Whether it may be regarding their health, work, or family, worrying happens natural to people. This is why anxiety is disregarded by many as a health problem. A person should directly seek consultation with a physician when anxiety hinders with his or her daily life. Medications and therapy are used to take care of anxiety. One of these medications, is a group named beta blockers.
Beta blockers also well-known as anxiolytics are described by their suffix -olol. These are administered to reduce the effect of physical strain or unrest in someone, such as a low heart rate and contractile force, tremor, and glycogen breakdown. It dilates the blood vessels and opens up the bronchi in the lungs. Doctors prescribe these to treat a variety of cardiac illnesses such as atrial fibrillation, cardiac arrhythmia, angina, congestive heart failure and myocardial infarction. These drugs lessen the symptoms felt when one is experiencing anxiety as they diminish the effect of noradrenaline and adrenaline, which are produced when one is anxious. Propanolol, an example of this drug, is the only drug indicated for tremors.
It is obtainable as tablets, capsules, liquid, and injection. It is suggested to take the tablets and capsules standing or sitting with at least half a glass of water to guarantee the medication is delivered directly to the stomach and does not stay in the throat. Tiredness and having cold extremities are the common side effects using this group of drugs. These may occur early in the treatment but will ultimately go away. Nausea, diarrhoea, sleeplessness, dizziness, difficulty of breathing, a slower heart rate are infrequent side effects. There are also risks in taking these medications. Adverse drug reactions associated to taking these are heart failure, heart blocks, hallucinations, sexual dysfunction, and erectile dysfunction. It has also been found to raise the risk of developing diabetes in patients. When someone has been taking the medication for four to six weeks, the dose should be decreased little by little as these can trigger drug withdrawal symptoms.
There are many other medicines in the market such as buspirone, benzodiazepines and antidepressants namely SSRI's or selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. All of these medicines, like beta blockers, have their particular pros and cons. The person ought to be diagnosed by a doctor prior to taking any of these to avoid harm to oneself. Lifestyle changes such as exercising, sleep and proper diet are as well beneficial to a person suffering from anxiety as it will lessen stress. Most importantly, it is important to aid the anxiety sufferer with appropriate support from family and peers.