Type 2 Diabetes – Maternal Weight Gain During Pregnancy Affects the Child’s Risk of Becoming Obese

Scientists at Harvard Medical School and several other research institutions in Boston, United States and Canada, found too much weight gain during the first three months of pregnancy resulted in excess weight gain in children.

In July of 2016 the medical journal, Obesity reported on 979 mother and child pairs who took part in the study. The young children whose mother had gained excess amounts of weight during the first and second three months of their pregnancy, were heavy by mid-childhood. From this result, the researchers concluded there was a need to address excess weight gain early in the mother’s pregnancy to avoid excessive weight gain in their children’s early years.

Overweight and obese children are at high risk for…

  • developing Type 2 diabetes,
  • high blood fat levels,
  • high blood pressure, and
  • heart disease.

According to Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, United States, obesity and Type 2 diabetes in children can lead to their heart growing out-of-shape.

In 2012 the journal American Family Physician reported that obese boys have a 30 percent risk of high blood pressure or borderline high blood pressure. The risk for girls is 23 to 30 percent. High blood pressure readings or hypertension, can lead to overgrowth of the heart and diseased blood vessels.

Another study reported on in the American Heart Association’s journal Circulation in 2015 indicated overgrowth of the heart in children as young as 8 years. Heart specialists compared images of the heart in…

  • 20 obese, and
  • 20 average weight

girls aged 8 to 16. Generally, obese children have heavier and thicker-walled left ventricles.

Left ventricles pump blood from the heart to the rest of the body. When the heart walls become too thick, not enough blood can flow into and out of them. Forty percent of the obese children in the above study had overgrowth throughout their heart, making it difficult for their heart to take in and pump blood to their lungs and the rest of their body.

Normally weight gain is slow the first three months of pregnancy or trimester, picks up during the second trimester, and is fastest in the third trimester. The National Institute of Health recommends taking in…

  • 1800 calories per day in the first trimester,
  • 2200 calories per day in the second, and
  • 2400 calories per day in the last trimester.

This amount of calories is based on the needs of healthy, normal-weight women and will vary for those who are either underweight, overweight, or obese. Pregnant mothers need to consult with their obstetrician or midwife for individual dietary and weight gain goals.

Relora Side Effects – Know About Them

The US and Developed Nations scientists have tried their best to control the growing menace of obesity cases as a result of irresponsible lifestyle. Tasty foods, energy concentrated meals accompanied with little physical activities have lured a lot of people into acquiring pun shapes. An accumulation of fatty acids and glycerol takes place gradually. Slowly, the affected person starts to take an irregular body shape and issues like breathing problems start to emerge. Running for some few meters becomes a nightmare. The body becomes a ‘burden’ to the spirit. The spirit may be willing but the physical body doesn’t allow.

A combination of some two components, P amurense and Magnolia Officinalis, in a certain herb was worked on and a resultant product known as Relora was created. Extensively, this unique supplement has worked well in abating anxiety levels in humans. There is a direct relationship between stress levels and weight gain. A stressed person would resort to eating a lot, smoking and drinking alcohol which eventually leads to high Body Mass Indices (BMIs). Cases like restlessness, emotional flaws and irritation are handled by Relora. Corticos hormones are some of contributing factors leading to high levels of glucose in the body thus obesity issues.

Relora side effects are revealed in the following ways: interference with normal functioning of the Central Nervous Systems, drowsiness and small decreases of systolic blood pressure levels (mild hypotension). On the contrary, diastolic pressure levels remain unchanged. The consumers of these products for the first time experience drowsiness majorly because of the binding factor of Relora on CNS relaxation and anxiety receptors hence a free system that manifest itself as sleepiness. There are other Relora after-consumption effects known as uncommon side effects. Namely they are: shaking of upper limbs, thyroid impairment, nausea and sexual disconfiguration. Extreme use of these belly-fat and stress depressants also cause diarrhea in animals although it has not yet been proven on human beings.

The doctors would advise the patients, who want to use Relora, to consider carefully the other medical prescriptions they are entitled to. Relora has histamine and anxiety resistant properties which may have inherent undesirable additive side effects especially when taken with drugs of similar nature. Another group of users, who are at risk of complicating their situation once Relora is administered to them, is the expectant and lactating women niche. Considering the sensitive issue of blood pressure during the gestation period, stress relieving depressants such as Relora should not be taken by pregnant women. Similarly lactating women and people who are allergic are not spared too. Since it helps in improving “sleep” life, many women would be enticed to use it to increase their chances of having a relaxed spell during pregnancy.

A good example of this anti-stress product is Relora Max, 100 percent natural. It is very effective and has mild Relora side effects for beginners which disappear after a short while during subsequent use. The pack comes at a higher price than other supplements but it has been tested and proven.

Were You a Bit Rash in Calling the Break-Up? – Proven Method to Get Your Ex Back

So it’s your fault…

Did you break up with your lover over a pride issue? Did you get into an argument and refuse to admit being wrong, or refuse to let the problem go? Pride is one of those common relationship killers. If it’s your fault, and you want to get back together with your ex, then listen up! Proven method to get your ex back: say you’re sorry.

Don’t just say you’re sorry.

So you need to apologize, but don’t just apologize, you need to really show your lover that you made a big mistake! Letting your ego and big head get in the way of your relationship, how could you! But don’t feel too guilty. Just get to work! Get out a pen and piece of paper and start writing. Write a note expressing in your own words that you are sorry. List your mistakes and apologize specifically! Then, admit your pride. Admitting pride is one of the hardest things a person can do. We often have such a strong grip on our pride! If you are able to let that go, and truly apologize, you are on you way!

Give your ex some space.

