a common fungal infection that appears when there is a growth of the ubiquitous fungus called Candida .Studies shows that there are more then twenty species of Candida,Out of which Candida albicans are so common that they can be found throughout the world as normal body flora.
It is also prove that when the infection appears in the mouth, it is known as thrush. If an baby has this infection, there is a possibility that the baby also has a yeast infection in the diaper area.
These fungus are exist on all surfaces of our bodies in small amounts. Under certain conditions,such as when the abnormal acidity of the vagina or when hormonal imbalance , Candida can take growth in numbers & multiply it self & cause infections, specifically in warm and moist regions. Vaginal yeast infections, thrush , skin and diaper rash , and nailbed infections are some of the examples of such infection.
This organisms are always exist in all people,. The Candida albicans organism is found in the vaginas of almost all women and generally causes no harm. But when there is imbalance with the other normal flora,It results to yeast infection. Some antibiotics , and diabetes mellitus can cause an increased incidence in yeast infections.
Candidiasis simulates number of organ systems in the body.They generally exist in warm moist body region such as underarms of the body exposed to the environment is susceptible to infection.
Generally skin effectively stops yeast, but any injuries or cuts in the skin may permit this organism to penetrate.They affected the infants in the areas include the mouth and diaper areas.
There are some common illustrative’s of this are vaginitis:
- Vulvar rash.
- Oral thrush.
- Diaper rash.
- Infections of the nail.
- Rectum symptoms.
Almost all women’s have experience the genital itching or burning in some part of there life. Males with genital candidiasis may feel an itchy rash on the penis.
If it occurs in the mouth as a thrush then the tongue becomes white & white patches on the cheeks or throat & these white injury do not scrape off easily.If it occurs in the diaper area then very red lesions may be raised.
There are some of its symptom given below are:
- Severe itching.
- Irritation of the vagina.
- Whitish-gray discharge.
Candidiasis is successfully cured either with home remedies or, in the case of a more severe infection, with either over-the-counter substances or recommended anti fungal treatments .An anti-fungal diaper cream can be used in the diaper areas.
Home treatments for candidiasis are the inhalation or direct application of yogurt , which retains lactobacillus , acidophilus capsules or salves, and even small crushed cloves of garlic , which yield allicin , an anti fungal.
One of the home remedy include is boric acid which act as a treatment to cure yeast infections when gelcaps are filled with boric acid powder and two are inserted at bedtime for 3 to 4 nights.
Candidiasis can be treated if it is occur in the mouth as a thrush then use anti-fungal remedy that is applied on the injury in the mouth .In case of oral candidiasis use the systemic anti fungal such as ketoconazole and fluconazole has proved effective and may have advantages over topical agents for patients experiencing mucositis.
Amphotericin B, fluconazole, ketoconazole, and nystatin are some commonly used drugs to treat candidiasis.