Pneumonia: Easy Steps to Control Lung Inflammation & AIDS


Pneumonia refers to lung inflammation. There are 50 such lung inflammatory ailments. During such situations, the lungs inevitably experience build up of fluids. Several micro-organisms cause pneumonia. Pneumonic inflammation of the lungs occurs due to collection of cellular wastes and blood cells within the air sacs within the lungs. Such pneumonic inflammation creates breathing problems.


Pneumonia is caused by infections. The culprits responsible for causing such pneumonic infections are protozoa or fungi, mycoplasma, rickettsia, and bacteria. Respiratory infections caused by rhinoviruses, adenoviruses, and influenza virus can also lead to pneumonia. Most of the viral pneumonia cases are mild. They also resolve within a week’s time with or without any particular treatment.


Every year, 90,000 deaths are reported to be because of pneumonia in the United States. What is more, approximately five million pneumonia cases are registered in that country.


If detected early, a person with a good constitution and proper treatment can recover quickly from an influenza bout. However, acute pneumonia attacks can be life threatening as well. More often than not, pneumonia can prove to be fatal to patients having weak immune systems. Even healthy persons can have complicacies if pneumonia is not detected early. There can be serious consequences if pneumonia patients fail to get effective and prompt treatment.


Lobar pneumonia is an acute form of infection. It is caused by the Pneumococcus bacterium. The generic name of this bacterium is Streptococcus pneumoniae. Lobar pneumonia usually follows an extreme form of viral respiratory infection, particularly of the upper respiratory tract. The symptoms of lobar pneumonia are chest pain during breathing, or cough and fever accompanied by chill and shaking. The patient’s body temperature hovers around 104° F (roughly 40° C). The sputum is blood streaked.

Notably, most of the deaths before the invention of antibiotics were due to lobar pneumonia. Lobar pneumonia generally attacks a lung lobe or a portion of it. At times, lobar pneumonia strikes both the lungs; then it is known as double pneumonia.


Besides the Streptococcus pneumoniae, the other bacterial pneumonias fall in the bronchopneumonias category. Bronchopneumonias fever is lower compared to the one experienced in Streptococcus pneumoniae. Moreover, bronchopneumonias symptoms appear slower than the Streptococcus pneumoniae signs. The bronchopneumonias primarily target the bronchial tubes known as the bronchioles. Since these small tubes are located nearest the lungs, they may become rather dangerous. The bacteria that can cause bronchopneumonias are streptococci, different types of staphylococci, Haemophilus influenzae, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and pneumococcus besides the bacterium causing the Legionnaires’ disease, namely Legionella pneumophilia.


There are basically three forms of pneumonia. They are atypical pneumonia caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae, a mono cell organism lacking nucleus; the pneumonia caused by the harmless protozoan Pneumocystis carinii; and Chlamydia pneumoniae.

Atypical pneumonia: This is a common type of pneumonia. Outbreaks of such forms of pneumonia are generally witnessed among students in educational institutions and also among soldiers. Normally, atypical pneumonia resolves by itself. However, antibiotics can also bring about relief. It is caused by a minute prokaryotic organism known as Mycoplasma pneumoniae. This single-celled micro organism is neither a virus nor a bacterium.

Pneumocystis carinii Pneumonia: This form of pneumonia is caused by the protozoan Pneumocystis carinii. This micro organism is usually harmless. Such pneumonic incidences are common among people suffering from impaired immune syndromes or also among many leukemia patients. This form of pneumonia has been the primary cause of deaths among people suffering from AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS).

Chlamydia pneumoniae: Chlamydia pneumoniae is a contagious ailment caused by the Chlamydia set of bacteria. Chlamydia pneumoniae affects the upper respiratory tract. Chlamydia pneumoniae infections can also strike the bronchitis, pneumonitis, and the pharyngitis. Chlamydia pneumoniae can also lead to heart attacks and coronary heart diseases. Besides Chlamydia pneumoniae, the other two species of Chlamydia bacteria are Chlamydia psittaci and Chlamydia trachomatis.


Chlamydia pneumoniae has been identified as the second main cause of pneumonia in US. Anybody between the ages of five to 35 can be affected by Chlamydia pneumoniae. The Chlamydia pneumoniae bouts are usually mild in nature. The Chlamydia pneumoniae symptoms are fever and cough. At times, there can be more sputum production. Sputum is a mixture of various mucus and saliva. It arises from the respiratory tracts.


The Chlamydia pneumoniae symptoms may not be very visible initially. Or, at times, the Chlamydia pneumoniae signs may also point to the other forms of Chlamydia dysfunctions. One type is the chlamydia type of illnesses caused by various strains of the trachomatis species. Another severe type of chlamydia disease is caused by a strain of the fly-borne Chlamydia trachomatis.


To diagnose Chlamydia pneumoniae infections, patients generally have to undergo various tests. These include cell cultures that exclude other illnesses with similar symptoms. The other ailments having similar symptoms are candidiasis, trichomoniasis, herpes, and gonorrhea. The modern method of diagnosing Chlamydia infections are immunoassays blood tests. These examinations pinpoint the specific antibody that may have been constituted by the patient’s immune system against chlamydia infection.

