Asthma: Symptoms, Treatment and Management of Asthma

Asthma is a common chronic inflammatory disease of the airways characterized by variable and recurring symptoms, airflow obstruction, and bronchospasm. Symptoms include wheezing, coughing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath.

Although asthma is a chronic obstructive condition, it is not considered as a part of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease as this term refers specifically to combinations of bronchiectasis, chronic bronchitis, and emphysema. Unlike these diseases, the airway obstruction in asthma is usually reversible; however, if left untreated, asthma can result in chronic inflammation of the lungs and irreversible obstruction. In contrast to emphysema, asthma affects the bronchi, not the alveoli. Public attention in the developed world has increased recently because of its rapidly increasing prevalence, affecting up to one quarter of urban children.

There are more than 40 million people suffering form asthma in India, 300 million the world over, and one cause of death in 250 million people. And there is no age limit to the people who suffer form people, a kid as well as elderly person anyone can be infected by Asthma. Let us try and understand this disease a little better.

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Signs & Symptoms of Asthma

  • Breathlessness
  • Sweat all over body
  • Breath taking becomes difficult
  • Difficulty in sleeping
  • Chest pain

Causes of Asthma

  • Allergy
  • Hereditary or family history
  • Dust in congested places
  • Likely to occur in seasonal changes

Precautions to be taken for Asthma

  • Keep you surrounding clean
  • Take care while going to cold places during summer season or vice versa
  • Keep your clothing and bed clean.
  • Carry an inhaler always with you, no need to be shy

Managment of Asthma

  • Be educated about the disease, help asthma patient create a self management plan to avoid frequent visit to the physician
  • Inhalers are important to carry, there are few people who are embarrassed to carry inhalers at public places, get one thing inhalers can save you breath during attack

(the author writes for Health Veda)