Bronchitis is a respiratory system disease that is mostly found in the cold seasons. This is mainly because bronchitis is caused by viruses that also give us the flu or the cold. Bronchitis can also be caused by a bacteria, but this is not a very common bronchitis case. The bronchial tubes have linings that get inflated when you develop bronchitis.
This makes it harder from air to travel to the lungs. In bronchitis, mucus is also produced, which is mainly formed in your airway. So as you can see, bronchitis is a disease that affects your ability to breathe properly.
There are two very well known types of bronchitis: the acute form of bronchitis and chronic bronchitis. In people who suffer from asthma, we can find another type of bronchitis, related to asthma. As this is not a very common case of bronchitis, we shall talk less of it. The most common form of bronchitis, the acute one is a short illness. People usually get acute bronchitis after they have had either a cold or the flu. The main characteristic of acute bronchitis is cough together with sputum, colored green.
Another acute bronchitis symptom is soreness in the center of your chest. Fever may also characterize acute bronchitis, but it is usually just a mild one. Shortness of breath can also be found in cases of acute bronchitis because of the narrowing of the airways.
The second type of bronchitis, the chronic bronchitis is a more long lasting disease. It can last up to three years. Chronic bronchitis is also characterized by cough, but a much severe one, unlike in acute bronchitis. If you suffer from chronic bronchitis, problems breathing are also included in the list. Because of the gravity of chronic bronchitis, people who suffer from it may also have infections in their lungs. This as well will make breathing even much worse.
The most common way to get bronchitis is by contacting a virus. This travels into your bronchi, causing infection. Your body will then start to fight the virus that caused bronchitis. As a result, there will be more swelling and the quantity produced will be larger. The most known virus that causes bronchitis is the sams one that causes the cold. There are also cases when a bacteria is responsible for bronchitis, most likely after viral infections, such as a cold. If you are a smoker, you are more at risk of developing chronic bronchitis and you will also recover much slower after acute bronchitis.