In 1939, major advances were made in pneumonia therapy. Their wider application lowered pneumonia from the third to the fifth leading cause of death in the USA.


More often than not, antibiotics effectively deal with the majority forms of bacterial pneumonia. For patients above 50 years, and for those suffering from the most acute types of pneumococcus, physicians generally recommend a vaccine. It also grants the people immunity against these virulent pneumonia states. The vaccine is further given as an immunity measure to patients who have chronic liver, lung or heart ailments.

10 Home Remedies for Persistent Cough That Really Work

Generally a cough caused by a cold lasts for several weeks but there are many things that can cause a persistent cough. Persistent caugh can can be a sign of a serious illness such as bronchitis, pneumonia, influenza and even lung cancer. Hence it is very important to understand the cause of a persistent cough  and seek remedies for the problem before it aggravates.

In order to  identify  the exact cause of a persistent cough, your doctor might choose to do a number of  tests like Chest X-ray and other radiological investigations. While obviously medical attention is, of course, the best way to eradicate the underlying cause of a persistent cough, there are plenty of things you can do at home to make yourself more comfortable. Here are some home remedies can soothe a persistent cough:

1. Honey  and Pepper

Take a tbsp of honey with some black pepper.  Take the above mixture 2-3 times in a day. You can also take a teaspoon of honey to prepare a solution with aa pinch of white pepper powder. Have this mixture at least 2-3 times in a day. This is very effective Home Remedy for Cough

2. Garlic

Eat garlic twice a day during winters. This gives relief from persistent cough and is the most simple and easy remedy.

3. Take a hot shower

Make it a long one and breathe in the steam. It will help to moisturize your throat.

4. Honey and Ginger

Mix 1 tsp honey with 1 tsp ginger juice, consume 2-3 times in a day. This is the most effective remedy for persistent cough.

5. Milk With Garlic

Crush some cloves and 3-4 garlic pods. Add this to a glass of milk and boil it, till the milk gets reduced to half.  Filter it and drink it at least twice a day, till your cough is cured. This remedy is better for nighttime before bed and should be used for a dry cough, not a cough where mucus is present.

6. Drink more water. This will clear excessive mucous and soothes the throat giving relef from cough.

7. Stop smoking and stay away from other smokers. The smoke will dry your throat more causing you to cough more.

8. Eat a lot of fruits, especially oranges, grape fruit, grapes, pears and apples, melons, peaches, and  pineapples.

9. Try a Bowl Steam

A larger version of the home remedy for cough mentioned above, simply fill a bowl with boiling water add 2 tablespoons of Vicks Vapor Rub and place your head over bowl with towel over your head to keep steam in. Breath deeply for a few minutes.  This will help to loosen any hardened mucous as well as promote its expulsion.

10. Rub Vicks salve or eucalyptus oil onto your chest to help break up the mucous more. This is one of the good home remedies for cough.

Smoking, The Reason To Quit

I had my first cigarette when I was eight years old. In those days, it was fashionable to smoke, my older brothers practiced the habit and, there was a certain distinction about a kid who could drag down a fag and not be violently ill.

Of course, smoking was purely a social recreation at that stage and hardly habitual, until I was older when it developed into a pack a day dependency. I continued to smoke for many years and while I was young, I suffered no apparent ill effects from indulging in the habit.

There were no serious health concerns for smokers then, the only negative statements come from older people, who did not smoke, and consisted of “smoking will stunt your growth”. This however, was not supported by the fact that a countless number of smokers where six feet plus tall.

As the years rolled by I developed a compulsive cough and was prone to regular bouts of bronchitis. My sense of smell was almost non existent, my appetite was poor and food was tasteless. Health concerns were brought home to me as my body became lethargic and any strenuous exertion left me breathless.

I made an attempt to cut down on my smoking, as I had done in the past, but I did not want to stop smoking, because I really enjoyed a cigarette. Naturally, my feeble attempts to “cut down” were not successful and my health started to deteriorate, noticeably.

The government of the day introduced an anti smoking campaign warning people of the health risks associated with smoking. Tobacco companies were required to put warning labels on cigarette packs and tobacco taxes were being raised at an alarming rate. This campaign was not sincere though, as it lacked the fortitude to totally ban the production of tobacco products.

Bronchitis was a constant affliction and bouts of ‘flu and pleurisy were becoming more regular. The health warnings were omnipresent and once again I considered cutting down the number of smokes that I had per day. This however, was not a sincere attempt to quit the habit, as I still really enjoyed a smoke.

The day came however, that I realized smoking tobacco was making me sick and if I continued to use the product I would become terminally ill. I awoke just after dawn as usual and savored the warmth and comfort of my bed for some time before I decided that I was breathing easily, felt good and looking forward to the daily chores. I put my feet on the floor and sat on the edge of the bed for a few minutes, I could here the rooster crowing and the animals stirring. All was well.

