Kidney Dialysis and How it Works

When you have loss kidney function something need to be done to replace the cleansing of the blood from pollutants and to help remove fluid and that replacement is called "dialysis.

At first glance, this life saving dialysis machine looks like something from Star Wars, all the tubes and meters and it kind of looks like R2D2 except it's not walking around just sitting there beside you. The good news is your "little buddy" is your life saver because it is going to cleanse your body for you and get rid of what your body can not do on it own anymore.

Many people have a shunt in their arm where they hook up the dialysis machine and on one side of the machine the dialysate (the fluid they use) is going to flow and on the other side your blood is going to flow and when the blood is cleaned it returns to you. The dialysate also has minerals in it that are loss during dialysis, like calcium and potassium. More than likely they will also put your on a prescription for these same minerals. This type dialysis is called. "hemodialysis" and is usually done 3 times a week for 3 or 4 hours.

Another form of dialysis is called, "Peritoneal dialysis". In this type dialysis the dialysate is of glucose and minerals and is run through your stomach area. The dialysate is then left to clean your body of waste and pollutants and then drained and thrown away. The nice part of this treatment is that it is done at home and can even be done when your traveling. This treatment does not do quite as good as hemodialysis but because it is done more often during the day the methods of cleansing your body becomes about the same.

I can not stress this enough, on your days of dialysis, you are going to be tired and it's ok! Your body has just walked through in 3-4 hours what it normally takes to do in 48 hours. It's like running a mile in 4 minutes and you're going to be tired. The good news is the days you do not have dialysis, usually, you will gain some energy back and feel less exhausted. Do not try to do too much on your days that you have dialysis, it will only make you more tired than you already are and there is always tomorrow when you feel better to do what you need to do.

Neurobiology and Genetics of ADHD

Despite continued controversy, powerful new evidence regarding the biological underpinnings of ADHD have recently emerged. Repeated studies have shown the fact that controlling for confounding variables, the coefficient of heritability for ADHD is .8, or higher than that for Schizophrenia (.7), Intelligence (.5), or Breast Cancer (.3). This information is very compelling evidence for a biological explanation of ADHD, as it basically states that the chance of an identical twin having ADHD, if the other twin meets the diagnostic criteria, is 8 out of 10 times. These studies have been done in Australia, the United Kingdom and Sweden, as well as in various sites throughout the United States.

Dr. Joseph Biederman, one of the leading researchers in the world on ADHD indicates in a recent paper (Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, Lancet 2005; 366: 237-248) that candidate genes for ADHD have also been located. Continued research supports the likeli¬hood that ADHD is a genetic disorder with a combination of different genes being responsible for the expression of ADHD. This includes evidence of dysfunction with respect to the cortical networks involving dopamine D4 and D5 receptors, which have been proven to be instrumental in the pathogenesis of ADHD.

Structural abnormalities and imaging studies have also consistently sup¬ported the fact that frontalstriatal regions of the brain are very much central to the dysfunction associated with ADHD. This evidence includes neuropsychological deficits involving problems with set shifting, inhibition, working memory, planning, and sustained attention. Imaging studies have showed a volume reduction in many different areas of the brain, but particularly in the frontal and cingulate regions of the cerebrum, which are central to many of the functions and skills associated with attention and executive abilities.

In addition, the specificity and functional effects of the dopaminergic and noradrenergic agents used to treat ADHD are well documented and robust. Recent developments have included longer acting versions of both stimulant and non-stimulant medications, and research is very clear that the therapeutic effects of these medications are strong and unequivocal.

It should be mentioned that Dr. Biederman, in the same article mentioned previously, reports that objections are often raised as to the abuse potential of various stimulant medications. However, research has shown that medicating with stimulants has a protective or prophylactic effect on the development of substance abuse. This is contrary to anecdotal evidence that focuses exclusively on the few individuals who may abuse these substances, rather than scientifically analyzing the relevant data.

11 Reasons Why Dogs Bark and How You Can Stop Dog Barking

It is as natural for a dog to bark as it is for a kid to talk. So we should not expect a dog never to bark. However if the barking has become too excessive to the point of irritating the neighbours, you have to either move the dog away from build-up areas, confine it to a sound proof room or train the dog to stop barking. To stop the dog from barking, we have to first understand the cause of the problem.


Let us explore the reasons for dog barking:

#1. Communication

Barking is a form of communication. If you listen closely there are different tones and different types of barking.

