Antibiotics and you

Antibiotics came into our lives as getting rid of infections, tormented mankind for thousands of years. However, after the appearance of powerful new drugs began to talk about them as “weapons of mass destruction that kills all living things.” The scientific debate about antibiotics in full swing, and we are already important to know what antimokrobnaya therapy helps the body cope with the disease, causing minimum harm.
Long-standing familiarity with this group of drugs does not prevent use of their foolish and haphazard. A cruel joke played with us the habit of some doctors prescribe antibiotics for any reason, at the slightest hint of an infection. (Of course, this is done in good faith to heal faster and more efficiently). According to American scientists, in every second (!) If antibiotics are taken unnecessarily or without a doctor’s recommendation.
The results of this “brute force” known. Antibiotics that inhibit not only pathogenic but also useful microflora of digestive tract, are contributing to the intestinal dysbiosis and allergies. After all, the broken balance of microorganisms in the environment leads to a weakening of the immunity and excessive reproduction is not quite innocuous single-celled fungi. This is especially true for broad-spectrum antibiotics.
In addition, disease-causing microbes have been remarkably tenacious. In the process of improving the products revealed that the drug kills only the bacteria sensitive to it. The strongest of them survive, and in their cells is a mutation. It turns out that the Army is replenished every day supermikrobov resistant to antibiotics. This makes scientists create new drugs, designed for new strains.
Incidentally, the British doctors decided to severely restrict the mass fascination with antibiotics. Recently, doctors are prohibited to prescribe these drugs for common cold, cough, acute respiratory disease, lung gastrointestinal disorders and other non-serious ailments. If, however, no antimicrobial therapy are necessary, appointed by the minimal dose of drugs. Moreover, treatment of these infections are trying to limit the 3.4 days (whereas previously had to “sit on antibiotics” a week or longer).
Now there are hundreds of drugs that selectively act on pathogens of various diseases. Do all antibacterial agents may be considered with antibiotics?
In the medical literature, the term “antibiotic” is often used to refer to all antimicrobial agents. However, the true antibiotics are drugs based on substances produced by microorganisms or received semi-synthetic methods. The active ingredients of these drugs cause death or stop the growth of germs, bacteria and some protozoa.
Antibiotics should not be confused with synthetic antibacterial agents, which differ from their mechanism of action on the infection and the organism as a whole.
Is it true that from any infection can be avoided by using potent antibiotics? Because of their proven effectiveness in treating serious diseases and to combat the common cold or banal eels.
Antibiotics are powerless against viral and other infectious diseases. Since most colds and acute respiratory diseases are viral nature, it is pointless to try to fight them with antibiotics (eg, ampicillin, erythromycin) or other antibacterial drugs (Biseptol, septrina, sulfonamides). The same can be said about the flu, measles, rubella, chicken pox, mumps, hepatitis A, B, C and others. In these diseases, as well as with OCR, antibiotics may be administered only after the emergence of bacterial complications, it is a secondary infection. Basically the same treatment should be drugs of other groups.
Antibiotics are not able to cope with fungi, protozoa and worms that cause infectious diseases. These include fungi of the genus Candida that cause yeast, protozoa, bacteria, amoebae, giardia.
Also aware that diphtheria, botulism, tetanus developed after penetration into the organism of bacterial toxins. Therefore, the main treatment is specific antitoxic sera: their use without the disease can end tragically, even against a background of antibacterial therapy.
Under certain chronic infections, such as pyelonephritis, antibiotics are appointed only for the period of exacerbation. In what used synthetic antibacterials and herbal medicine.
Considered unreasonable antibiotics acne. Antimicrobial Chemotherapy in dermatology should be applied in extreme cases. You always have the alternative to this treatment – natural anti-inflammatory drugs.
And absolutely do not want antibiotics for the treatment of intestinal dysbiosis due to their adverse effects on the normal microflora and suppress the immune functions of the intestine.
Still, the scope of antibiotics – a rapidly progressing infection or bacterial infection of vital organs, with which the immune system can not handle herself.
Now science has become aware of all the new destructive power of antibiotics. So maybe give them up altogether and replace them with other drugs?
No antibiotics are not necessary if we are talking about life and death. Still they are the “pivot” to overcome sepsis, poisoning, tuberculosis. While there are no other drugs that can so powerfully and quickly to cope with the infection life-threatening.
Fearing possible damage from antibiotics, some drugs are prescribed by the doctor ignored even in serious condition. Indeed, some of them may cause side effects. However, there are drugs that are taken concurrently with antibiotics as a cover. For example, suprastin, tavegil protivogistaminnye and other means allow to significantly reduce the risk of developing allergies. Bificol atsilakt or almost not reduce the likelihood of intestinal dysbiosis. Moreover, the dependence on antibiotics is never formed.