Then I stood up, and as I moved towards the wardrobe, I started to cough uncontrollably. I spent all of ten minutes with my head between my knees, coughing up copious amounts of phlegm and mucous garbage before I was able to attend to my toiletries and get dressed.

I went out and attended to my chores and the day passed as per usual, but for one exception, I did not take a smoke.

Finally, I had found the reason to give up smoking, that was, that it was making me sick. If I continued to smoke then the practice would kill me. I kept thinking of that day when I stood in my bedroom with my head between my knees, coughing incessantly, praying for release from this dreadful drug that possessed my body and mind.

Sure, I continued to cough for a while and I developed pseudo hunger pains that food could not satisfy but after two weeks I was in control. My sense of smell returned, I could actually taste my food, my hunger pains subsided, and in the morning, I could stand erect and breathe easily.

Tobacco is a drug and smoking tobacco is addictive. Quitting the habit takes a great degree of determination. What better reason is there to quit smoking, than for the sake of your health?

Chest Congestion Home Remedy

It has been observed that anyone who suffers from a dry cough or cold along with flu can suffer from chest congestion. In this state, the person finds it difficult to breathe due to excess mucus formation in the lungs. So, here are some home remedies to combat chest congestion and help you breathe easier.

Steam in considered to be quite effective in relieving chest congestion. All you need to do is inhale steam for around 10 minutes. You will experience immediate relief. This home remedy helps to loosen the mucus in the respiratory tract so that it drains out faster.

A hot bath or shower is also known to be helpful in fighting chest congestion. It is quite similar to steam inhalation as the steam during the bath or shower helps to loosen the mucus stuck in the respiratory tract.

Eucalyptus oils helps immensely, especially if the congestion is due to acute bronchitis. When doing steam inhalation, add around 3 to 4 drops of the oil into the water. It will soothe the sores throat muscles and help to make breathing easier.

Ginger is also quite effective, especially if the congestion is quite bad. In order to take ginger, boil some water, add around two pieces of fresh ginger and then add tea leaves. Allow the concoction to brew like normal tea, strain and drink.

Although it may sound strange, but spicy food is known to help with chest congestion. In order to loosen the mucus stuck in the respiratory tract, try eating food that has chili, black pepper or jalapeños.

Gargling with hot water laced with honey and lemon is also known to relieve the symptoms of chest congestion. You can also drink this concoction to get the same effect.

Besides all the above home remedies, it is also advisable to increase your fluid intake. Drink around 10 glasses of water and fresh fruit juice to get rid of the mucus.

Causes of Bronchitis

Bronchitis is as a result of inflammation of the medium sized airways also known as bronchi.  The symptoms include coughing, shortness of breath and wheezing.  The last two symptoms are as a result of blocking of the airways by mucous.  The treatment depends on the cause of bronchitis.  These include bacteria and viral pathogens.  These are the main causes.  Other causes are smoking and air pollution.

The viruses include influenza, adenoviridae and syncytial virus.  Most causes of bronchitis are viruses.  These will usually disappear on their own without any medication.  The ones caused by bacteria pathogens need to be treated using antibiotics.  Bronchitis caused by smoking can not be fully treated by drugs.  One has to stop smoking.  The tar smoked in builds up in the inside walls of the lungs.  This causes an irritation that can lead to bronchitis

Over the counter antihistamines are discouraged.  The antihistamines thicken mucous making it difficult to expel from the lungs.  Treatment of bronchitis can include expectorant cough syrup.  This expels harmful bacteria from the lungs.  The syrup should not be mixed with the antihistamines as this renders it powerless.

Causes of bronchitis should be well diagnosed.  This will make its recurrence difficult. It will also ensure that the correct treatment is administered.  If the symptoms last for more than a month, a doctor should be consulted again to rule out any other problems. This will also help in knowing exactly what the cause is and to give the right medication early enough.

Infectious Bronchitis

Infectious bronchitis can either be caused by bacteria or virus pathogens. This can take place when a healthy person comes into contact with a sick person. The pathogens are usually carried in the sputum. Handling the sputum or clothes of a sick person can pass the disease. One should be careful around a sick person. Bronchitis can occur after an attack of cold or flu.

In other cases, it just happens on its own. One starts experiencing a dry cough that can even wake one up at night. After a few days, the dry cough turns into a productive one. Other symptoms include fever, headaches and fatigue. Sometimes wheezing and shortness of breathe can be, experienced. This is as a result of blockage of the airways by the phlegm. These symptoms usually disappear after a few days. The cough sometimes can last for several weeks.

Infectious bronchitis can be treated using a number of methods. These methods vary according to the cause of the infection. Infectious bronchitis caused by viral pathogens usually disappear on their own after a few days. Those caused by bacterial pathogens can be treated using antibiotics. Expectorants cough syrup may also be used. This makes the harmful bacteria to be expelled out of the lungs.