When you have said your apologies and made everything right… give your lover some space and time to make a decision if they need it. You’ve done your best. If you have expressed that you want to get back together then this is your best hope. Being honest! You are well on your way to reconciliation, just be patient!

Understanding Penis Pain – Balanitis Xerotica Obliterans Symptoms and Treatment

Men who are affected by unusual spots, penis pain, thickening of the penis skin, and phimosis – the inability to retract the foreskin – may be affected by a condition known as balanitis xerotica obliterans. While this condition is not generally serious, it can get worse without treatment and may lead to more serious complications. Not all doctors are familiar with this condition, so men who experience the related symptoms should be familiar with the disorder so that they can help their doctors understand what to look for.

Following is a brief overview of balanitis xerotica obliterans, as well as the available treatments and some tips to proper penis care.

What is balanitis xerotica obliterans?

Commonly abbreviated as BXO, this condition is considered as the male manifestation of lichen sclerosis, a benign condition that affects the skin. While the symptoms are not confined to the penis, they can be most worrying in this area, as they can cause some uncomfortable side effects.

To date, no definitive cause has been identified. However, there appears to be a hereditary component, and men who suffer from BXO are also likely to experience other autoimmune type conditions. While BXO may appear unattractive and cause issues with sex, the condition is not contagious and cannot be passed to a partner, either through sexual contact or otherwise.

Common Symptoms of BXO

The most common symptoms of BXO include white patches on the glans penis, as well as under the foreskin; a thickened ring of tissue may also form around the tip of the glans, and penis pain may also occur. Adhesions of the foreskin to the glans may also occur and lead to phimosis, a condition in which it is difficult or impossible to retract the foreskin over the crown of the penis. Erectile issues may also accompany these symptoms.

In more advanced stages, the white or grayish patches may reach the shaft, and even the scrotum. Scrubbing or otherwise attempting to move the lesions is not effective and may cause further damage to the skin.


If allowed to progress without treatment, the toughened tissue that characterizes BXO can lead to urinary stricture, blocking the elimination of urine and increasing the risk of liver and kidney damage. In addition, BXO has been linked to increased risk of squamous cell carcinoma (a form of skin cancer), although it is unclear whether the condition is causative.

Is there a cure?

Currently, there is no single cure that has demonstrated consistency in treating and curing BXO. The first step in treating the disorder generally involves topical steroid creams. While these may alleviate some of the symptoms, they are not effective for curing the disease and may cause further damage to the skin if used for a lengthy period of time.

The most effective method of addressing the problem generally involves circumcision. Removing the foreskin can eliminate the lesions and prevent them from recurring, as the urine-rich, moist environment created by the presence of the foreskin is removed. For lesions on the shaft or scrotum, laser therapy or surgical excision may be recommended.

Penis care for all men

While BXO has not been linked to hygiene issues or other aspects of penis care, all men can benefit from treating the penis right. The pelvic area should always be kept clean, using a mild cleanser to gently wash away any dirt, sweat, urine and other body fluids. Wearing underwear is always recommended to prevent rubbing and chafing, as well as to reduce the risk of injury.

While BXO is not contagious, all men who are sexually active should use a condom for every encounter, unless they are in a monogamous relationship where both partners have tested clean for any sexually transmitted diseases.

Adding a high-quality penis vitamin cream (most health professionals recommend Man 1 Man Oil) to the daily penis care regimen can improve the overall tone, texture and elasticity of the penis skin, as well as improving sensation levels in some men. While penis creams should not be applied to damaged or diseased penile tissue without a doctor’s approval, even the most healthy penis can benefit from natural moisturizers and male-friendly nutrients.

Pros and Cons Of Using Cortisone Creams For Eczema

Ask any eczema sufferer Earth right now, almost everyone knows about cortisone creams. However, some of the people know only half of the story.

Some people believe these steroid creams are the perfect cure, but the truth is, there are many disadvantages.

Let me tell you the pros and cons for using these drugs to treat your eczema.

Pro #1) The Creams Work Magically Fast

Yes, it’s true. Speaking in terms of speed, steroid creams are the fastest treatment available for people suffering from eczema.

In fact, the higher the steroid potency, the more “instant” your itches will stop and your wounds will heal.

Pro #2) Easy Usage

Many alternative treatments out there require constant care and many other time-consuming acts.

You either apply steroid creams topically, and that’s about 30 seconds of work for the maximum. Heck, you can even take oral steroids, and that’s about 10 seconds?

Pro #3) Moderate Costs

Cortisone creams made for the skin are not too expensive nor cheap, it’s more around in the middle.

Think of it this way, sacrifice a cup of coffee from Starbucks and get 1 to 2 weeks’ worth of drugs to hide your eczema.

Con #1) Temporary Results

Cortisone is a class of chemicals that contains steroid hormones when applied, can disrupt the functioning of your body’s hormones linked to inflammatory responses.

In other words, steroids block and delay your itches, which means as soon as you stop the drugs, your eczema is simply going to come back, but even worse.

Con #2) Addiction & Tolerance

The longer you use these drugs, the more your body can adjust to it, which means as time pass by, you will be more tolerable to the chemicals.

Simply put, the longer you use, the more doses you’ll need, and that’s not all, you’ll also build tolerance to the strength of the steroid, which means you will also need absolutely stronger doses.

Eventually, you’ll even need oral steroids every day to survive.

Con #3) Side Effects

All drugs come with side-effects, and prolonged use of cortisone creams can ruin your body.

Cortisone is normally recommended for use never for more than 14 days in a row. If not, side effects include:

– Skin thinning and degrading

– Easy bruising

– Weakened skin protective barrier function

– Build-up of toxins in your body

– Suppressing your hormones from proper functioning

As you can see the comparison of pros & cons of using cortisone creams for your eczema, it is obvious that the advantages of using artificial chemicals are more about helping the industry to make more money, and worst of all, the results are temporary.