#2. Intrusion

Dogs are territorial and protective against any intruders. A guard dog’s duty is to guard the property. Naturally it will bark to alert you to possible intruders when it sense any intrusion by people or dogs. The closer the threat, the louder the barking. When the dog is aggressive, it takes on a threatening posture, with a high tail and ears up and forward.

#3. Spirits

Some people say that animals are sensitive to the presence of unseen spirits or ghosts.

#4. Reaction to Noise

Some dogs bark when car drives by, when the doorbell rings, or when the neigbour’s dog bark.

#5. Attention

Dogs bark because they want attention. They want something.Maybe they are hungry or thirsty. They want to go outside to play. They wants a treat.

#6. Boredom

Dogs can be frustrated if they are confined to the same place for a long period of time, or they have been left outside day and night. Dogs are pack dog and do not like to be left alone for long period. If they become bored or sad, they will bark.

#7. Fear

They bark when they are afraid, be it objects, people, places, other animals, or loud noise such as thunder and fireworks. How do you tell if the dog is afraid? The ears are back and the tails are held low.

#8. Excitement

Dogs can be playful and excited when greeting people or other animals. It’s usually a happy bark, accompanied with tail wags and sometimes jumping.

#9. Health Problem

We should not discount that barking can be cause by deafness because it cannot hear itself barking. It could be due to age related dementia.

#10. Separation Anxiety

Dogs when left alone can suffer from separation anxiety. They exhibit symptoms such as pacing, depression and destruction.

#11. Compulsive barking

Compulsive barkers bark just to hear the sound of their voices. They also often make repetitive movements as well such as running in circles.


It is a natural instinct for a dog to bark and we should not suppress this instinct.

The dog must be taught when to bark and when not to bark. When the dog bark for a good reason, for example someone is at the door or entering your territory, praise the dog. When you let the guest enter your house, you give the dog a command to stop barking.

Put your finger to your lips and give the command “Quiet” in a calm and firm voice.

Train your dog to understand the word ‘Quiet’.

However, if the dog barks at the wrong time or for the wrong reason, then we should not let this problem continue. A dog barking become unwelcome when the dog will not stop barking and such incessant barking disturb the neighbours especially in build up areas.

To solve the problem, find out what is the cause of the problem.

If the barking is due to boredom then bring the dog out for a work every day. Play with it for at least an hour a day. If the barking is for the attention, then give it sufficient attention by spending time with it. A dog is not a toy to be left alone; it is a living animal with feelings and need affection and interaction. Spend time by taking it for a long walk or run. Play ball. Take a trip to the dog park. When the dog is tired, it will be quiet.

Do send the dog to a vet for a checkup as some medical problems can cause excessive barking. These problem can range from dementia, brain disease, pain, to senility.

There are a few methods to solve a dog barking problem.

Someone suggested a beans-in-a-tin solution. Put beans in a tin and seal it. When the dog is barking, shake the tin vigorously near the dog and say ‘No’ firmly.

As soon as the dog stops barking, praise him.

If you want the fast and effective way of stopping the dog from barking, let Harry Quek show you the Koehler method in his personal dog training program.

For enquiry, please visit

Fact and Fiction: Separating Myths From Reality With Stuttering

If you or a family member stutters, then you may be quite confused as to what to do about it, what it means, or how common the problem even is. Many people hold incorrect beliefs about stuttering, and they usually serve to create a stigma about the problem.

Therefore, it’s time to learn fact from fiction, and take in some important truths about stuttering. Take a look at these common stuttering facts and misconceptions, and separate myth from reality for yourself.

Fact: Millions of People Stutter

According to The Stuttering Foundation, approximately 68 million people across the world stutter, and about 3 million Americans do. That accounts for approximately 1% of the global and U.S. population, respectively, and means there are literally millions of others like yourself.

Fact: Stuttering Runs in the Family

Many people do not realize that stuttering can actually be passed down genetically. Research shows that approximately 60% of people who stutter have a family member who stutters a well.

Fact: Stuttering Affects More Men than Women

Four times more men than women are affected by stuttering. It’s not a misconception to believe that you have seen many more males with a stuttering condition than females. Still, that does mean that there would be able 13 million women across the globe who stutter, based on the statistic cited above.

Fiction: Emotional Trauma Causes Stuttering

Emotional trauma has not been proven to cause stuttering. In fact, research shows that children and adults who stutter are no more likely to have psychological or emotional problems than those who do not stutter.