Antihistamines should not be used. These cause the mucous to thicken and it is difficult to expel it out of the lungs. Anti histamines used with the expectorant cough syrup reader it powerless. If the cough lasts for more than a month, more diagnosis is needed.

Teeth Clenching & TMJ

Teeth clenching and TMJ often go hand in hand, with teeth clenching and grinding often being one of the main causes of the TMJ disorder– and with many treatments of TMJ concentrating on remedying the this problem.

Teeth clenching associated with TMJ, also known as bruxism, is defined as the patient deliberately or forcefully grinding the teeth as a result of stress, anger, or frustration; it may be deliberate or habitual, and may occur in the sleep as well. The primary muscle involved in teeth grinding is the masseter muscle, which is one of the strongest muscles in the body, and can have up to 150 pounds of force; this force is meant to be applied to food or whatever object is between the teeth, and not to the actual teeth itself, as this can be destructive and greatly alter the alignment and shape of the mouth.

Teeth clenching and grinding causing TMJ can be even more destructive if it is done habitually, unconsciously, or while someone is asleep than if it is done deliberately, or when the patient is consciously aware of it. Teeth grinding will wear down the tooth enamel and flatten the tooth, creating an uneven bite; it may also cause loose teeth, which will cause all teeth to possibly shift and alter the bite as well. As such, addressing and fixing the habitualness as well as stress which contribute to this problem (if applicable to the patient’s cause of TMJ) is crucial to the treatment of this disorder.

Although there are a number of cures and treatments for TMJ, the following are a number of specialized treatments aimed specifically at treating the teeth clenching and grinding that is causing the TMJ:

1. Biofeedback device: these devices are made specifically for teeth clenching and TMJ, and are worn at night as headbands around the head, and contain a complex system of biofeedback sensors which can sense when the person is grinding or clenching the teeth; when it senses the person is grinding the teeth it emits a gentle alarm which stops the teeth grinding process.

2. Massage of the masseter muscle: massaging the masseter muscle may help to relax the jaw and release the pressure. The spot to focus on during this exercise is conveniently located in a notch in the cheekbone, about one inch in front of your ears.

3. Specialized mouth guards: these are not purchased through drugstores but must be custom made by a dentist specializing in neuromuscular dentistry.

4. Special advice to the patient to pay close and careful attention when they eat, and specifically how they chew. A patient should be advised not to not eat hurriedly, during which a patient may inadvertently and unconsciously chew the food repeatedly and with great pressure, and also avoid eating in front of the tv/reading as this may lead to unconscious eating habits. The patient should also be advised not to eat hard foods that may require excessive chewing, not to chew any food excessively, and to not chew food to the point where the teeth grind together.

5. General stress and anger management techniques-these may include yoga, daily exercise, stress management classes, biofeedback and other relaxation techniques, and meditation.

The Clinical Name For Acne

The medical profession seems to delight in giving long and mostly unpronounceable names to human disorders. For example; a broken collarbone is a “fractured clavicle.” Somehow the names that doctors give to all human disorders make them sound worse and a lot more complicated than they actually are.

Acne is no different, of course. The correct medical name for just plain old garden variety acne is “acne vulgaris.” That sounds really gross, doesn’t it? The word “vulgaris” does NOT mean that the acne is vulgar. Vulgaris is a doctor word that means “common.”

Acne is a very, very common disorder that affects about 95% of all American teenagers to some degree. The large number of a particular age group makes it a “common” ailment rather than a “rare” ailment.

A lot of factors contribute to acne over which one has no control at all. For example, heredity is one of the major factors that determine who will get acne and to what degree. If one parent had acne, then your chances are double those of the general population. If both parents had it, your chances are doubled again. There’s nothing you can do about your genes.

Your age is another factor that contributes to your likelihood of getting acne. If you are between 12 and 20, your odds are high. There’s no way we’ve ever figured out to just skip these years.

There’s nothing you can do about your hormones, either, and they are another major contributing factor for acne. Child bodies must become adult bodies. Hormones are thrown into disarray as the process happens. The good news is that it doesn’t last forever. Most acne simply disappears in a person’s early 20s.

Hip Replacement Surgery Complication In India At Affordable Low Cost

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 Hip Replacement Complications


Close to 200,000 hip replacement surgeries are performed each year in the United States. Over 90% are successful with no hip replacement complications during or after surgery. But as with all surgeries, the risk of complications is always a possibility. However, complications are infrequent and often reversible.

The older the person is the higher the risk of complications. A person over 80 years old has a 20% chance of developing at least one complication after hip replacement surgery…

Hip replacement complications during surgery

Nerve damage : –

The sciatic nerve is at risk of being accidentally surgically cut due to its close proximity to the capsule of the hip joint. This same nerve may also become over-stretched during hip manipulation during surgery….

Vascular damage : –

The damage involves direct trauma to the blood vessels in the area of the surgery. The damaged blood vessel can be repaired by a vascular surgeon if it is caught in time….

