Bone Tumor – Description, Symptoms and Diagnosis

Bones of the human body are essential because they serve numerous purposes. They hold and protect inner organs, for instance, the lungs are protected by the ribs and the brain is protected by the skull. Muscles stretch against every bone to allow movement of the body. Bone marrow is a soft tissue found at the core of several bones that make and store blood cells.

Tumor that starts within the bone was identified as primary bone tumor or cancer. Primary bone cancers are quite unusual compared to stage II or metastatic cancers. Primary bone cancers are found mostly in the legs and arms, but they can happen also in some bones of body. Children, as well as young persons are more prone to get bone tumor than adults.

Primary bone tumors are frequently called sarcoma. There are numerous kinds of sarcoma and each type starts in diverse kinds of bone tissues. Majority of the sarcomas are known as osteosarcoma, chondrosarcoma and Ewing’s sarcoma.

The most ordinary form of bone tumor in young persons is osteosarcoma. It happens usually between ten to twenty five years old young people. Men are mostly affected frequently then women. This type of bone tumor often begins at the end of the bones, wherein fresh bone tissue form when an adolescent grows. The lengthy bones in the legs or arms are usually affected by osteosarcoma.

Chondrosarcoma is generally found in adults. This type of cancer forms in cartilages, the tough tissues around the joints.

Ewing’s sarcoma is generally found in persons between ten and twenty five years old; teenagers are mostly affected frequently. This tumor forms at the central portion of the large bone. It affects mostly hipbones and lengthy bones of the thigh along with the upper arms. It happens also in ribs.

Treatment for tumor that has scattered towards the bones depend where the tumor starts and the scope of the scatter. More or less eighty percent of metastatic lesions come from principal carcinomas, specifically of the prostate, breast, lungs, kidney, stomach, thyroid and pancreas.

Patients with bone cancer may suffer persistent pain, tenderness or swelling of the bone. They can have fracture of bones which are unexplainable, occasionally without visible trauma. The presenting sign is generally pain. The pathological fracture can be seen and mostly common within the lower extremity than upper extremity.