Conclusion? Never use cortisone creams.

7 Easy Steps to Get Rid of Yeast-Thrush Infection

Yeast or thrush infection officially known as “candidiasis” both in men and women presents such a common problem in my everyday practise that I decided to write this simple to follow guide to explain key aspects about yeast problem and outline main treatment approaches in 7 easy steps.

Generally speaking, yeast infection is caused by overgrowth of parasitic fungal microorganism known as Candida which is present in humans from birth and normally causes no problem unless overgrowth of Candida fungus occurs. There are eight types of candida known to cause infection in humans and candida albicans is by far the most common. Candida overgrowth causes yeast infection/thrush in its basic form which can affect various mucus membranes in the body from mouth to genitals.

Main symptoms of candidiasis include:

– bloating, belching, gas
– abdominal discomfort, feeling sick
– nausea, constipation, diarrhoea.
– genital itching, soreness, redness
– genital discharge ( characteristic cottage cheese-like discharge )
– mouth soreness, creamy white patches on the tongue, roof of the mouth, back of the throat and inside the cheeks

7 steps to help get rid of yeast infection:

1. Make sure you go see your Dr if you get recurrent (few times a year) yeast infections particularly in the mouth/genitals. It could possibly indicate other health issues and medical conditions such as diabetes which should be excluded.

2. Anti fungal medication – speak to your pharmacist regarding which is best to use. Depending on symptoms or part of the body affected different preparation can be recommended. Make sure that medication is used appropriately and for a period of time specified by the manufacture in order to kill the fungus.

3. Regular exercise is very important in supporting healthy immune function. It is important to exercise at least 30 minutes per day. Exercise does not have to be stenious. Walking is the best form of exercise available and easily can be implemented in even the busiest lifestyle.

4. Diet. There is plenty of information regarding diet in managing yeast infection. But I would like to stress on avoiding deep fried, fatty foods and including more of vegetables and cereals. Fruit consumption also has to be limited to 2 servings a day while undergoing treatment for yeast infection due to high content of sugar.

5. I would like to highlight GARLIC as a separate treatment option due to its enormous ability to kill all kinds of fungal infections. For best results I always recommend to swallow 2-3 small cloves of garlic in the morning on an empty stomach with a glass of water and not to eat or drink anything for at least 1/2 an hour after that. Cloves have to be swallowed whole without chewing them up to avoid odor:))

6. Supplements. Zinc supplementation has been found to improve the body’s resistance to yeast infection. For oral yeast infection I normally recommend dissolving a zinc lozenge in the mouth may be more beneficial than swallowing a tablet or capsule.

– Probiotic supplements containing acidophilus and bifidus cultures help to restore the normal, healthy flora in the bowel that form a barrier to harmful bacteria. A probiotic supplement may help to prevent infection or reduce the severity of candidiasis.
– In cases of low immune function, an oversupply of harmful molecules (free radicals) may be present. Antioxidants such as vitamins A, C, E, zinc, grape seed extract, coenzyme Q10 and selenium help to reduce the number of free radicals in the body.
– Echinacea and Golden seal are herbs which help to boost the immune system and prevent infection. An effective gargle and mouthwash against Oral Thrush may be made from a combination of these herbs and propolis liquid. Propolis, a natural bee product, has antimicrobial properties which may help to eliminate the candida organism.
– Astragalus is a herb with a long history of traditional use in Chinese herbal medicine. Clinical trials have shown Astragalus to have immune enhancing properties. This herb may be especially beneficial in cases of chronic, recurring Oral Thrush.

7. Regular relaxation/stress management. Is very important to allow your body to rest in order to maintain a good immune function. Good night sleep, relaxation exercise (yoga or tai chi ) will allow your natural defenses to keep yeast infection at bay.

Food Allergies Candy

It can be very difficult for a person to find foods they are allowed to eat when they have food allergies. Many of our foods are based on the very products that are considered the most common ones. Many individuals have allergies to eggs, dairy, peanuts, tree nuts, wheat, shellfish, and seafood. As you can imagine some of these properties are also found in candy. For instance candy bars usually have nuts, tree nuts, dairy, and some type of egg. You will also find that some of the candy can even have a wheat base depending on the type of candy bar. For many, this has meant just cutting candy out of their lives, but you will find a list below of certain candies that you can have. This is especially helpful if you have children. Children don’t like to feel left out because of a this problem, and having a candy snack around that you can give them on occasion is a very delightful prospect.

Dum Dum Candy Canes are the first item on the list for problematic candies. The Dum Dum has been created with sugar, corn syrup, citric acid, malic acid, artificial flavor, and color. This means that you will not find any diary, peanuts, tree nuts, wheat, or even gluten in the snack. It provides a safe snack for whatever food allergy you may have. Even if you have multiple food allergies you will find this snack is available.

Spree Candy Canes are also made with sugar, corn syrup, citric acid, sodium citrate, artificial and natural flavors, as well as color added. You will again find that this candy is free of any of these ingredients and that the equipment used is kept free of such foods.

Now and Later, Candy Canes, Jolly Ranchers, Wonka Chocolate candy canes, Gobstoppers, Sweet Tarts, and Hershey’s chocolate mint candy canes have all been made without the most common food allergies ingredients. This means that any of the above food allergies candy is going to be safe for you or your child. You do want to keep in mind that with food allergies some individuals tend to develop multiple allergies because they have too many antibodies in their system. It is always wise to rotate even the candy you allow yourself or your child to avoid any issues with eating the same foods.

