Today, we are under the spell of anxiety and panic attacks. If a survey were conducted, “I am so worried” would probably come out to be the most often used phrase. Pressure of one’s career as well as relationship woes, one’s natural bent of mind, one’s private experiences – these are the major causes that have made anxiety the multi-layered problem of today.
Our world is becoming more and more complicated with every passing and day and its constituents are becoming more so. Of these thousands of billions of components, anyone can be the causative agent of adrenaline overflow in the body and the onset of panic attack – to pinpoint this agent is like looking for a needle in a haystack. Yes, it is none other than the emergency hormone ‘Adrenaline’ or ‘Epinephrine’ that is responsible for setting into motion the symptoms of panic attack. Symptoms like sudden palpitations, stomach aches, dizziness, nausea and even micturition can together form the onset of panic attack. Many people all over the world are suffering from anxiety and panic disorders. These people have bouts of extreme fear and trauma for periods of one to ten minutes during which their blood pressures and pulses go out of control. It may even appear as if the patient is having a cardiac seizure.
To get suitable panic disorder treatment is very important. Probably when juxtaposed with other maladies, anxiety disorder may not appear to be as traumatic, but its severity is an accepted fact. If it is not properly treated while there is still time, it may end up preventing the patient from having normalcy in his life. Sometimes the patient may even require urgent attention of the doctor or a dose of anxiety disorder medication which if not given, might even lead to his death or permanent disability.
Most medications fall under following categories:
*Benzodiazepines – alprazolam, clonzepam, diazepam
*Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors – paroxetine, sertraline, fluvoxamine
*Serotonin Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors – Venlafaxine, Tramadol
*Tricyclic Antidepressants – Amitriptyline, Trimipramine
However, these drugs often provide symptomatic treatment only, and most of them come with a host of dangerous side effects. For instance, benzodiazepines are open to abuse, can be habit forming and may cause withdrawal symptoms if intake is ceased abruptly. Hence, medicines alone cannot be used as the only mode of treatment – they serve only as a part of the entire therapeutic regime.
Another option for the patient is to seek an appointment with a known psychoanalyst. Without doubt, such a person is trained to be a good, sympathetic listener – something an anxiety disorder patient badly requires. Sometimes, a few sittings with the therapist may end up curing the less severe forms of the disorder.
Apart from being a good listener, a psychotherapist has scientific panic disorder treatments in his kitty too and of these Cognitive and Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is the most significant.
CBT plays a pivotal role in the treatment of anxiety disorder and panic attack patients. It is a two-pronged procedure – the cognitive therapy aims to make the patient acutely aware of his thought process and turns him into a complete self-analysis mode. The patient is encouraged to differentiate the thoughts into the logical and the illogical. Soon the patient realizes that most of his fear and anxiety causing thoughts fall under the category of the illogical, and this helps him to get rid of his unruly thoughts.
The second part of CBT is behavioural therapy which is responsible for making the patient aware of how panic attack is eating into his system, of how bad it is for him – he is gradually tutored to give it up.
One more panic disorder treatment is Exposure therapy. The logic of this therapy is that if one’s fears are faced continuously, they lose their power on us.
Apart from everything else, one must not forget the restorative powers of good sleep. Indeed, it is the best anxiety disorder medication. Many a time panic and anxiety disorder patients find it difficult to sleep, and this lack of relaxation worsens their condition. This vicious cycle must be broken by the incorporation of ease and repose in our hectic lifestyles. More of yoga and meditation and more of soothing massages and spa treatments may go a long way towards helping anxiety disorder patients.
Caffeine containing food has also been blamed to concentrate the symptoms of anxiety disorder. A diet having less of tea, coffee, soft drinks and chocolates is, therefore, likely to help in panic disorder treatment.