The biliary system is usually affected by gallbladder cholesterolosis, which causes changes on the gallbladder wall because of high levels of cholesterol. Te main reason for this condition is chemical imbalance in the bile and unnatural functioning of the gall bladder which causes the cholesterol to get deposited in the gallbladder walls. This condition has to be treated because it may cause some additional health problems.
It has been reported that this condition is much more frequently seen in women than in men and also in people over 50 years old. The affecter person doesn’t experience any symptoms at the beginning and just in some rare cases, there may be symptoms like painful sensation and discomfort in the abdomen. If not treated at the initial phase, this condition will require a surgical intervention in the late stages.
There are two ways in which this condition can have influence on the function of the gall bladder – local and general. Local cholesterolosis is known for the creation of small polyps, up to 10 mm in size, on the gallbladder walls. On the other hand, general cholesterolosis is actually an inflammation of the gallbladder mucosa.
In order to see if a person is affected with cholesterolosis it can have ultrasound tests, which can easily see if there are polyps or some masses on the gallbladder. If smaller polyps are noticed they can be successfully treated with proper medications. However, if the ultrasound scanning shows that larger polyps are present, then it is necessary to have the gallbladder surgically removed. It is important to have a biopsy before the surgery because cholesterolosis can develop into gallbladder cancer if it hasn’t been treated.
Another disease which can lead to gall bladder cancer is adenomyomatosis. This disorder may cause thickening of the gallbladder walls. These two disorders are very similar, and the doctor has to check the gall bladder walls before making the final diagnose. However, both these disorders can cause malignancies and for that reason it is necessary to diagnose and treat them quickly. In cases like this, the time of the treatment may make a huge difference and wither the recovery will be complete, or it will be partial, which still has the risks of developing malignancies. For that reason, it is important to consult your doctor whenever you notice some problems with the gallbladder and do all the necessary tests to see what are the reasons for that. As we have started previously an early diagnosis and treatment may lead to complete recovery.