Bach Flower Therapy For IVF Support

If you are like most women going through in vitro fertilization (IVF) you will be feeling very anxious and concerned about the outcome of your treatment. You need support at the mental and emotional. During this time it is important to have someone close that can listen to you and help you find courage and strength to go through all the ups and down that may come your way.

Bach Flower Therapy supports you while going through IVF treatments emotionally and mentally by creating balance and a positive outlook.

Mind-Body Connection

Dr. Bach observed that many of people physical conditions were connected to their mental and emotional state. Negative mental thoughts trigger negative emotions like sadness, depression, worry, melancholy, anger, irritability, jealousy, and hopelessness. These emotions can affect the body’s ability to reach optimum health because experiencing prolonged negative emotions can affect the body at the physiological level. The result can be as detrimental as the manifestation of sickness and disease. When the mind shifts to a negative state for long periods of time, the body’s inner ability to heal itself is impaired leading to a degenerative state.

Infertility and Mental Stress

Infertility can be affected by a constant state f stress and mental and emotional strain. Studies have shown how male sperm decreases as a result of prolonged stress and female hormones become imbalanced as a result of mental worry and concern. The pituitary gland, a small, peanut shaped gland located at the base of the skull, is responsible for the secretion of hormones that regulate the reproductive organs. When you are mentally stressed and worried, your pituitary function can decrease leading to menstrual irregularity, impaired ovulation, etc. Also, stress is related to the adrenal glands located on top of the kidneys. When women and men feel stress, the adrenal glands become burned out leading to stress-related disorders and lowered fertility because the adrenal gland secrete hormones like estrogen and progesterone.

Bach Flower Therapy for Infertility

Bach Flower Therapy is a branch of Homeopathic medicine that uses highly diluted natural substances to stimulate the body to health itself. It is not intended to treat or cure any condition, but to offer a way to assist the body to gain balance and achieve optimal state of health at the mental and emotional level. Bach Flower Essences are made from edible flowers and thus are non toxic and suitable for babies, pregnant and lactating women.

Bach Flower Remedies for IVF

Bach Flower Remedies are amazing in helping and supporting women through the emotional ups and downs of trying to conceive. Bach essences are equally useful to men and women in order to help gain back inner balance. They can be taken while trying to get pregnant because they are non-toxic, act gently and without side effects. The following is a list of the most useful Bach Flower Essences for infertility to help couples who are struggling with infertility. Bach flower Remedies for women who are going through in vitro cycles (IVF) are especially useful to help support emotional well-being. They are highly recommended by many holistic fertility specialists.


This Bach flower helps those who experience a sense of fear an uneasy feeling as if something is about to happen. This is the Bach flower for fear of unknown causes and it helps in cases of apprehension and anxiety. If you are going through medical tests to determine the cause of your infertility, this flower will help you overcome your sense of uncertainty. You should take Aspen if you are schedule to consult with a fertility doctor or are going to a fertility clinic.


This Bach remedy is very useful while trying to get pregnant especially when you cannot wait. You want pregnancy to happen right now! If you suspect you might be pregnant and need to wait to know the results, this Bach flower can give you a sense of calmness. If you feel impatient and irritable about not getting pregnant fast enough, Impatiens helps eliminate that feeling in nervous anticipation, promoting patience and help you relax a little more while you wait.


I find this Bach flower great for setbacks and disappointments. When you feel discouraged and cannot think positive anymore, this remedy encourages you to look on the positive side, gives you the drive to move forward with renewed hope for your life. If you suffered a miscarriage or the fertility treatment did not work or your period arrived and you where hoping for a pregnancy, Gentian will help you! If you feel sorry for yourself because you have difficulty getting pregnant, this Bach flower will lift your spirit of optimism.

White Chestnut

All Bach remedies are great for your mental well being, but this flower is for you if you are constantly worried and have persistent worrying thoughts that go round and round in your mind. You find yourself constantly thinking, planning, worrying, debating with yourself about what to do or should do. You cannot rest, especially at night when you wake up from sleep thinking and worrying about possible outcomes. White Chestnut helps you deal with these unwanted thoughts, helping you clear your mind and relax.


This beautiful blue flower is for those who are very shy and fearful. This remedy will help if you have a fear of needles and have to give blood for a test or if you have a fear of doctors and hospitals and you know you have to go there.


When you hide your feeling by putting on a brave face and do not show others your true worrying feelings about getting pregnant, this flower is for you. Agrimony helps you if you are experiencing inner anguish. Many men and women seem to need this remedy when they are concerned but do not want to show their partner their true feelings and try to be brave and strong.

Most Important Depression and Anxiety Physical Symptoms

We all feel anxious to an extent from time to time. Let it be a board meeting presentation, public speaking or just waiting for your lover on your first date. But if this regular anxiety gets overwhelming and start attacking frequently, it may lead to a serious mental and emotional situation called anxiety or panic attack.

There are literally millions of people across the world suffering with anxiety and panic problems in their day to day lives. But the sign of relieve is that anxiety disorders are completely curable. The key is to identify and diagnose it at its beginning stages and get it treated properly.

Different biological changes in the body reflect several physical symptoms of anxiety disorders. Common anxiety physical symptoms are easy to identify if you are aware of them. Educating yourself about anxiety physical symptoms not only helps you to identify them for yourself but you can also help people around you to discover this disorder in early stages.

