Nail fungus happens when fungi and bacteria get into your nails through a cut or tear. Nail fungus can be a bit difficult to treat because repeated infections are common. It is also be tricky since the fungus is found under the nail and can be hard to reach. However, there are a variety of treatments you can use to hasten the healing of your fungal infection.
1. Oral medications
In the past, a somewhat toxic oral medication called griseofulvin (Fulvicin) was the only known drug that has the efficacy of treating fungal nail infections. Now there are other oral antifungal drugs that can cure nail infections. These are Itraconazole (Sporanox), Fluconazole (Diflucan) and Terbinafine (Lamisil). These medications help a new nail grow which is free from infections and replaces the infected portion of your nail. They are normally taken from six to twelve weeks and you won’t be able to see the results until after your nails have grown back completely.
Oral medication should not be taken lightly because they can be dangerous and have been known to cause several side effects. They may affect liver and kidney functions and severe skin rashes. They are not recommended for people with liver and heart diseases.
2. Antifungal Creams
Antifulgal creams are one of the most common nail fungal treatments. They can be over the counter or prescription medicine which you can apply directly over the infected area of the nails. Antifungal creams are used for mild to moderate cases of nail fungal infections and can be used in conjunction with oral medications for a more effective cure.
3. Vicks Vapo Rub
Vicks vapa rub has been said to treat nail fungal infections. However, no scientific studies have been made to validate this claim even if there are some people who said that it is effective.
Due to its antibacterial nature, Tea Tree Oil has always been used as treatment for a number of different bacterial and fungal infections. Its most common use is against, cuts, acne or pimples and yeast infections. However, some people found out that it can be an effective treatment for the milder cases of nail fungus.
4. Antifungal Lacquer
For mild to moderate nail infections, doctors might prescribe to you an antifungal nail polish called ciclopirox. You paint it on your nails as you would an ordinary nail polish. Do this everyday for seven days then wipe it all off and start with fresh applications. Use of ciclopirox on a daily basis for one year has been shown to treat nail fungal infections.
5. Surgical Nail Removal
For recurring and severe cases of nail fungal infections, this may very well be the best treatment option. The infected nail is removed and an antifungal cream is used to treat the infected area. Because the area of infection is exposed the efficiency of antifungal creams can be maximized.
Whichever treatment you prefer to use, will depend of the severity of your infection. For mild cases self-medication with topical creams will be okay. However, it is always best to consult a doctor to get an accurate diagnosis and cure.