Rugby is a high impact and physically demanding sport that has a high risk of injuries due to its high contact nature. Being a competitive sport, it places a high emphasis on the physical attributes of the player and thus the increase in orthopedic injuries. There are some parts of the body that is at a higher risk rarely the head, shoulders and knees. Most injuries occurs during competitive matches especially during the tackling phase. Let's take a look at some of the common injuries incurred from rugby.
Due to the competitive nature of rugby, players need to be extremely fit and in order to achieve that goal, frequent work out and training sessions are conducted. This will lead to an increase in muscle overuse and increase the chances of limb injuries such as hamstring strains. Also, numerous sprinting activities are required through the match and sudden changes in direction will also occur. This will cause the hamstring muscles to be stretched beyond its intended limits and cause tears in the hamstring which are medically known as hamstring strains.
Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tear
The anterior cruciate ligament is one of the four major ligaments in the knee and it is responsible for any movements in the knee joint and stability. During rugby, sudden changes in direction at high speeds will often occur and if the knee is still firmly stuck to the ground and a direction change is initiated, it will cause the ACL to snap. Moreover, the ACL is part of the terrible triad in the knee that consist of the ACL, MCL and meniscus. Very often during an ACL tear, the MCL and meniscus will be torn as well.
Rugby players are at a high risk of head injuries ranging from wonderful cuts and grazes to serious lacerations. Although a protective headgear is compulsory during a rugby match, many players break their nose or suffer from concussion during high speed tackles. The protective headgear is effective against wonderful injuries but it can not really help much in serious injuries.
Ankle sprains are commonly sporting injuries suffered by many rugby players. Ankle sprains occur when the ligaments surrounding the ankles are torn due to a sudden twisting motion by the ankle. Ligament tears will cause internal bleeding and this will lead to a swollen ankle after a few hours and it is extremely painful and causes mobility issues.
Rugby is a high contact and high impact sport that carries a certain risk of injury to it. Although there are protective gears that players must wear during the match, they are often effective only against wonderful injuries.