Undergoing a surgical procedure is a traumatic experience on the human body. Operations often include things that would generally be extremely painful to endure, so the patients and doctors rely on the anesthesiologist to ensure comfort during the procedure.
There are several different types of anesthesia and each serves a different purpose. Depending on the type of surgery that a patient needs, the doctors will decide the amount and type of anesthesia that should be administered. A local anesthetic is applied directly to the area that will requires treatment and is generally used in less serious procedures.
Regional anesthesia is injected into major nerves around the area that needs surgery and can numb much larger sections of the body. General anesthesia is administered through a vein and will make the patient unconscious during the procedure.
No matter which type of anesthesia is used, there are risks associated with this type of medication. If the patient is not closely monitored, they can have poor reactions to the anesthesia or it may not serve its purpose and prevent the patient from experiencing pain. If anesthesia is administered incorrectly it can lead to:
- Heart attack
- Brain injury or coma
- Partial or total paralysis
- Anesthesia awareness
The sole purpose of an anesthesiologist is to administer anesthetics and monitor the comfort and safety of a patient during a surgical procedure. When this type of doctor is careless or disregards standard medical procedures, the well being of the patient may be in jeopardy. Such actions can be potentially fatal, and individuals responsible for making anesthesia errors must be held accountable for their actions.