Fiction: I Should Just Wait it Out

Many parents think that if their child is stuttering, they should just wait it out, and the child will sort it out on his or her own. That’s not typically the best course of action, and stuttering problems can become more ingrained over time. After three or six months of a child stuttering, it’s likely in everyone’s best interest to get seek an evaluation from a speech and language pathologist.

Fiction: Stuttering is All the Same

There is actually a wide range of how severe a stuttering problem may be, as well as the specifics of how it affects each person’s speech. There are many different stuttering patterns and behaviors, and even from person to person, there may be inconsistency on a day-to-day level.

Hopefully you’ve been able to learn more about stuttering, some common stuttering myths, as well as important facts. If you or a loved one has been coping with stuttering, then you may want to consult with a speech and language pathologist. He or she will be able to provide you with a quality plan of action to address your concerns and begin making great strides forward.

Control Pain in a New and Better Way

My wife has criticized me for years about having a "one-track-mind". She says, "You get so engrossed when you're watching television that the house could fall down around you and you would not notice." She says this most often when she has called me to dinner and I have not responded. Well, It's not true! I would notice especially if it was raining or cold outside. Joking aside, there is truth to what she says. I can get so focused, deeply relaxed and engrossed in a television program that I loose awareness of what is going on around me.

What has this to do with controlling pain? I have observed that when I am 'awakened' from this state of mind that I was not conscious of pain during that period! I am no stranger to pain. I have had five surgeries, all related to ulcerative colitis. These left me with chronic pain from scar tissue in very bad places. I have a morphine pump installed that delivers morphine around the clock into my spinal cord. Further, I fell off a roof and broke my back. I have two titanium rods holding me together and problems with back muscle fatigue and cramping. The drugs do little to help after eight years of this. I have developed a tolerance for them. Too much morphine or pain pills leave me drowsy all the time. They leave me without a life! I have my doctor keep the morphine to a bare minimum. That means I must live with pain.
I have been exposed to meditation through the years. I noticed that when I meditate well it's just like the television experience. I am free of pain during that period ..

"The Relaxation Response"

These observations led me to do some experimentation. Meditation was difficult for me. Various teachers told me to, "Relax and think of nothing." Or, "When thoughts enter my mind just let them pass on out again." I had trouble staying focused. Some teachers asked me to sit in the Lotus position. I'm not as limber as I once was and my back trouble made this quite impossible. My meditation efforts fell by the wayside. I read Dr. Herbert Benson's book, "The Relaxation Response", Avon Books. Dr. Benson has done extensive study of meditation with Buddhist Monks. He has written several follow-up books on this topic. He observed that pain signals were re-routed during meditation. They would fire in new pathways activating different synapses. He documented this with MRI studies. These new pathways blocked pain messages in the brain or greatly reduce them along with a significant list of other ailments including stress! Further, this phenomenon lasted even when the Monks were no longer meditating. But how was I to meditate. I had such a bad experience with it. How could I achieve the results the Monks had? It appeared out of reach for me.

It occurred to me one day that since television programs could draw me into this deep, meditation like, state of mind, what if I had some beautiful scenery to focus on? But I knew I'd need to go very deeply into this state to get any real value from it. Beautiful scenery would not be enough. So I asked my composer friend to record some special music, appropriate to the scenery. This was dubbed in conjunction with the natural sounds from that place? In addition, I added my wife's Aromatherapy and included the fragrance that goes with this place! I videotaped six very different scenes from across the country when we were on our vacation travels. I filmed a lighthouse in Maine, an aquarium in Denver, a stone fireplace at a cabin in the California mountains, a waterfall near Yosemite, a tranquil Japanese lake, and a white wicker chair in our own garden. I made six scenes because I knew I would get bored with just one. I wanted to stay with this and I knew I'd need variety if I were to remain interested. I found very deep relaxation by activating as many of my senses as possible! I found the "Relaxation Response" Dr Benson wrote about! It worked for me! I put all this into a DVD and packaged it with the other items. I keep away lots of these packages to my friends at the hospital pain support group I attended and elsewhere. The results have been fantastic! People are finding lasting relief from their pain when everything else they've tried has failed. The doctors I have shown it to are very enthusiastic, too. Who says you must close your eyes to meditate?

