Hepatitis B is a dangerous disease that is commonly thought about by the hepatitis B virus (HBV).
Originally known as serum hepatitis, this condition has been reported in parts of Asia, Africa, and china. It's estimated that about a third of the world population has been affected by the condition and over 350 million people are chronic carriers.
The virus is usually transmitted when one is exposed to body fluids such as semen and vaginal fluids. The virus is also transmitted when one comes into contact with infectious blood. Although, the viral DNA has been found in saliva, urine, and tears of affected people, it's very rare for the virus to be transmitted via these fluids.
While everyone can be infected by the virus there are some people who are more exposed. The most exposed people include: those working in healthcare settings, blood transfusion centers, dialysis rooms, acupuncture, and tattooing.
People who tend to share razors and toothbrushes have also been shown to be among the high risk groups.
The virus can not spread through: holding hands, coughing, breastfeeding, hugging, kissing, sharing of eating and drinking glasses, and sneezing.
The condition usually brings about a number of side effects. In acute illness, the condition brings about vomiting and jaundice. It's only in very rare cases that acute infection will bring about death.
In chronic hepatitis, liver cirrhosis and liver cancer are common. As a result of liver cancer, death is common.
If you think that you have the condition, you should rush to your nearest health center where your blood will be taken and the virus detected.
Although, the condition is fatal, the good side is that it's preventable through vaccination. Here you are infected with attenuated viral particles after which you develop antibodies against the virus.
The vaccination has been shown to be very effective in young children and the effectiveness of the vaccine has been found to decrease with advancement in years where the vaccine is less effective in older persons.
There are a number of medicines that can be used to treat the condition. The most common medicines that can be used include: lamivudine, adefovir, telbivudine, and entecavir. While these drugs are very effective, they have been found to bring about a number of side effects such as loss of appetite, lack of energy, and anemia.
Due to the side effects, scientists have come up with natural supplements that have the potential of treating the condition. Some of the natural treatments include:
Reishi mushroom: it has been shown to be very effective in treating the condition especially in cases of severe liver injury. Other than treating hepatitis, the mushroom has also been found to be very effective in treating auto-immune disorders.
Milk Thistle: also known as liver tonic, this substance protects the liver by strengthening the outer membranes of liver cells which in turn leads toxins from entering the cells. Thistle has also been found to have very strong antioxidant activity and as a result it protects the liver from damage.
Black seed oil: it improves liver function and associated digestive problems. In Japan, the herb is used in treating chronic hepatitis.
Scientists have found that the herb offers to stimulate the liver to produce cholesterol. The herb has also been found to be effective in increasing bile excretion and as a result cholesterol levels in the body are reduced.
Oils: a number of oils have been found to be very effective in treating hepatitis. Some of the noticeable oils include: eucalyptus, oregano, thyme, lemon and virgin coconut oil. These oils typically have antiviral properties which result in death of the viruses.