Contrary to common belief, ovarian cysts during pregnancy pose no major health problems to women. The fact is of the matter is, it is quite a common occurrence among pregnant women. Moreover, there have not been many recorded occasions when symptoms hampered normal pregnancy.
Ovarian cysts occur at a rate of 1 in every 1,000 pregnancies and only 1 in 25,000 will develop ovarian cancer. This means that most cysts are harmless. Benign cysts are thinly walled and filled with harmless fluid and will not pose dangers unless they grow to uncomfortable proportions and rupture. Since the condition seldom impede normal pregnancy, doctors, in a lot of cases, will just maintain close surveillance and wait for the cysts to go away. Most cysts are known to leave as quickly as they appeared.
A ruptured ovarian cyst is the most dangerous thing that can happen to pregnant women, except when the cysts are cancerous. The pain is intense enough to cause early labor or miscarriage. Thankfully, anesthesia and other pain relievers do not have harmful side effects and can be used to ease the pain. Also, the fluids coming from the burst cysts are not a source of infection. Even then, doctors must be alert on possible complications resulting from untimely labor and delivery.
Drastic action from doctors is required when cysts that grow on stems become twisted, causing excruciating pain. Most of the time, they have to be surgically removed. Cysts 6 cm to 8 cm in size will exert pressure on the other organs of the body, particularly the bladder and bowels. Cysts these large are also most likely to burst. Doctors usually will have them removed to pre-empt rupture.
Some of the symptoms of ovarian cyst are very similar to pregnancy. Doctors always want to make sure that all the discomforts experienced by pregnant women are, in fact, due to pregnancy and not ovarian cysts. Most women can have ovarian cysts and may not even be aware of them, which is understandable since seldom are there symptoms. In pregnant women, however, doctors will be extra careful and make sure that the abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and queasiness are solely the result of pregnancy and not of ovarian cysts that are malignant, have grown too big, or are on the brink of rupture. It is through examinations related to pregnancy that ovarian cysts are sometimes detected as well.
When a pregnant woman is found to have ovarian cysts, doctors will order an ultrasound along with other tests just to make sure that the cysts are not malignant. But there is actually nothing much too fear. Ovarian cysts during pregnancy are overwhelmingly benign and in extreme cases where rupture occurs, effective remedies are available.