Caution: Pain can be a warning of a serious medical condition. Check with your doctor before trying any treatment plan on your own or following any suggestions found in this article. Do not stop or change any prescribed treatment or medication (s) without first consulting with your doctor or medical care-giver.

About Nose Piercings

Body piercing is one of the ancient ways of adding ornaments on the body, these piercings were often fitted with decorations such as rings, studs and other fittings. Among the old body piercing practices that are still popular even today are; ear, nose and belly ring piercings. In this article, we focus on nose piercing and the type of rings and studs that are used to fit the piercings.

Nose piercing has its origin from certain African and Asian traditional practices many decades ago, where it was used as a symbol of beauty, status, and wealth among other purposes. In the modern cultures, nose piercing is seen as hip and trendy thus many young people both men and women have embraced it dearly.

Types of nose piercings

There are various types of nose piercing based on the part that gets pierced, for example, there is the nostril piercing, which is the most common, simple and widely practiced. It involves piercing the nostril just above the crease where the nose separates from the cheek. At this position, there is a lot of possible jewelry that can fit due to its accessibility. We have L-shaped studs, nose rings, ball rings and nose screws among others.

The other type of nose piercing is the septum piercing, very popular nowadays even among men. It involves piercing through the nasal septum while avoiding the bone cartilage separating the nostrils. This only fits circular barbells or loops. There are others like the nose tip piercing and the bridge piercing all of which are gaining popularity as humans try more ways of accessorizing their noses.

Procedure for the nose piercing

This procedure is delicate and requires a person with the knowledge to do it right. Hygiene is of great essence to avoid infections and also improve the rate of healing. The most common is the nostril piercing and it follows the following brief protocol.

The first step is always choosing the location of the piercing. The nostrils can both be pierced at a go, however, when choosing between either of the sides certain considerations must be observed such as the cultural directives and the meaning attributed to it.

The piercer marks the location and if you are okay with it then it is done in the most aseptic way as possible.

It is then fitted with a steel nose screw of about 20G in size and then you are given instructions on how to care for it till it heals.

If followed well the piercing heals fast and then you can adorn any other type of nose studs that you prefer.


Nose piercing is trending since it is considered fashionable yet it is somehow discrete.

Top 5 Places to Travel on a Budget

Traveling on a budget is so rewarding. Who needs 5 -star hotels, elegant restaurants and expensive extras? I’ve found that my favorite vacation spots are ones close to home, right on American soil. Since I had such positive experiences, I wanted to share a few of my favorite spots with you. Even though I didn’t have to clean out my savings account or go broke for these “on a budget” one of a kind destinations, they were well worth every penny I spent. Here are 5 of my top places to travel, whether you are on a budget or not.

1. Arizona

This American hot-spot is a fantastic place to go whenever you can get there. We all know the power of experiencing the Grand Canyon but there is so much more, Whether it’s Spring, Summer, Fall or Winter, Arizona gets an A plus from me from the awesome climate to the variety of affordable things to see and do. It can get really hot, so pack some casual clothes. because if you’re like me, the best place to be is outside. The state has done an awesome job of creating hiking trails, botanical gardens, campsites, outdoor tours and other nature-loving excursions. The state is full of big cities and tiny towns full of art, culture and history and delicious food. For example, Tucson, Arizona is full of southwestern and Mexican heritage. There is very little or no admission charge to see spots like Sabino Canyon and Saguaro National Park and then head over to Sedona, Arizona for an opportunity to see 100 plus art galleries and events that are happening all of the time. They are amazing sites to see whether you are an art enthusiast or not.

2. Baltimore, MD

I’ve visited Baltimore many times and it is by far one of my favorite places to see. The seafood is fresh and delicious as is all the fare in the city, and for those of us on a budget, a dollar goes a long, long way. The steamed crabs are like no other in the world. The National Aquarium is beautifully located right on the Baltimore Harbor and a day spent there is a day well spent. The beautiful, family-friendly sights, smells and sounds are one of a kind! The Harborplace and the Gallery is located nearby the harbor and offers an amazing shopping and dining mecca where you can select what is right for your wallet and taste. Depending on the time of the year (remember Baltimore is cold in the winter) there is even free entertainment. The American Visionary Art Museum is well worth the short trip from the Harbor. They do charge a fee to get inside but the building itself and the property are full of sculptures and art to view for free. And there are so many other museums to visit during your time in this family-friendly city.