Following are some of the common anxiety physical symptoms:

  • Racing heartbeat called as palpitations.
  • Severe chest pain, often people mistaken this pain as heart attack which adds to the trauma of patients.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Excessive sweating which exhausts the sufferer.
  • Limbs trembling and shaking.
  • Difficulty in swallowing, feelings of choking in throat.
  • Feeling of being smothered.
  • Patients also suffer with nausea and indigestion.
  • Numbness in the limbs.
  • Facial numbness.
  • Patient fears that he is going crazy.
  • Hot and cold flashes, this is more common among female patients.
  • Headaches and migraines.
  • Fatigue and anemia.
  • Sleeplessness.
  • Just moments before anxiety attack patient feel dizzy and lightheaded.
  • In some severe cases anxiety attacks can also lead depression.
  • Due to all the tension in the chest and heart ribs also start paining and result in tender breasts in female patients.

Please note that above anxiety physical symptoms do not dictate the degree of severity of anxiety attacks. Some people suffer with several of the above symptoms while others suffer with just a few of them. There are few people who do not show any anxiety physical symptoms but still experience anxiety attacks.

One best way to deal with anxiety physical symptoms is practising deep-slow-breaths therapy. Due to anxiety we tend to breathe quicker therefore our breath becomes shorter. By taking deep breaths you can calm down the mind and control breathing more effectively.

Does Travel Insurance Cover Fear of Flying?

Fear of Flying has been a problem for many people since passenger flights began. It is a fear or phobia, the same as many people may fear spiders, public speaking, or heights. Fear of flying has probably increased dramatically in the past decade – especially since 9/11. It’s understandable. How many people happily boarded planes after that terrible event? After all, when you think about it, flying is not a very natural thing for humans to do – we weren’t born with wings!

In today’s tight security climate we hardly ever get to see the pilots or cockpit crews who have our lives in their hands. It might be helpful to remember that they are human beings too – with lives and families of their own – and they fully intend to return home to them! Gone are the days when you might be lucky enough to obtain the captain’s permission to visit the cockpit on a long-haul flight. The pilots are locked in behind a bullet proof door and the entire process of flight is a mystery for many passengers! It’s a real shame.

Fear of flying is an annoying and often debilitating problem for those afflicted but, not only that, it can also cause disruption to holiday plans, affect career paths, and cause financial losses. Those who are required to fly frequently on business could find themselves held back in their career or even out of a job because of their fear of flying.

Most people, if they were honest, would admit to feeling some jitters or nerves before take off or landing, or when experiencing turbulence. Some have a stronger reaction, perhaps exacerbated by an existing anxiety condition.

It’s no secret that many people make out their will before flying! We all know about the statistics that you are much more likely to be involved in a car accident than a plane crash, but for many this is little consolation.

It is normal for a lot of people to feel the urge to cancel their flights or holidays if there has been a recent problem with hijacking, terrorism, or a plane crash. Fear of flying is a valid condition which is recognized medically. The anxiety can be so bad that it can cause physical reactions such as panic attacks, sweating, trembling, palpitations, dizziness, intestinal problems, clammy hands and nausea. Blocked ears during descent can be a problem – especially for children – but there are simple techniques to alleviate this pain which can be learned; chewing gum can help.

Most people will know of someone who is afraid of flying. They may be unable to go on holiday abroad because of it, although for many people their desire for a holiday in the sun may eventually outweigh their fear! It is often a form of claustrophobia, combined with a lack of understanding of how an aircraft operates and stays in the air. Young mothers are one group who tend to be more susceptible because of their protective instincts towards their children.

If someone you know is afflicted, you could make a difference in their life by encouraging them to seek help. There are several independent companies, as well as major airlines, which offer courses to help people overcome their fear of flying. Virgin Atlantic offers a Flying without Fear programme. British Airways/Aviatours offers a one-day course. The course instructors include trained pilots and psychologists.

During the courses the various stages of flight and the noises associated with them are simulated. For example, the sound of aircraft engines powering up or down can cause fear that something is wrong or the plane is going to crash. The loud whirring and clunking noises of the wheels (landing gear) being lowered and locked into place can be very frightening for those who don’t understand what is happening. The courses may include relaxation techniques and end with an actual short flight where everything is explained as it occurs. Once a passenger has a basic understanding of the way an aircraft works the fears are usually greatly diminished. Other self-help methods are available such as books, DVDs, CDs and computer courses. Online support forums may be helpful for those who wish to share their thoughts and fears with other sufferers or hear from those who have found successful ways to cope.

Natural approaches, such as relaxation techniques and hypnosis can be very helpful. It’s worth checking if your GP would be willing to prescribe something to help you stay calm during a flight. It’s never a good idea to resort to drinking alcohol or taking sleeping tablets. Alcohol combined with the dehydrating effects of flying can make you feel even worse, and who wants to start their holiday in a groggy haze after taking sleeping pills!

Unfortunately, the bottom line is that travel insurance does not provide compensation for cancelled flights due to a fear of flying. The cancellation would be deemed ‘self-inflicted’ and you would find yourself personally liable for any financial losses. Therefore, if you want to be able to join your family and friends for holidays in the sun, it is never too late to obtain help for your fear of flying. One of the methods outlined in this article may hold the key to overcoming the fears and unlock many years of flying and happy holidays abroad!

Latent Homosexuality: Paranoid Delusions Rage and Anxiety

The discussion on latent homosexuality found its way into the public arena when the July 26 edition of MSNBC hyped Ann Coulter’s interview with host Donny Deutsch, which she said of former President Bill Clinton exhibts “some sort of latent homosexuality.” When Coulter was asked by the host if she was indeed calling Clinton a “latent homosexual,” Coulter replied, “Yeah.” “The level of rampant promiscuity by Clinton does show some level of latent homosexuality.” In support of her assessment, of Clinton, Coulter mentioned “passages” she had memorized from the Starr Report resulting from the investigation into the Monica Lewinsky controversy.

