Thus, when a person repeats or prolongs sounds or hesitates for an unusually long time between sounds, we usually say that that person stutters (or is dysfluent). A person who stutters may also exhibit other behaviours such as facial grimaces and unusual body postures or movements.
Every person who stutters is unique and presents a different pattern of behaviour. The frequency of stuttered words, the type of speech disruption, and the presence of, and type of associated behaviour varies from person to person. How much a person stutters varies greatly from time to time, from situation to situation, from day to day, from week to week, from year to year, and even from minute to minute.
The effects of stuttering on feelings, beliefs, self-concept, and social interactions are often overlooked.
Stuttering is a social-emotional problem as well as a speech problem. People who stutter often display intense fear of speaking, experience repeated frustrations when communicating, and express dissatisfaction with themselves. However, people who stutter are not more neurotic than people who do not stutter, as was once believed, but are just reacting normally to the stress of their communicative handicap.
Basic Facts about Stuttering:
– There are no differences in intelligence between people who stutter and those who do not.
– Stuttering is not a psychological disorder.
– There are more males than females who stutter; a 3:1 ratio.
– Stuttering tends to run in families.
– Between 0.5 and 1% of the general population stutters, thus making it a rare disorder.
– Stuttering affects people from all levels of the socio-economic scale and is found in all parts of the world.
– Children do not copy stuttering. You cannot pick it up by copying someone who stutters.
– Parents do not cause stuttering. Some environmental factors may affect the development and severity of
stuttering, but these factors are not likely the cause of stuttering.
– Stress and anxiety may aggravate stuttering.
– There are no magical, quick cures for stuttering but you can help by doing some exercises.
– Research has demonstrated that stuttering can be controlled by direct therapy and environmental changes.