3. Hershey, PA

Hershey, Pennsylvania has become one of the most famous destination spots in our country, and it offers so many free and inexpensive things to do. There is a world-class amusement park, an infamous day spa that can be a but pricey but there are also many memorable affordable things to do. Hershey Chocolate World, is a ride that is on the Hershey Park grounds but is totally free. It is a wonderful historical ride that is both enjoyable and educational. If you are traveling with children they will get a free candy sample at the end of the ride where you are dropped off right into the gift store. There is also the Hershey trolley that will transport you around the city complete with kiss-shaped lights lining the streets. It was started by Milton Hershey while he was planning the town and continues to this day… it is well worth your time. If you have time (and I would suggest making time) visit ZooAmerica, Hershey Gardens, Milton Hershey School and the other fantastic museums all located in Hershey, PA.

4. Dallas, TX

In a town known for everything big, the cost to visit is not that bad. We had a bit of an adventurous spirit so we booked a city PASS that offered discounted prices into some of the city’s most popular attractions. We couldn’t hit them all but we did see the George W. Bush (he was the president) Library and Museum and the Perot Museum of Nature and Science. Pretty cool for adding a little culture into your vacation. My traveling partners enjoy visiting Zoos, so we went to the awesome Dallas Zoo and met two beautiful African Elephants and fed a giraffe. There are so many family-oriented events and presentations at this zoo, you might have to stay more than one day. The Dallas Farmers Market is a must see marketplace. The food, the vendors and the extremely memorable experience is like no other market I’ve visited. If you go, grab a street taco at La Ventana or a pork filled tamale at El Mero Mero. I have to mention the Trinity River Audubon Center for all you hikers and outdoor enthusiasts. This urban hardwood forest is an escape from the city into the distinctive Texas terrain.

5. Nashville, TN

Nashville, the home of country music, American history and so, so much to see and do. First, the must-see of all must-sees is the Country Music Hall Of Fame and the infamous Grand Ole Opry. Just the view from the outside of these famous buildings are a must see. When you get your fill of country music, head over and walk the beautiful college campuses of Vanderbilt University and Belmont University or go to the Adventure Science Center or the Belmont Mansion and spend the afternoon learning something new. The campuses are full of history and tradition and a perfect place to enjoy the outdoors. And we haven’t even mentioned Nashville’s food. Nashville has to be is a melting pot of cuisine. There are all kinds of fare to satisfy any palate. My favorites were found on the food trucks who offered quick, delicious and budget-friendly meals on the go. If you have room for pie, I recommend the peach or pecan.

The Cost of Dental Implants

The cost of dental implants, when looked at from the point of view of what it would cost to undergo just about every other form of tooth replacement, will actually be less. In many instances, this generally comes as a surprise to most people who are not dental specialists and have not been exposed to the benefits of implantation surgery.

Over the course of a person's life, there's a good possibility to some form of dental medical condition or another could eventually lead to the point where a tooth or several of them might need to be replaced with an implant. As far as a prosthetic device, a tooth implant can not only serve as an outstanding cosmetic upgrade but will also serve a far more important role.

This role is, of course, that of a new tooth. And in terms of the mouth, it's always better to have as many teeth in there as possible. Denture technology has not improved much in the last half-century, truth be told, and other forms of tooth replacement could involve much more complicated procedures which could also require increased upkeep and repair down the road.

Typically, the cost of a basic implant of a new prosthetic tooth can run from $ 1300 up to $ 3000. This is not an insignificant sum, but it can be far less in comparison to other procedures that can lead to other surgical processes to preserve the integrity of the internal structure of a person, procedures that might be needed to avoid other teeth from being lost and the like.

While it is possible in some cases that other associated dental surgeries are needed in order to ensure the effectiveness of the implant – processes related to bone regeneration work, for example – that is usually not the case, though an extreme instance of pathological condition might call for the all the teeth in an upper or low jaw be replaced with implants.

Compare the above to what it would cost to do everything related to the procedure involved in installing a dental implant that's supported by a crown, which usually runs from $ 2500 to $ 4000, and it's easy to see why the cost of dental implants, overall, will tend to be lower over the long run. This is not cheap but neither is it exorbitant.

For an idea of ​​why a dental implant costs what it does, take a look at what goes into the implantation as a procedure. Firstly, for those who are missing one or more teeth, a titanium screw is placed into the upper or lower jawbones (which one is missing the tooth) via surgical means. After this screwed is in place, the healing process must silence.

