Acid Reflux although it seems to be a common problem can also lead to more serious medical conditions requiring hospitalization and even surgery. Proper care should be taken regarding the disease.
There are various drugs that can be taken as a relief to such a situation, one of the most common drugs is Histamine Receptor Antagonists, and this type of drug actually works as it decreases the amount of acid the stomach produces. It gives a relief in conditions where the stomach produces excessive acids and the acid comes up into esophagus. A histamine antagonist is one of the most effective drugs, as it stimulates acid production released within the stomach wall. Histamine Antagonists work by blocking the receptors of histamine. This in turn prevents histamine from stimulating the cells that produce acid in the stomach.
Another common medicine used for Acid Reflux treatment is antacids. Antacids are actually neutralizers and thus neutralize acid when coming in contact with acids within the stomach. The best way to take antacid is about one hour after meals or just before you think there will be symptoms of Acid Reflex. The food from the meal slows the emptying of stomach and thus the antacid stays in the stomach for a longer period of time. A second dose of antacid should be taken about two hours after having a meal. Antacids can be aluminum, magnesium or calcium based.
Promotability Agents are also used as an effective medicine in providing relief to patients of Acid Reflux. They speed up the digestion and prevent acid from staying in the stomach for a longer time.
Proton Pump Inhibitors are a group of medicines that can be taken with prescription from a competent medical advisor. These drugs prevent the release of excessive acid in the stomach or the intestine. Actually the proton pump inhibitors block the secretion of acid from the acid secreting cells in the stomach. Proton Pump inhibitors are considered to be better then Histamine Antagonist as they stop acid production better and for longer periods of time.
Foam barriers have also proved to be an effective treatment for acid reflux. These tablets are actually made up of antacid and a foaming agent. As the tablet breaks down in the stomach, it produces foam, which floats on the top of the stomach liquid. This foam behaves as a physical barrier to the reflux of liquid. Also the antacid in the foam neutralizes the acid, which comes in contact with the foam.
Some times Acid Reflux reaches to a level that is incurable by mere administration of drugs, in these cases surgery is needed in the treatment of Acid Reflux. Fundoplication is a surgical procedure and is the effective acid reflux treatment. In this surgery any hiatal hernical sac is pulled below the diaphragm and stitched there. The opening in the diaphragm through which the esophagus passes is tightened around esophagus. Also the upper part of the stomach is wrapped around lower esophagus to make esophageal sphincter artificially. This surgery provides excellent relief to the patients of Acid Reflux for about five to ten years.
Another way of treating Acid Reflux is the endoscopic technique. Endoscopy also involves tightening the esophageal sphincter. Radio frequency waves are also used to treat Acid Reflux. The radio frequency waves cause scarring beneath the esophageal lining as the tissues get damaged. When the scar shrinks it pulls the surrounding tissues and thus tightens the sphincter and the area above it. Endoscopy is also carried out by injecting a material into the esophageal wall in the area of LES.
One the best treatments of Acid Reflux is changing of your eating habits. Poor eating habits often lead to Acid Reflux. One should take smaller and earlier evening meals which reduce the problem of Acid Reflux to a great extent. Also one should elevate the upper body when in bed. This elevation raises the esophagus above the stomach and partially restores the gravity, which in turn reduces the problems of Acid Reflux.