Latent homosexuality is an erotic tendency toward members of the same sex which is not consciously experienced or expressed in overt action. The term was originally proposed by Sigmund Freud. According to Freud, “latent” or “unconscious” homosexuality which derived from failure of the defense of repression and and sublimation permit or threaten emergence into consciousness of homosexual impulses, which give rise to conflict manifested in the appearance of symptoms. These symptoms include fear of being homosexual, dreams with manifest and “latent” homosexual content, conscious homosexual fantasies and impulses, homosexual panic, disturbance in heterosexual functioning, and passive-submissive responses to other males.

The Freudian position on latent homosexuality is summarized in this quotation by Karl Abraham: “In normal individuals the homosexual component of the sexual instinct undergoes sublimation. Between men, feelings of unity and friendship become divested of all sexuality. The man of normal feeling is repelled by any physical contact implying tenderness with another of his own sex. …Alcohol suspends these feelings. When they are drinking, men will fall upon one another’s necks and kiss each other … when sober, the same men will term such conduct effeminate. … The homosexual components which have been repressed and sublimated by the influences of education become unmistakably evident under the influence of alcohol.”

In keeping with this train of thoughts, it is not unusual for individuals who exhibit characteristics of latent homosexuality often find themselves drawn to ultra-masculine professions, such as policeman and fireman; to name a few. Many professional sports also serve as a magnet for latent homosexuals, especially the more violent and aggressive sports. The two sports boxing and wresting latent homosexuality is quite evident. And where many of the features involved in the act of intercourse between two lovers are present in the ring. For example, in both boxing and wrestling the participant hug, embrace, stroke the opponent’s sweaty and scantly-covered body like any couple engaged in sexual activities. Many psychoanalytically oriented psychotherapists postulate the theory that both the boxer and the wrestler experience profound rage and guilt for their exhibitionist conduct, and for giving in to their homosexual desires. Therefore, each participant is highly-motivated to punish each other, sometime ending in death, for gratifying the unconscious homosexual desire to embrace and make love to another man.

However, the term, latent homosexuality, as commonly used in clinical practice assumes psychological characteristics. It is important to stress that the term is not used in reference to overt homosexual who attempts to suppress his homosexuality and tries to lead a heterosexual life, it applies only to heterosexuals. Many writers and some researchers have questioned the validity of latent homosexuality on both theoretical and clinical grounds. Others have expressed the opinions that latent homosexuality has been a convenient psychopathological “catch-all” category in which many types pathology are assigned, often, with little or no relationship to homosexuality.

Many who questioned the term “latent homosexuality” were indeed skeptical of the “latency” concept. In an effort to put this concern to rest a group of scientific researchers headed by Irving Bieber published their conclusion in 1963 titled; Homosexuality. A Psychoanalytic Study: By Irving Bieber, et al. This study was very broad and extensive. Bieber and his associated proved beyond doubts that the “latency” concept was an appropriate criteria by which latent homosexuality is usually diagnosed.

However, more than four decades after the Bieber’s study was published skeptism about the vilidity of latent homosexuality is generating lively discussions in the public arena. The gladiators at the Freudian gate should know that help is on the way. A modern day version of Bieber and associates in the form of three psychologist: H. E. Adams, L. W. Wright, Jr., and B. A. Lohr, who conducted an experiment to test Freud’s hypothesis. The conclusion was published in the Journal of Abnormal Psychology 105 (1996), under the title, “Is Homophobia Associates with Homosexual Arousal?” The finding of this study concluded that those who exhabited the most hostile and negative attitudes towards homosexuals demonstrated the hightest level of sexual arousal when exposed to homosexual pornography. In others words, their homophobia was a “reaction formation” designed to protect them from their own internal homosexual desires.

Paranoid Delusions Since the publication of Freud’s analysis of the Schreber case in 1911 psychotherapists and psychoanalysts have accepted the theory that there is a strong connection between latent homosexuality and paranoid delusions. Freud provided a skillful exposition of the theory that paranoid delusions represent various means in which the paranoid individual denies his latent homosexual desires. Freud theory had been confirmed repeatedly in many clinical studies of every researcher who worked with paranoid clients. An intense homosexual conflict is always present in the male paranoiac and is clearly obvious in the individual’s history and clinical material in the early stage of the illness.


Hostility and discrimination against homosexual individuals are well-documented facts. Too often these negative attitudes end in verbal and physical acts of violence against homosexual individuals. In fact, upward of 90% of homosexual men and lesbians report being the subject of verbal abuse and threats, and better than one-third are survivors of violent attacks related to their homosexuality. These attitudes and behaviors toward homosexuals are labeled homophobia. Homophobia is defined as terror of being in close quarters with homosexual men and women, and an irrational fear, hatred, and intolerance by heterosexual individuals of homosexual men and lesbians.

Psychoanalysts use the concept of repressed or latent homosexuality to explain the emotional malaise and irrational attitudes exhibited by individuals who feel guilty about their erotic interests and struggle to deny and repress homosexual impulses. In fact, when these individuals are placed in a situation that threatens to excite their own unwanted homosexual thoughts, they may overreact with panic, anger, or even murderous rage. To better understand this rage I direct the reader to what happened on Jenny Jones show. On March 06, 1995, Scott Amedure (who’s openly gay) appeared with Jonathan Schmitz on Jenny Jones talk show. Amedure revealed that he had a secret affection for Schmitz. Schmitz was not flattered, rather, he felt embarrassed and humiliated; off camera Schmitz expressed anger and rage. Three days after the show Schmitz purchased a shotgun. He drove to Amedure’s trailer and shot him twice through the heart, killing him.

It is commonly agreed among most researchers that anxiety about homosexuality typically does not occur in individuals who are same-sex oriented, but usually involves individuals who are ostensibly heterosexual and have difficulty coming to term with their homosexual feelings and impulses.

