The spinal column is the mainframe of the human musculoskeletal system. Every limb, the rib cage, and the pelvic girdle are supported by it. Being the very back-bone of existence, any pain occurring in it should in no way be ignored. The back should be meticulously taken care of.
Most back pains are caused by muscle strain and sprain. Some are idiopathic in nature whereas some are specific pains as a result of disc compression and degeneration, radiculopathy secondary to fracture, spinal stenosis, or injury.
The aged are more susceptible to back aches. However, it is not surprising to note that even young people are at times prone to dorsalgia; hectic and hyperactive lifestyles being the main reason for its occurrence.
Back Ache Causes
Lifting light or heavy objects awkwardly and at random pressurizes the muscles and tendons of the back; moving the body structure with jerks; sudden twists and turns of the body; working on improperly-designed work tables; poor body posture; over weight; walking with high-heeled shoes; and acute emotional disturbances give rise to back aches. Besides spinal injury, osteoporosis, disc degeneration, and fibromyalgia equally trigger back aches. The back being the most neglected part of the body, it is only when pain is experienced there that one tends to notice its discomfort.
Identify Early Symptoms
Onset of back aches are due to mild-to-acute pain in the spinal and lumbar back regions, aches that originate in the area of the coccyx and radiate downwards into the gluteal muscles, hips, and the lower extremities. This is usually accompanied by weakness, numbness, and tingling in the limbs. Further, tightness and stiffness of the neck and back muscles are felt. In acute cases the bowel and bladder too dysfunction.
In the event of any of the above occurring, medical advice must be solicited instantly.
• Dorsalgia gets worse with coughing or sneezing.
• Numbness, tingling, and pain radiates downwards into the lower extremities.
• Unable to sleep due to acute aches.
• Bladder and bowel dysfunction.
• Bowel and bladder incontinence.
Any of the above indicates crucial nerve injury or an underlying health problem. There are other diagnoses as well. However, it is suggested that early signs and symptoms of back aches be identified and remedial measures taken accordingly..
Prevention Is Better Than Cure
Identify and evaluate dorsalgic pain symptomatically. It is best to prevent its occurrence in the first place. Healthy lifestyles; balanced diets that include Vitamin D, calcium, and magnesium; stretching exercises; stress-reducing yogic and Tai Chi postures; Acupuncture; spinal cord manipulation for total supinity; cycling; walking; jogging; swimming; and treadmill workouts help the back to remain erect and fit.