Pneumonia is a severe infection of the lungs which is characterized by shortness of breath, high fever and chest pain. This condition can be caused by bacteria, viruses or aspiration. Depending on the cause, the treatment will vary. If the condition can not be treated effectively by medicines, antibiotics or rest, hospitalization may be recommended. If a person faces difficulty while breathing, doing breathing exercises can assist in treating the symptoms of pneumonia.
The exercise of deep breaths moves air in to the tiniest sacs in the lungs, which are known as alveoli. It is here that the exchange of oxygen for carbon dioxide is done. This improved transfer induces better oxygenation to lungs and other body tissues. Good oxygenation promotes better health of the tissues which in turn assists the cells in the body to fight the germs causing pneumonia. The exercise will also assist in controlling of correct breathing pattern thus promoting maintenance of calm state of mind even if the individual is facing stress or illness.
Certain exercises involve inhalation technique which will work towards strengthening the muscles of the chest and avert collapse of alveoli which otherwise worsen the symptoms related to pneumonia. The doctor may also advice the usage of spirometry. This is an apparatus which will show the patient the volume of breaths taken. The person takes deep breaths using a tube. This will be attached to the devise which will display the depth of each inhalation taken. He / she can stand or sit in order to practice deep breathing with the elbows rolled back. The person should inhale slowly, hold the breath for almost five seconds and then exhale slowly.
Sufferers of pneumonia can also try assisted cough to get relief from pneumonia symptoms. They should place their hands on their upper abdomen or chest for extra support, press them, take a long and deep breath and then cough. This action will force the air out of the lungs and take the phlegm or mucus out of the airways, thus clearing the congestion.
The breathing exercise is recommended as a routine alongside medications. Some doctors recommend deep breathing after prolonged bed rest or after a surgical procedure in order to avert pneumonia that many hospital patients are susceptible to. The person should not stifle their cough, which actually assists in removing mucus from the air passages. If an individual suffers extreme and sudden pain of the chest while breathing, the doctor should be consulted without delay for treating the condition and avoiding development of pneumonia.