We know that bugs are small parasitic insects that feed unnoticed on human blood and the cracks and crevices of the bed frame and mattress are their favorite habitat. Due to their nocturnal activities we become the inactive prey to them and can not simply do anything in our sleep to brush them aside. They bite us, suck our blood and leave us with rashes. Bed bug rashes look like red bumps on the skin.
We have a number of health hazards from bed bugs and skin rashes top it all in the list of diseases like psychological effects and allergic symptoms. A bedbug pierces the skin of its host with two hollow feeding tubes. With one tube it injects its saliva, while with the other it withdraws the blood of its host. The effect is not realized instantly as first we feel irritation and itching.
Gradually the bitten place stars swelling and lastly it turns red. We naturally tend to scratch and it makes it worse since the place becomes more swollen and redder. Worst, if unattended, it may lead to skin infection. At normal condition it takes time to cure and if the area becomes infected, it will not heal without proper medication.
The healing period varies from two to five days. Interestingly, the bed bug rashes are not realized instantly and can be felt after an hour only because bug's saliva has got some aesthetic quality. The effect of bite varies as some people are more susceptible to harmful chemicals. The numbers of bumps multiply in a day or two indicating that more than one bug has bitten the sleeper.
To prevent infection the bitten area must be washed with cold water. As precautionary measures antiseptic cream and lotion can be applied to the affected place. Calamine lotion will give relief from burning sensation. Lukewarm water, antibacterial soap are believed to have disinfectant qualities. A mixture of salt and baking soda or oatmeal soaked in lukewarm water can stop inflammation. Cotton ball can be dabbed on the affected area to get cooling effect.