Femur fracture : –

Force is applied during the surgical procedure. This can result in a femoral shaft fracture, especially in older or osteoporotic patients. Again, the problem is addressed during surgery, but may lead to extended rehabilitation. The surgeon may place weight bearing restrictions while you are walking…

Leg length discrepancy : –

In some cases, it may be difficult to get the exact same leg lengths. The result is usually a longer leg on the surgical hip. It may be unavoidable and deliberate in order to improve muscle function or stabilize the hip. If there is more than a quarter of an inch difference, a shoe lift may be necessary…

Anesthetic complications : –

Complications can occur, and in rare cases even death. Your anesthesiologist will explain the risks involved prior to your surgery…

Hip replacement complications after surgery

Blood clots (DVT-deep vein thrombosis) : –

This is one of the most common complications after hip replacement. The most common area is in the calf. Increased leg pain is usually the most obvious symptom. Redness around the area of the clots may also occur. It’s a minor problem if the clots stay in the leg. But if they dislodge, they can reach the lungs (pulmonary embolism) and can possibly result in death (very rarely)…

Infection : –

Infection can occur during surgery or develop afterwards. It is one of the most serious risks to the joint replacement. If the infection settles deep into the joint and surrounding tissues, the new joint often has to be removed until the infection clears with treatment. If the patient develops an infection elsewhere in the body (bladder, teeth, chest), it must be controlled to prevent the possibility of it spreading through the blood to the new joint…

Hip dislocation : –

The first six weeks after hip replacement is the most vulnerable time for your new hip. During this period, muscle tension is the only thing holding the metal ball in the socket. If the metal ball slips out of the socket, it’s dislocated. As the hip muscles regain their strength and scar tissue forms around the ball, the risk of hip dislocation diminishes…

Traditional hip replacement requires that certain precautions be taken and some positions/movements are restricted, at least for the first 6 weeks. Your surgeon and physical therapist will instruct you in your hip precautions. Basically, the..

precautions are : –

Do not turn your toes inward
Do not cross you legs
Do not bend your hip more than 60-90 degrees (when sitting, your knee should not Be level with your hip, it should be lower)

Trochanteric problems : –

Your greater trochanter, a large boney part of your femur, is located below and to the outside of the ball of your hip joint. Many of your large hip muscles anchor on the trochanter, so it’s essential for normal hip function…

Bowel complications : –

Constipation frequently occurs for the first week or so after surgery. This can be caused by medication, immobility, loss of appetite, not drinking enough fluids. Stool softeners or enemas may be needed…

Urinary problems : –

A catheter may be inserted during surgery. Your doctor will order its removal as soon as is practical, as catheters pose an increased risk of urinary infection…

Hematoma formation : –

During surgery, the main areas of bleeding are controlled by cauterization. But some oozing of blood and fluids still occurs, so a drain is attached from the wound to the outside of the body. If the drain does not work as planned, a collection of blood and fluids forms in the hip area. This can cause pain, pressure, and possible infection. Your surgeon may take you back to surgery to drain the hematoma…

Loosening of the prosthesis : –

The harder your bones are, the longer your hip replacement will last. Hard bones create a stronger bond. People with rheumatoid arthritis and osteoporosis are more at risk….

Pressure sores : –

In the immediate days after your hip replacement, you may be spending quite a bit more time in bed. Spending a long period of time in one position can lead to pressure sores. Your heels, especially on your surgery leg, are very susceptible. A pillow or towel roll under your calves will float your heels and relieve pressure…

Blood transfusion complications : –

All blood intended for use in transfusions is screened for Hepatitis B virus, Hepatitis C virus, syphilis, Human T Cell Leukemia virus, and the AIDS virus. But infections still occur…

About hip revision surgery : –

Most people who undergo hip replacement surgery will never need to replace their artificial joint. But because more and more people are having hip replacements at a younger age, the wearing away of the joint surface can create problems…

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Common Cerebral Palsy Symptoms and Conditions

Cerebral palsy symptoms come in different degrees of severity. Medical professionals are not quite sure the cause of this debilitating disease. Individuals are either born with the condition or they develop it later on in life but usually before the age of three. For individuals with a family history of cerebral palsy, doctors will test a baby for symptoms. This is unfortunately a severe disease without a current cure.

Cerebral palsy symptoms come in a variety of forms. Most of them involve lack of muscle control. An individual with cerebral palsy may have difficulty walking, talking, controlling their movement and they may suffer brain damage. Not all sufferers of this condition experience reduce intelligence but many do and end up functioning at a lower level of intelligence.

The loss of muscle control is a major symptom of this disease. Individuals may end up not being able to walk or experience great difficulty walking. They may be confined to a wheel chair or they may need crutches to assist them with their walking. Skeleton deformities will result in the individual appearing crooked. Balancing on their own is usually not possible.

Walking is greatly impaired, some cases are more profound than others. The injury to the brain will determine how much mobility the individual will have. Some symptoms include paralysis on only one side of the body. This has to do with the location of the brain injury. If it is on the right side of the brain then the left side of the body will be immobilized.

