Back pain, one the most common medical problem faced by people; an ache which begins from areas like bones, nerves, joints and other areas of the spine and symptoms like weakness, numbness are indication to back ache. The spine acts as the major connecting channel between nerves, tendons, ligaments, muscles, and joints which in context acts as means of incurring back ache.
Back pain can be sub divided as neck pain, upper back pain, tailbone pain which can either result in acute or chronic ache depending upon the persistence.
However, there are several causes of this problem like pain arising from the spinal tissues which may result into muscle strains, cramps, muscle imbalances and the like; which may require diagnostic intervention like anesthetic blocks.
One of the crude sources of the ache is skeletal muscle and another being synovial joints of the spine which has been acknowledged as the primary concern among approx one third of the chronic back ache sufferers, however, unable to understand the sure shot cause of the pain.
There is this tissue called Capsule tissue whose damage can lead to neck pain following whiplash. Spinal trouble stemming from synovial joints leads to theory that intra-articular tissue as in invaginations of the membrane and fibro-adipose meniscoids get displaced enclosed consequently giving rise to noiception. Enhanced advancement has been encompassed upon non-discogenic back pain.
Coming over to the treatment of the problem the major focus is onto the accomplishment of the relief in the pain as rapidly as can be, so as to enable the individual to get back on track to their daily chores, for major chunk the target is to adopt non-surgical means in order to be manageable with the ache but some consider surgery to be the easiest and quickest means to be released of the pain. However there are certain short – term remedial measures also available which is as follows:
The therapy of applying heat onto the back. Analyst from Cochrane Collaboration have showcased that this therapy minimises the ache of acute and sub-acute pain sufferers.In fact ,some patients even agree that heat therapy does help them in quite a terms whereas,Cold compression therapy comes handy in certain cases only.
The therapy of massaging especially, acupressure or pressure point massage by well trained massager too proves to be quite beneficial in the long run
Then we have the medication as prescribed by the doctors like paracetamol, opioids and other drugs as prescribed.
Apart from the above mentioned, measures like stretching exercises under supervision of a health professional; studies even show Manipulation provided by well qualified chiropractor, physical therapist have similar values as those generated by other therapies, acupunture therapy can all prove to be handy.
However, there are certain emerging cures like Vertebroplasty that involves surgical cement injected into vertebral bodies which have deteriorated because of the compressed fractures. More or less this procedure is invasive compared to surgeries but with the pros there exist cons even which is that with the entry of the cement things can be versed by its effect dropping onto the lungs, spinal canal etc.but ideally this procedure acts as quick relief from the pain. Then with specific biologic inhibitors, tumor necrosis factor-alpha results into rapid release of disc-related troubles.
In context to pregnancy, about 50 per cent of the women do complain of the back pain. Severe back ache during this period can lead to adverse circumstances.
However, to conclude back pain is one of the crucial problems faced by people today because of the adverse working conditions, hectic,erratic schedules leading to no time for the individuals to pay heed to such minute ache and hence getting entrapped into the cobweb of BACK PAIN.