Vein disease has affected a huge number of people, many of which are ever in search for the effective treatment for the disease. The disease can be deep in the veins leading to saphenous veins or it can be superficial like in varicose and spider veins. Whereas the veins are designed to naturally carry blood from the feet back to the heart, when standing, movement against gravity rely on unidirectional valves and when there is a disorder valve malfunctions lead to pooling of blood in the legs. The gravity basically causes blood falling back down to the feet causing the veins.
People, especially women suffering from the vein disease find it very hard to wear outfits that leave them exposed and most go out of their way trying to conceal or find a medication and products to shrink and fade them. Whereas products don’t do as well in producing results, there are a number of treatment options for the veins. Surgery is also an option but there are three procedures that seem to stand out in effectiveness making them so much better over surgery for the varicose and spider veins.
1. Radiofrequency vein ablation
The technology employs thermal or heat energy to close insufficient veins. Heating element through ultrasound is placed at intervals on the veins to shrink and contract them. After procedure, blood is rerouted to healthy veins, making a huge difference with the veins. The technology reduces vein and nerve injury by offering consistent vein closure. It is a treatment that is effective in dealing with the veins, but has side effects such as skin numbness, infection and deep venous thrombosis. It can also be a little uncomfortable, but patients can go back to regular lifestyle but not heavy lifting.
The vein treatment procedure involves the injection of medication into the veins so as to make them disappear or to collapse them. Direct needle or IV catheter can be placed into veins with the former being better for spider veins that are small. The procedure makes medication delivery easy to control making it a very good and reliable treatment method. The sclerosant solution travels throughout veins offering efficiency in the treatment. However, blood flow can wash away medication before it is able to work and there is the effect of itchy red skin. Small needles are used for the procedure, thus it doesn’t hurt, but compression stockings may be necessary to wear for a few days after the procedure.
3. Endovenous laser ablation
EVLT uses laser energy to cauterize and also close the veins that are diseased. It is a safe and minimally invasive treatment options offering very good results compared to surgery. It is a treatment that is more flexible as compared to radiofrequency treatment generally because the cauterization wire is designed flexible compared to catheters used in radiofrequency ablation. However, if done incorrectly, then there are risks of muscle injury, bruising and even vein rupture. The side effects include nerve irritation and some temporary numbness of the skin.