Newborns that enter the world with cerebral palsy will have a long road of suffering ahead of them. The muscle and skeletal damage will make their lives very difficult. Sometimes the symptoms get worse as they age. Some babies are born seemingly healthy and then will develop the symptoms a few months later. This is especially damaging for parents that thought they had a healthy baby.

There are so many other cerebral palsy symptoms, each one greatly affects an individuals quality of life. Depending on the severity of the symptoms, some individuals with the condition manage to get around better than others. Some of the symptoms can also affect how an individual speaks. Speech patterns are negatively affected once they lose control of their muscle function.

Tremors and spasms are unfortunate results of this disease. The joints and muscles do not function properly. The spasms can be very severe making normal movement impossible. Muscle control can also be lost in the mouth and tongue. This makes talking, eating and drinking very difficult.

Cerebral palsy symptoms range in level of severity but unfortunately mild cases may develop into more serious cases over a period of time. Other symptoms can include dental, hearing and visual problems. When the muscle damage to the nerves is around the mouth, this may cause trouble swallowing. It can also result in excessive drooling. This terrible disease does not have a cure. Doctors do prescribe certain medications to help those with this condition to better manage their movements and spasms. But none of these are permanent solutions but studies on the disease are still under investigation.

Sleep Paralysis Causes – Top Author Opens Up About Why Your SP Keeps Recurring

If you are looking at sleep paralysis causes they can all be linked to one event. That is the sudden interruption of sleep during a period in which someone was having a dream. The differences then arise as you look at what can cause a sudden interruption to the body’s state of sleep. The reason it occurs if a person was dreaming is the accompanying disorientation of trying to figure out what is real and what is not.

Sleep paralysis is the body’s way of keeping you from taking action to things that are taking place in a dream. There are many things that have been identified as causes of this condition. Like I said before anything that will interfere with the body during a normal sleeping cycle can cause paralysis. It would be interesting to know that it’s more common in people who sleep facing upwards on their backs.

Alcohol, tobacco and caffeine are known stimulants that will affect your sleep. Avoid taking them just before you got to sleep. When you go to sleep try and be relaxed, being tense and stressful will likely trigger the paralysis. Not keeping a regular sleeping timetable is also another of the known sleep paralysis causes. Try and maintain constant times for waking up and going to sleep.

While some people think it’s a good idea to sleep with the lights, radio or TV on; these are same things that cause you to be drifting in and out of sleep and increase the chances of you getting an attack.

It maybe true that by avoiding sleep paralysis causes you can avoid the attacks, there are also other more intelligent ways you can get rid of this problem and never have to be conscious about so many things. I am not talking about meditation or yoga either, but tried and proven techniques that have worked for others.

Osteoporosis – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Basically, osteoporosis means porous bones. In the Greek it translates as “passages through bones.” (This makes perfect sense if you look at the images of osteoporotic bone as opposed to normal bone.) Osteoporosis is a silent disease in that there is no physical sensation associated with it. Some people experience back, neck, or joint pain with fractures, but most do not. Even so, Americans experience 1.5 million osteoporotic fractures per year.

Causes of Osteoporosis

Causes of osteoporosis are heredity and lifestyle. Whites and Asians, tall and thin women and those with a history of osteoporosis are those at the highest risk of getting osteoporosis. The behavioral causes of increasing the risk of osteoporosis are smoking, alcohol abuse, prolonged inactivity and a diet low in calcium. There are also some diseases that are associated with aging that cause osteoporosis, which include kidney failure, liver disease, cancers, Paget´s disease, endocrine or glandular diseases, gonadal failure and rheumatoid arthritis. There are some medications like steroids, seizure drugs, thyroid hormone and blood thinners that are also found to cause osteoporosis.

Symptoms of Osteoporosis

In the beginning of the disease no symptoms of the disease are seen because osteoporosis doesn’t cause symptoms unless bone fractures. Some osteoporosis fractures may escape detection until years later. Patient may not be aware of the disease until they experience painful fracture. Typical osteoporosis fractures occur in hip, vertebral column and wrist. These type of fractures can cause acute radiculopathic pains in the back. Multiple vertebral fractures can cause loss of height and defect in posture.

Back pain, which can be severe if you have a fractured or collapsed vertebra.

Loss of height over time, with an accompanying stooped posture.

Having Osteoporosis symptoms means that your bones will become very brittle and that without to much effort your bones will break or fracture. A simple fall or a knock can break things like your leg bones, hip bones, and wrist bones.

Osteoporosis symptoms are usually very hard to detect and in most cases the first you will know about whether you have Osteoporosis or not is when you end up in hospital due to a broken or fractured bone.

