Birth Control Side Effects alters from one contraceptive to another pending on which method you are utilizing. We will mention these side effects separately.
Natural Methods Side Effects
This type refers to the act of “penile withdrawal” before ejaculation. There are essentially no adverse effects although this type leads to an amazingly high failure rate and subsequent unwanted pregnancy is not unusual. It is therefore a good idea to employ some other type of birth control for this type to be more effective
Barrier Methods Side Effects
Included are male or female condoms, diaphragms and spermicides. Untoward effects from barrier methods are more often than not contact related commonly in the form of a local allergy including burning feeling or formation of a local skin rash. These adverse effects could be prevented by using “hypo-allergenic” products or discontinue using them altogether for an alternative. Barrier methods are inclined to minimize the pleasure of sex hence why some people avoid using them. It is however, the best there is in preventing sexually transmitted infections and its use should be encouraged for everyone not in a longterm stable single partner relationship.
Contraceptive Pills Side Effects
These are dependent on the kind of pill being administered. Essentially, there are two types of contraceptive pills. The more commonly prescribed combined oral contraceptive pill (COCP) contains estrogen AND progesterone hormones and the Minipill which is a progesterone only pill.
Whilst most girls and women who consume the COCP will not experience any adverse effects, some will develop nausea, mood swings, breast enlargement and tenderness, bleeding in between menses, tummy cramps and in some women, headaches. Seldom though potentially serious is the development of deep vein thrombosis (clots in the deep veins) cerebro-vascular accident(stroke) or myocardial infarction (heart attack). This is particularly so in women older than thirty five who also smoke cigarettes. This risk also increases in people with hypertension or if you have a rare blood condition which predisposes your blood to clot easily e.g. Factor 5 Leyden gene which runs in family genes.
Contraceptive Pill can stop your periods for a few months after discontinuing the COCP however it is essential to exclude pregnancy by performing a pregnancy test. If your period has not appeared within 6 months, you should have this assessed by your medical practitioner as there may be another cause.
The progesterone only pill frequently prescribed for breast feeding mothers may cause irregular bleeding and mood variations.
Birth Control Patch Side Effects
The contraceptive patch like the pill also contains both estrogen and progesterone hormones so its adverse effects are comparable to the pill. In addition, the patch can create local skin allergy. It is important to appreciate that the contraceptive patch does not guard against AIDS or other STD’s so use a condom or diaphragm if you are uncertain about your sexual partner (male or female).
Injectables, Implants & IUD’s Birth Control Side Effects
These types contain the progesterone hormone so the possible adverse effects would include symptoms such as nausea, mood changes, depression, fluid retention and weight gain. In some women, persistent bleeding or irregular bleeding put them off these options. A significant number of women however discontinue menstrual bleeding completely so these contraceptives are frequently utilized to treat women with menstrual problems.