Anxiety – A Disabling Disorder

Anxiety is a reaction to any stress. It helps one deal with a tense situation in the office, or having harder study for an exam. Generally, it helps one cope but when anxiety becomes an excessive, irrational dread of everyday situations, it has become a disabling disorder.

Anxiety Disorders affect about 40 million American and mainly adults age 18 years and older in a given year. It also causes them to be filled with fearfulness and uncertainty. Unlike the relatively mild, brief anxiety caused by a stressful event and this can be anything such as speaking in public or a first date, anxiety disorders last at least 6 months. This may be reached to worse condition if they are not treated.

Causes: Many studies suggest there is a relation between anxiety disorder and difficulty in maintaining balance. There is a possible mechanism, which is malfunction in the parabrachial nucleus, which is a structure in the brain among other functions; it also coordinates signals from the amygdale with input concerning balance. The amygdale is involved in the emotion of fear. Some times in some cases, biochemical factors come into play major role in causing disorder.

Symptoms: Anxiety disorders commonly occur along with other mental or physical illnesses, including alcohol or substance abuse, which may mask anxiety symptoms or make them worse. In some cases, these other illnesses need to be treated before a person will respond to treatment for the anxiety disorder. Effective therapies for anxiety disorders are available, and research is uncovering new treatments that can help most people with anxiety disorders lead productive, fulfilling lives.

Treatment: Anxiety is the most common and most treatable mental disorders. Effective treatments include cognitive behavioral therapy, relaxation techniques, and biofeedback to control muscle tension are used to treat this problem. Medication, most commonly anti-anxiety drugs, such as benzodiazepine and its derivatives, also may be required in some cases. Some commonly prescribed anti-anxiety medications are diazepam, alprazolam, and lorazepam. The non-benzodiazepine anti-anxiety medication buspirone can be helpful for some individuals.