Diagnosing Bitot’s Spots
The diagnosis of Bitot’s spots will be confirmed by an eye specialist or ophthalmologist. Vitamin A status is measured by tests for retinol, with bloodserum retinol concentrations of 30-60 mg/dl considered in the normal range. Levels that fall below this range indicate Vitamin A deficiency.
Symptoms and Signs of Vitamin A Deficiency
– Dry skin and hair – Increased incidence of ear infection, sinusitis, respiratory infection, urinary infection, and digestive problems – Drying of the cornea with ulceration – xerophthalmia – Inability to gain weight – Nervous disorders – Skin sores – There may be night blindness or a decreased ability for dark adaptation
What Causes Bitot’s Spots?
This condition results from a buildup of keratinized epithelial debris and secretions that can be found in the conjunctiva. These spots are a sign of Vitamin A deficiency and are usually accompanied by night blindness.
Help for Bitot’s Spots
Treating Bitot’s spots first and foremost involves improving the individual’s diet. Regular and adequate intake of foods rich in Vitamin A can reduce symptoms of Bitot’s spots such as night blindness. Other medical conditions such as respiratory tract infections, diarrhea and measles that may be present should also be treated immediately.
Usually, topical antibiotics are administered to prevent secondary bacterial infection. Vitamin A deficiency and the early stages of xerophthalmia can be reversed by administration of a massive dose (200,000 IU or 110 mg of retinol palmitate) orally on two successive days. Children with corneal ulcers should receive vitamin A whether or not a deficiency is suspected.
Natural Remedies for Bitot’s Spots
Natural and holistic treatments can reduce the symptoms associated with Bitot’s spots. Treatments such as herbal and homeopathic remedies are gentle to use, safe and highly effective. Herbs such as Vaccinium myrtillus (bilberry), Aspalathus linearis (Rooibos) and Sutherlandia frutescens support the natural ability of the eye to resist infection and disease.
These herbal ingredients promote the health and strength of eye capillaries, and maintain a healthy supply of blood, oxygen and essential nutrients to the eye – essential for eye health.
Vizu-All Plus is a natural remedy that may help maintain healthy eyes and circulatory health. Vizu-All Plus may also help lessen common problems associated with night vision and eye sensitivity often associated with the normal aging process.
Preventing Bitot’s Spots
In order to prevent Bitot’s spots, there are certain lifestyle changes that need to be adhered to and they include:
– Increase your intake of Vitamin A supplements and beta-carotene
– A protein rich diet is essential and should include meat, liver, eggs, milk, dairy products and vegetables
– Drink fresh carrot juice to prevent or alleviate some eye problems
– Two tablespoons of cod liver oil taken daily is also rich in vitamin A
– Avoid straining your eyes
– Avoid smoke-filled rooms
– Protect your eyes from direct and indirect sunlight