Adams, H.E., Wright, L.W., and Lohr, B.A., Is Homophobia Associated with Homosexual Arousal?” Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 105 (1996): 440-445.

Bieber, Irving, et al. Homosexuality: A Psychoanalytic Study: Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 32:111-114.

Important Side Effects of Quitting Weed

Chronic weed use has been associated with many documented and undocumented effects on the human body. Smoking is the commonest way of marijuana consumption and since marijuana smoke is usually inhaled deep and retained for a significant amount of time, this can lead to chronic bronchial irritation. Apart from this feature the marijuana smoke contains over 400 different chemicals, some of which may be carcinogenic although concrete evidence linking marijuana use to cancer is lacking.

Apart from this marijuana use has been associated with memory loss, inability concentration, loss of motivation, infertility and cardiac problems. People with cardiac diseases should strictly avoid cannabis containing compounds.

Apart from this cannabis has also been associated with increased risk of psychosis in schizophrenics. Therefore quitting weed is definitely beneficial in the long run.

However quitting weed is complicated by the psychological dependence and withdrawal symptoms which one suffers from after quitting weed. Although these symptoms are usually mild and resolve within a few days, they can be better handles if people are aware about them. Therefore here are a few common withdrawal symptoms seen after quitting marijuana.

· Insomnia is common in the first 48-72 hours after stopping marijuana use. This will usually settle and exercise is a good way to combat insomnia. One should not turn to other intoxicants like alcohol to help sleep during this period.

· Anxiety and restlessness is very common in the first week after discontinuing chronic marijuana use. This usually manifests as mild tremors, frustration, irritation and increase heart rate. This also settles within the first week. Deep breathing, meditation and yoga can help deal with the anxiety and restlessness.

· Loss of appetite, feeling low, lack of energy and low mood are other common symptoms of withdrawal from cannabis. Exercise, creative pursuits and a strong social support are essential for overcoming these obstacles.

· Nightmares are also commonly seen in the immediate period after withdrawal from cannabis. The sleep is usually very disturbed and interrupted by these dreams and nightmares. The person may wake up feeling very tired.

· Flight of ideas and inability to concentrate are another frequent symptom of cannabis withdrawal. Inattentiveness is particularly common. Once again channelling ones energies into some creative pursuit can help overcome this problem.

· Yawning is a common symptom of cannabis withdrawal. Most chronic users of cannabis will have experienced this phenomenon where they start yawing a few hours after their last joint which is interpreted as sleepiness while it is actually a sign of cannabis withdrawal.

Teachers – Poetry For Children – Characteristics and Examples

I believe that one of the most important concepts about poetry is that, “Like a song, poetry is meant to be heard” (Larrick, 1987, p. 20). While good prose can either be read aloud or silently, poetry nearly always needs to be read aloud. That poetry needs to be heard can be attributed to the characteristics of poetry that distinguish poetry from prose, I.e., rhythm, sound patterns, figurativeness, compactness, and emotional intensity (Lukens, 1990). I will explore each of these in more depth, below:

An example that I often use when I am first teaching the attribute of rhythm to students is Carl Sandburg’s poem, “Was Ever a Dream A Drum?” [Be sure to read this aloud!]

Was ever a dream a drum

or a drum a dream?

Can a drummer drum a dream

or a dreamer dream a drum?

The drum in a dream

pounds loud to the dreamer.

Now the moon tonight over Indiana

is a fire-drum of a phantom dreamer.

Carl Sandburg in Hopkins, 1982

While reading it aloud, I bang on a desk or the book or my lap to make the sound of a drum beat that goes along with what I am reading. Then I read it again, only this time, the students pound out the rhythm on their own laps or desks.

“Was Ever a Dream a Drum” also can be used to demonstrate how poetry uses sound patterns, that is, words as sound. However, my favorite poem to use is “The Man in the Marmalade Hat Arrives,” from the Newbery Award-winning book by Nancy Willard, A Visit to William Blake’s Inn: Poems for Innocent and Experienced Travelers. Just the first stanza (read aloud, of course) gives you an idea of how Willard used sound patterns in this poem:

The man in the marmalade hat

arrived in the middle of March,

equipped with a bottle of starch

to straighten the bends in the road, he said.

He carried a bucket and mop.

A most incommodious load, he said,

and he asked for a room at the top.

Children ask to hear that poem over and over–so that they can play with the language of the poem. Just savor saying “a most incommodious load” several times–and you, too, will be hooked!

A third characteristic of poetry is the author’s use of words as meaning, I.e., figurativeness. Worth’s All the Small Poems book is filled with examples you can use for this characteristic. A wonderful specimen is her poem entitled “Safety Pin.” [You may want to have a safety pin to look at while you read and enjoy this poem!]

Closed, it sleeps

On its side


The silver


Of some

Small fish;

Opened, it snaps

Its tail out

Like a thin

Shrimp, and looks

At the sharp

Point with a

Surprised eye.

So much image… so few words!

… Which leads to the next characteristic that children need to know about poetry–its compactness. I once heard Virginia Hamilton, the author of young adult novels, exchanging views with her husband, poet Arnold Adoff, about which one of them had to work harder. The issue was whether it was more difficult to say what you want to say in 15,000 words… or in 15 words. The issue was not resolved, and probably never will be, but students can learn to appreciate the care with which a poet’s words are chosen. Lukens (1990) says,

The principal difference between prose and poetry is compactness. A single word in poetry says far more than a single word in prose; the connotations and images hint at, imply, and suggest other meanings. (p. 187).