Treatment of Osteoporosis

Treatment for osteoporosis is hormone replacement therapy, where drugs are used to restore estrogen and progesterone levels that are lost due to menopause. However, it should be remembered that long-term use of HRT is associated with an increased risk of breast cancer, heart disease and stroke. Calcitonin is another hormone that breaks down a bone; its supplements are injected for treatment of osteoporosis. Biphosphates are injected as a treatment to decrease the effects of osteoclasts, which leads to less bone breaking down, without a decrease in bone density. This is ideally taken daily, once a week or once monthly. Those past menopause who do not take HRT take an oral medication of Raloxifene, which acts like estrogen in some parts of the body without actually causing a general estrogen effect.

Information On Hiatus Hernias

The hiatus hernia is the partial drift of the stomach through the diaphragmatic muscle isolating the abdomen from the thorax. The only symptoms are often chest pains and heartburn; in severe cases an operation is available but in moderate cases the condition can be deled with drugs.

The stomach usually goes up into the chest by the esophageal hole which is the weakest point between abdomen and chest cavity. There are two most common types of hiatus hernia: one occurs when the upper sphincter binding esophagus and stomach slides up through the diaphragm and the other when a part of the stomach gets into the chest beside the esophagus.

Risk factors for hiatus hernias are smoking, age over 50, obesity and pregnancy. The age weakens the diaphragm, coughing due to smoke and overweight increase the pressure inside the abdomen. Rarely a congenital hiatus hernia occurs when the diaphragm or the stomach have not developed correctly during the intra uterine life.

Refined hernial symptoms are burning sensations oa feeling of warmth both called heartburn and caused by the reflux of the acid gastric content into the esophagus. If symptoms persist and get worse in time, the condition is called gastroesophageal reflux disease. This hernia can also cause pain and discomfort behind the sternum and mime a heart attack.

Hiatus hernia symptoms usually get worse after eating, drinking coffee or hot drinks, and lying down or binding forward. Spicy foods will generate burnings as well. All these symptoms are more likely to be caused by indigestion so certain diagnose of hiatus hernia can only be established after several testing.

Occasionally, hiatus hernias can lead to severe complication due to the acid reflux into the lower part of the esophagus. Acid damages can produce an ulceration of the esophageal layers in time and pain, burning sensations will worsen. Bleeding ulcers can cause patients to vomit blood. Immediate medical consult is required to stop the bleeding. Bleeding ulcers also lead to anemia and the body is in lack of sufficient red blood cells to support a healthy oxygenation.

When healing, esophageal ulcers can cause strictures; this will lead to regurgitation and difficult, painful swallowing.

The hiatus hernia increases the risk of Barrett esophagus, a pre-malign stage when the outer layer cells change their anatomy and function. Persons with gastroesophageal reflux are more likely to develop esophageal cancer.

All patients with indigestion symptoms must be seen by a gastroenterologist and undergo a barium X-ray that can detect a hiatus hernia and an endoscopy with a long telescope introduced into the abdomen.

Falling On Ice: Injury Care And Prevention

It is important to be aware of the fact that winter weather brings with it the risk of falls. People can injure their hips and backs by falling on ice. Injuries range from pulled muscles to structural problems like herniated discs and joint misplacement. Learn how to care for fall-related injuries and how to prevent them in the future.

Fall-Related Injuries

You’ve just slipped on the ice and you feel sudden muscular pain. Even if you caught yourself mid-slip, you may still have pulled a muscle. Muscles surrounding your spine work to stabilize it by engaging before we move. When you make a sudden movement, such as when falling, the muscles don’t have time to preemptively engage. They tense suddenly, and this knee-jerk action can result in strain. It is also possible to injure hip and gluteal muscles, particularly if you fall on your bottom. Muscle strain causes sharp pain that is exacerbated when you move or use the muscle. The affected muscle will likely be tender to the touch as well.

Falls are the main cause of tailbone injuries. It is possible to fracture, bruise or dislocate this bone at the base of your spine by falling on it. Tailbone injuries cause severe pain at the tailbone, pain when sitting and pain when having a bowel movement.

Another possible site of injury when falling is one or both sacroiliac (SI) joints. These joints are located where the large hip bones (ilia) connect to the sacrum at the base of the spine on each side of the body. These joints typically allow for very little movement. A fall can jar the joint or joints out of place, either causing them to lock up or to dislodge and become hypermobile. If you injure this area, you will likely feel sharp pain at the joint/s and exacerbated pain when you put weight on the leg on the affected joint’s side. Moving the leg laterally can also be particularly painful. Pain may radiate down the buttocks and thigh, especially if inflammation surrounding the joint is irritating the sciatic nerve that runs nearby.

It is also possible that a hard fall can jar the spine to the point of causing disc damage or spinal joint dislocation. This is particularly of concern for people who already have structural problems in the spine.


The typical care approach for muscle strain is ice, rest and gentle stretching. Depending on the severity of the strain, muscles may take anywhere from a few days to a few weeks to heal.

Tailbone injuries also require icing to reduce inflammation. Ice for 20 minutes at a time up to 4 times a day. Avoid sitting when possible; when you must sit, alternate your weight from one buttock cheek to the other and lean forward slightly (at the hips, not the back) to take pressure off the tailbone. Taking over-the-counter medication as directed to manage pain and inflammation is often helpful. Generally, tailbone injuries heal within a few weeks. Rarely, chronic pain results and surgery is required.