Antibiotics are irreplaceable at sharp development of the disease – sore throat and pneumonia, and also at an infectious inflammation which is localized in closed cavities (an otitis, sinusitis, osteomyelitis, abscess, cellulitis). Often have to prescribe antibiotics to people after surgery.
Without the use of antibiotics often develop serious complications. For example, if the treatment of pneumonia or sinusitis passed without the participation of these drugs, you may experience sluggish chronic disease
There are many chronic diseases, which reduce the quality of human life, but are treated only with antibiotics. This is a mycoplasma infection of lungs, yersinioz, chlamydia and other urogenital infections.
Of course, the antibiotics, the physician must evaluate the indications and contraindications. As the appointment of hormonal drugs and other potentially dangerous drugs, it is necessary to calculate the expected good benefits and risks of side effects.
If any of the antibiotic helped once, so it can be successfully used in other diseases?
Oddly, but pathogens with similar symptoms can be very much alike. Besides, all the bacteria have different sensitivity to different antibiotics.
For example, if a person has recovered after staphylococcal pneumonia with penicillin, this does not mean they should be treated as appeared later cough. After all, the cause might not be staph, and mycoplasma, insensitive to penicillin drugs.
Moreover, an antibiotic, “triggered” once, can not act on the same person with the same disease. After all, the bacteria quickly adapt to the drugs and the repeated use they know how to survive the encounter with them.
Antibiotics – drugs, time-tested. Is it possible, to select the appropriate participation of a physician as necessary?
It is necessary to treat antibiotics as a fairly serious step. Any amateur is irrelevant here. That treatment is successful you must choose only one drug that works just for you.
Amateurs in the pharmaceutical industry, what we are all very difficult to provide for the development side and toxic effects. And they almost always appear at the wrong dosage, and the absence of “cover up”, warning complications. In addition, their actions, we illiterate swell the ranks of microorganisms resistant to a particular antibiotic. And finally, on their own, we can hardly count how many days should last for antimicrobial therapy.
Choose the right product can then identify the causative agent and determine its sensitivity to antibiotics. However, to obtain complete information from such an analysis impossible. Even if the pathogen is known for its sensitivity, you need to pick up a drug that reaches the “camps” of a microbe in the body. Dose depends on age and comorbidity, and not always consistent with the recommended in the abstract, where the averages are taken into account, rather than individual parameters. Of course, compare all that information is capable of only an experienced specialist.
Probably, if you take a potent antibiotic, a couple of days of causative no trace remains. So why load the body long treatment, because the longer he can cope with the infection itself?
Correctly select the duration of treatment – it is half the battle. Very often, the drug itself is canceled after one or two days of admission, once it becomes easier. But the weakened organism is not always able to fight the disease itself. And in this case, the infection can edit the category of low intensity, complicating lesions of the heart, kidneys, and so on.
It is because of premature withdrawal of antibiotic-resistant appear to him strains “aspiring” bacteria. On the other hand, if an antibiotic is taken unduly long, increasing risk of intestinal dysbiosis and allergies.
It is believed that a woman is taking antibiotics during pregnancy or breast, causing irreparable harm to your child. And what if in this period is required antibiotic therapy?
Some antibiotics have no effect on intra-uterine and further development of the child. It is basically a very “old” drugs – penicillin, erythromycin, and others.
And yet in the first half of pregnancy should be abandoned, and from them, not to mention the drastic means. Especially undesirable to take antibiotics from 12 to 17 weeks of pregnancy. At this time, only the placenta is formed and the child is protected from the adverse effects of medicines, which takes the expectant mother. If possible, you have to transfer antibiotic therapy at a later date, to be held starting at 20 weeks. When the protective sheath finally formed, the doctors begin to prescribe antibiotics in a “free” mode.
There is a registry of drugs that may be prescribed during pregnancy, but there are those who can not be taken during this period in any case. For example, ftorhinalony affect the growth of the skeletal system of the child and subsequently cause various pathologies. A group of drugs tetracycline stained teeth of the child in the black.
Of course, if a pregnant woman happens aggravation of appendicitis, inflammation of the kidneys or pneumonia, antibiotics – the only way to alleviate the situation.
Is it true that antibiotics, which are not antibiotics, are less “striking force” and affect the body more gently?
Observed that self-antibacterial – Biseptol, sulphadimezin – much more often leads to allergic reactions or dysbacteriosis than antibiotics. In addition, many synthetic drugs have toxic effects on the liver and kidneys. And to sulfonamides, for example, microorganisms rapidly develop resistance. Therefore, their effect is much weaker than modern antibiotics.
“Bad” drugs do not exist. It happens that they do not prescribe to the place of incompetent doctors. And we too often take the liberty to address these difficult questions. It may be worthwhile to change attitudes to antibiotics, which we are accustomed to swallow after every sneeze, and the slightest rise in temperature?