Because poetry is so parsimonious with its words, each one carries a great deal of weight. With no pun intended, look at (and read aloud) part of the poem “ELEPHANT” by Barbara Juster Esbensen:

The word is too heavy

to lift…


He must have invented it

himself. This is a lumbering

gray word the ears of it

are huge and flap like loose

wings a word with

wrinkled knees and toes

like boxing gloves…

A poem that I often read to upper elementary and middle school students is from Arnold Adoff’s book Sports Pages. It illustrates the last characteristic of poetry that I will be discussing here: emotional intensity. One poem in this book tells about a boy who twisted his knee in a football game. The next poem begins this way:

My Knee Is Only Sprained,

is only swollen, and

the doctor says I will be

fine. I’ll play again.

He says this as he

sits on his padded

leather chair that

can swivel 360 de



why can’t knees?

Once children know about these characteristics of poetry (I.e., rhythm, sound patterns, figurativeness, compactness, and emotional intensity), they will enjoy the challenge of finding poems that exemplify one or more of the characteristics. Their appreciation of poetry is enhanced through their additional knowledge. They are ready to experience poetry more fully.

The Benefits of Fresh Juice

The biggest benefit of juicing is the ability to take in more vegetables than we could if we ate raw or cooked whole vegetables. It’s like condensing the fruit or vegetable and only eating the good bits. This is not strictly true because we are throwing away the fibre and protein from the plant.

Another benefit is the masking of unpleasant vegetables in amongst the pleasant ones. If you do not like a particular vegetable you can mask the taste by adding in vegetables or fruits that you do like. You can also spice them up a bit by adding a touch of ginger. Not too much. Ginger has many great health properties

No cooking or heat is used which would destroy certain nutrients. Because no heat is used in the process all the micro-nutrients are preserved, resulting in a more beneficial drink than eating the cooked ingredients.

Ease of absorption of the vitamins and minerals. The process of juicing breaks down the cell walls of the ingredients make the vitamins and minerals available to be absorbed without an further processing by the various digestive enzymes of the body. This means that they are absorbed a lot quicker and easier, with a greater amount per helping being absorbed.

Fruit and vegetables that are nearing the end of their shelf life can be used to juice, reducing the wastage of food. As the food gets older from sitting in the fridge or the shelf too long, so the food looks a little less appetising, it may be bruised as well. The overall goodness of the food is still fine it just no longer looks to great. The juicing process removes those visual, aesthetic problems and allows us to not waste food.

It is not possible to eat all the different fruits and vegetables that is recommended for our daily diet. Our stomachs are just not big enough. Juicing allows us to concentrate our fruit and vegetable intake by removing the fibre which would otherwise give us the feeling of being full. By mixing the various ingredients we increases our variety of fruits and vegetables we eat.

It is best to use organic vegetables where ever possible. I personally prefer to use organic products from a reputable source. I do not care about certain TV Doctor personalities who, I believe are being sponsored to promote or denigrate certain topics or points of view. Less chemicals can only be better for you. I am also very wary of genetically modified foods as well.

Drink immediately.

Because juicing is so time consuming we are tempted to juice in bulk and store some juice for later. This unfortunately is a very bad idea. The juice oxides very quickly as all the nutrients are ‘open’ to the environment, they are no longer protected by the fibre of the plant.

The damaged plant cells release enzymes which also cause the juice to ferment a lot faster.

If you wish to store the juice you need to vacuum pack it somehow. The removal of all the air will delay the process and the juice will last a little longer.

Store it in the fridge immediately.

Clean the juicer thoroughly.

This is essential. Because the graters are so fine it is easy to not clean them thoroughly. This will lead to mould and other unpleasant microbes colonising your ‘healthy’ juicer and turning it into a haven for disease.

Ovarian Cyst Pain Relief – 5 Tips on How to Get Rid of Your Cyst Naturally

Do you wish that you could make the pain from your ovarian cyst go away? Do you hate the fact that you cannot sleep because the pain hurts so much? Is it interfering with your job and your social life? Are you depressed because of it and you don’t know any other way out? If you feel like this at all, then you definitely need some help and you need some ovarian cyst pain relief.

It is true- ovarian cysts hurt and that is no lie. The reason is because they are tiny fluid filled sacs that nestle on your ovaries. This causes unruly amounts of pressure in your body and the more pressure that you feel, the more pain that is caused. A lot of women assume that the only remedy is to undergo surgery but you aren’t willing to take that route. You want some relief, but you don’t want to have to spend thousands of dollars to get it.

Luckily, there are 5 tips that you are going to learn today that will heal your pain and get rid of your ovarian cyst in no time at all.

The first tip is to start cutting things from your diet. Some of the foods that you are eating and some of the drinks that you are consuming are hurting your ovarian cyst more than you know. You need to cut out coffee from your diet if you want to get better. As well, now is the time to reduce your intake of red meat and switch to something leaner and healthier. These are two big changes that you need to make so you aren’t irritating your ovarian cyst.

The second tip is to exercise. Although this seems like the last thing you want to do, exercise can help to calm your body and eventually heal your ovarian cyst. By practicing pilates or yoga, you are promoting a healthier lifestyle and the healthier you are, the less you are going to feel your cyst.

Heat is a great way to reduce the pain immediately if it is becoming too much to handle. Applying heat to your lower abdomen gives you immediate relief so you can finally get 20-30 minutes of your day feeling good about yourself.

Another tip to heal your cyst naturally is take more vitamin C. You need your immune system to be up to par during this time of healing and the best way to insure that it is up to par is to take more vitamin C. This is perfect for your immune system and it is what you need if you want to get better and be healthier.

Finally, sipping on herbal tea will work wonders for your cyst. A little chamomile tea will work to break down the cyst and give you some pain relief also.

Use these tips today so you can finally get some ovarian cyst pain relief.