A Glossary of Candle Making

Are you one of the many individuals interested in candle making? Candle making has been around for centuries. However, it is still a popular past time hobby or for some, even a business venture. When you are learning how to make your own candles, you may come across in the candle making world various definitions. This is a small listing of some of the terms you may come across in your search to become a better candle maker.

  • Back Fill or Topping Off – Naturally as wax cools it will shrink, most often in the mid-section of the candle. This requires a back fill or topping off, which means to add more wax to the candle to create a smoother appearance in the candle top
  • Burn Rate – This is the calculation of the amount of wax that is burning away within a one hour period of burning any particular wick. The candle will need some type of base in order to calculate the burn rate of any candle.
  • Cored Wick – A cored wick is any wick that includes the use of cotton, paper or zinc inside its middle in order to supply added firmness to the candle wick. Such wicks may be round, square braided and flat braided, however keep in mind that the round wick has an empty core.
  • Fully Refined Wax – This means that the wax fulfills the maximum refined process. It usually carries the melting point of about 125 degrees Fahrenheit or sometimes a bit more. This wax has a lower content of oil than many others do. Oil content does vary of course, depending upon the melting point of the wax you are using. This type of wax is most often useful for candles other than container candles.
  • Melt Point – When melting wax into a liquid, once that state is identical, this is when wax temperature reaches its melting point. Keep in mind that melting point temperature and pouring temperature are not the same. Always practice Safety while you are candle making. Always double check your data sheet to apply the right techniques, while making your own candles.
  • Melt Pool – While a candle burns, a pool of wax is the result. The reason for this is that, the wax feeds the flame upon a wick. The melt pool is the diameter of liquefied wax. It should puddle as close to the side of the container as is possible.
  • Mottling – The outside of the candle appears dusty, specked with snowflakes or sometimes a bit pale and washed out of color. You must use a wax design that accomplishes this to achieve the mottling of candles. It is however, a most popular fashion type candle. You can make your own brand name candles.
  • Mushrooming – Mushrooming appears at the top of candle wick, while burning because of carbon deposits. It causes excessive smoke. The reasons for it may vary from improper sizing of wick, wick core or lack of air in the container as well as an abundant scent load, while candle making. However, there are so many other things to learn and do when it comes to candle making, come along, join me and let's find out more!