The American Diabetes Association is of course the leader in diabetes education, information and research. They help to fund research and then publish their findings so that medical professionals and diabetics alike have the accurate information that is needed to better care for themselves or their patients.
The American Diabetes Association has developed a set of guidelines that helps physicians to diagnose the several different types of diabetes that a patient can have. The guidelines also offer the latest information and goals that diabetic patients need to maintain with their blood glucose levels as well as information that the physicians need to help guide their patients in the proper care and techniques for diabetes .
Examples of ADA Guidelines – In 2008, the guideline for proper blood glucose levels was 70-130mg/dL before meals and less than 180 mg/dL after meals. This is typically a guideline for adult diabetics as they allow children to maintain higher blood glucose levels.
In 2007, the guideline for diabetes diagnosis is that the patient must have a random plasma glucose level of over 200 mg/dL at least twice before a diagnosis could be made; however, with the 2008 ADA guidelines, now you only have to have one random plasma glucose level of over 200 mg/dL before it is recommend to diagnose a patient as a diabetic.
These guidelines are set basically for everything. There are guidelines for pre diabetes diagnosis. There are guidelines for recommend A1c test results that are needed. (The hemoglobin A1c test results should be less that 7% is the ADA guideline. This basically means that a blood glucose level of 170 mg/dL or less is recommended. The A1c test is basically an average of blood glucose levels over a three month period of time.)
Carbohydrate intake is the key in maintaining blood glucose level control according to the ADA guidelines. Carbohydrates when broken down by the body turn into sugar. Diabetic patients should limit their carbohydrate intake through carbohydrate counting, exchanges or experience-based estimating. This sounds complicated although it is actually pretty easy once you get the grasp of the concept and it is a great idea for healthy eating for all patients and not just diabetics. ADA guidelines for carbohydrate intake are 130 grams per day.
The Final Word – The American Diabetes Association publishes these guidelines on a yearly basis as research and newly developed information can change from year to year. They serve as only a guideline to the physicians and health care providers. Physicians and health care providers can take it upon themselves to adjust the guidelines to fit the needs of their patients.
Diabetes affects different patients in different ways; therefore, it is hard to say that one set of numbers should work for everyone or that this certain thing should do the trick. Unfortunately, it does not work that way. Health care providers know their patients and can adjust to suit the patients individual needs; therefore, actually providing better results than if they followed the ADA guidelines strictly.