Icing the sacroiliac joint to limit inflammation after a traumatic injury can help relieve pain. It is important to modify activities so you don’t overload the joint as it heals, but also to keep active. Prolonged rest can cause the joint to become stiff and the surrounding muscles and ligaments to grow weak. If pain persists beyond a few weeks, it is a good idea to see a chiropractor, osteopath and/or physical therapist. A chiropractor or osteopath can be helpful if the joint needs realigning. A physical therapist can help you strengthen the area surrounding the joint, providing it with support.

While disc injuries sometimes heal on their own, a misaligned vertebra will likely require chiropractic or osteopathic manipulation combined with exercise therapy. If pain persists more than a few weeks after a fall, consider the possibility that you have a spinal problem.


The best way to prevent falls on ice is to increase the amount of traction you have on it. While good quality snow boots have some traction built into them, the best way to prevent falls is to invest in a pair of ice cleats that attach to your normal footwear. These are available in many forms. Yaktrax are perhaps the most popular brand, featuring an elastic net coiled with wire that stretches across the bottom of your footwear. Other designs feature a varied number of studs or spikes across the bottom that attach to the boot like Yaktrax. Some brands feature a velcro strap or two to secure the device to your shoe. Prices for cleats range from $10.00 to $80.00. Read customer reviews on sites like to help you decide what type of cleat is right for you.

Falling on ice can cause an array of injuries. Care for your body by preventing falls this winter.

How Can Baclofen Help Multiple Sclerosis and Cerebral Palsy?

Baclofen seeing Multiple Sclerosis

Baclofen was first used to treat people with epileptic symptoms significance the early 20th century. Though that experiment failed, doctors found that the drug acted in that an effort relaxant and it also led to decrease dominion spasticity.

Muscle Disorders

These are two different functions so let’s strike each one and the role drugs luxuriate in Baclofen play.

As the term suggests, a muscle relaxant essentially relaxes the muscles of the body. Drugs that consummate the business on the central nervous system, which controls indeed of the body’s movement now well as the function of many of our private organs and systems.

They are also prescribed to decrease touch and soreness that result from various types of pressure injury and soreness. These are relatively mild drugs and are called skeletal might relaxants.

Most of these are available in lozenge form
A more loaded muscle relaxant is the group of drugs that fulfill as neuromuscular blockers. Owing to instance, these are used during surgery to stir general anesthesia or consequently a tube, catheter or endoscope is inserted into the body.

These muscle relaxants are administered intravenously and include drugs such as succinylcholine, atracurium, besides pancuronium.

Drugs like Baclofen are generating to be immensely effective hold the treatment of spasticity. In medical terms, this is besides called potent hypertonicity, which is a disease of the central enthusiastic system.
This is a result of astray messaging. Certain muscles hold signals from the central excited figure that tells them to contract when not necessary. This affects coordination and muscle tone is also affected.

Eventually, though overuse, these muscles ripe stiff and this affects the nearing one walks and evens one’s speech.

Baclofen & Cerebral Palsy

Drugs fancy Baclofen reduce spasticity of muscles that arises in further than unaccompanied neuromuscular disorder. This includes two widely probably conditions – multiple sclerosis and logical palsy. Both verdicts form damage to the basal ganglia of the brain.

Basal ganglia are a group of cells in the head that are linked to the cerebral cortex, the thalamus and the brain stem further are danger some to motor composition.

There are many types of analytical palsy but the frequent and central facet is that they make clear involve depletion of proper muscular make-up that affects speech and movement.

This sickness develops in the fetal stage through in truth as proximate birth ropes some cases. It has no cure but Baclofen is used to treat this kind of problems, which reduce the fervor of its symptoms.
Cerebral palsy patients also experience disturbances in sensation, perception, also in their thought processes.

Baclofen & Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis is the unlike disease that benefits from the prescription of Baclofen. This is basically a disease where the brain and spinal leash are unable to effectively make clear with each other.

This is an autoimmune disease, which means the body’s immune system attacks itself. In this case, the sheaths of the nerve cells are under attack in these areas of the nervous system.

As is the case juice cerebral palsy, muscular and motor management are badly affected. With drugs savor Baclofen, serious diseases answerability body controlled.

Side Effects:

Baclofen can cause side effects that may impair your suspicion or reactions. Be careful if you drive or do contrivance that requires you to be knowing and devil-may-care. Avoid drinking alcohol. Palpable can increase some of the aspect effects of baclofen. Do not use baclofen at a case when sinew tone is needed to assure safe balance and movement for certain activities. In some situations, valid may endanger your heartfelt safety to be in a state of reduced muscle tone.

You may have withdrawal symptoms such as seizures or hallucinations, when you destroy using baclofen after using it over a desire period of time. Earn not stop using this medication suddenly cast away first talking to your doctor. You may need to use less and less before you stop the medication completely.