Bowel Obstruction Signs, Symptoms, and Treatment Options

Obstructions in the bowel are blockages in the intestine. They have been said to prevent gas, solids and fluids from going through the normal process in the digestive tract. The obstructions can be a result of different factors, including surgery issues, hernias, cancer, twisting of the intestine, or diverticulitis.

There are different symptoms of this ailment, including cramping abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting, inability to pass gas or a bowel movement, and bloating. If there is suspicion of a bowel obstruction in the body, a physician should be consulted for evaluation and possible treatment as soon as possible.

Bowel obstructions can be large or small. Cancer-caused blockages generally produce symptoms including blood in the stool, weakness, weight loss and a decreased appetite. Newborns can get bowel obstructions as well as older people, but their symptoms are more specific to green vomit and inability to pass their first stool, which is of meconium, which is thick, and greenish-black in color.

Treatment of bowel obstructions generally takes place in the hospital, so the patient can be monitored carefully using the facility’s technology. The patient usually cannot eat or drink and will receive intravenous fluids to keep blood pressure at a normal rate. There also can be a nose-inserted tube, which reaches the stomach. The tube removes fluids and gas, and can relieve the patient of pain and pressure caused from the obstruction.

Nonsurgical treatments are done for partial obstructions, but large obstructions need surgery. Obstructions can recur.

Hopefully this brief article has give you a helpful overview of bowel obstruction symptoms, signs, and treatment options.