Sinus infections are one of the most difficult disorders, with symptoms similar to that of viral influence or the common cold. The problem usually goes unnoticed in most cases, until a chronic sinus infection manifests. There are 4 sets of sinuses located within the cranial cavity. The maxillary sinuses are found under the eyes in the maxillary bones. The Frontal sinuses are housed in the forehead, the ethmoid sinuses between the eyes sockets. The fourth, the sphenoid sinuses are behind the eyes in the upper nasal cavity of the nose.
The symptoms of this disease can range from nasal congestion and pressure, aching temples, fever, a runny nose and soreness around the eyes.
What Is A Sinus Infection?
A sinus infection, also called sinusitis, is when the sinuses become inflamed. Sinuses are air-filled cavities covered with a layer of mucous which surface is covered with of layer of soft tissue lined with small thick hair called cilia. The function mucosal lining of purpose is to protect the body from minuscule foreign bodies such as dust and pollen. The cilia helps to remove excess mucous from the body. The path of removal is usually from the stomach to the throat. This system protects the nasal passes from bacterial build-up. Healthy functioning of the cilia is necessary for good nasal health.
Inefficient removal of the excess mucous from the body can result in a blockage of the sins, which causes natural ventilation. This then results in the bacterial or viral infection we call sinusitis.
Sinus Infection Treatment
Now for some self-help treatments for this infection. One homemade herbal remedy can be prepared with 1 tablespoon of blackberry leaves, 2 fresh nettle tops, 600 ml of one head meadow-sweet and a sprig of fresh peppermint. Boil all the herbs together for 10 minutes. This recipe can be used to help prevent this infection before the coming of summer. You can also create an inhaling solution of eucalyptus, pine oil and water to helpful unclogging the sinuses. The mango fruit's vitamin A content also aids the formation of healthy epithelium.
A healthy intake of water daily and inhaling steam helps to moisten and unclog the sinuses. Excess mucous can also be removed from the respiratory system with the help of expectorant drugs. A regular painkiller can help relieve any associated pain and inflammation.
Because sinus infections are usually caused by bacteria, they can be treated with antibiotics. Acute sinusitis does not need to be diagnosed through special tests, as a CT scan can typically show the nasal passage, paranasal sinuses and surrounding structures very clearly. A less expensive and non-invasive diagnostic tool compared to the CT scan is the ultrasound. The medical community however does not generally accept the ultrasound as a comprehensive diagnosis tool for this infection.