Usually, such a process takes 3 to 6 months, and it is then that the crown is placed and affixed onto that implanted screw. What's great is that the implant is permanent, with the crown able to be replaced whenever required over the years. Part of the expense involved in all of this is that a full surgical team (the dentist specialist and his or her assistants) is required.

The cost of dental implants is not something to sneeze at but it also is not out of reach of most people these days. Factor in that the implant is permanent and that the crowns can be replaced for new ones whenever they're needed, and it's hard to see much of a downside.

What Is Sex Therapy In Terms Of Sex Addiction Recovery?

What is sex therapy? It is a form of psychotherapy. In therapy, people can work with a therapist either on their own or with their spouse or partner. The issues can range from childhood trauma, abuse, neglect or intimacy to sexual concerns such as feelings or function. It is a helpful way for adults, regardless of sexual orientation, age or gender to work through their problems. In particular, sex therapy is an important part of the recovery process for many people who have struggled with sex addiction.

In general, sex therapy is conducted by licensed professionals including psychologists, physicians and therapists. CSAT’s, certified sex addiction therapists are best suited to handle the problems of sexually addicted individuals. Other professionals have a specialized expertise in the field of sexual/relationship therapy. A reputable sex therapist will have a graduate degree and credentials through the American Association of Sexuality Educators, Counselors and Therapists (AASECT).

People who are struggling with sex addiction will not always be at a point where they are ready for sex therapy. In most cases, sex therapy is meant to be a short-term treatment option. However, the treatment plan for sex therapy is based on the individual. Once a sex addict is ready for sex therapy as an individual or with his or her partner or spouse, he or she may work with the therapist to address specific treatment goals.

There is one big misconception that needs to be cleared up when it comes to sex therapy. At no time during any therapy session by certified sex therapists should there be sexual contact with the patients either in the office or off-site. If you or someone you know is going to a “therapist” who engages in contact with them, this behavior should raise a red flag. Sex therapy, like other forms of therapy involves verbal communication between the therapist and the patient.

So what exactly does sex therapy involve? Why should anyone, let alone sex addicts see a sex therapist? The answer is quite simple: Sex therapy is an effective way to help people resolve their concerns about sexual desire or arousal, sexual interests or orientation, compulsive sexual behavior, erectile dysfunction, ejaculating too quickly (premature ejaculation), trouble reaching orgasm, painful intercourse and intimacy issues related to a disability or chronic condition just to name a few. All of these concerns can be worked through with the guidance of a licensed therapist.

Let’s face it, discussing sex and intimacy issues can be a very sensitive subject. Therefore, it is important to keep in mind that sex therapists are professionals. Your therapist will help you begin to feel comfortable discussing your concerns. A therapist’s office is a safe setting where you can feel comfortable expressing yourself without judgment or condemnation. It is a place where you and your partner or spouse can learn and grow together. For sex addicts, learning how to move beyond sexually compulsive behaviors and developing healthy sexual behaviors, relationships and intimacy is of utmost importance.

It is natural to feel reluctant to take the first step and commit yourself to sex therapy. You might feel you need to somehow prepare for it. In reality, all you need to do is search for a certified therapist whom you and your spouse or partner (if you are attending as a couple) feel comfortable with and trust. A good place to start is by talking to your primary care doctor. He or she can give you a referral to either a therapist or to a sex therapy clinic. Some health insurance programs or employee programs offer recommended listings for licensed professionals such as sex therapists. Another good option is to find certified members of the AASECT in your area. Finally, if you are enrolled in a sex addiction treatment program, they might recommend a number of ideal options for you.

There are many considerations you will want to keep in mind before you decide on a therapist. It is important to research the therapist’s credentials including education, training, accreditation and licensing. For sex addicts, you may also want to know the therapist’s level of experience in dealing with issues specific to sex addiction. Other considerations might include the office location and hours, session length, treatment length, frequency of sessions, cost, insurance coverage and payment options.

Communication is essential to successful results from sex therapy. You must ensure you and your spouse or partner are comfortable with the therapist you decide on. Take some time after your consultation to evaluate how you feel about the therapist and if you feel you can develop a strong line of communication with this individual. There is no shame in asking for a referral if it isn’t a good match.

Once you have selected a therapist who you feel comfortable with, you may still be a bit apprehensive. Understanding what to expect might help ease your concerns. Initially, you should expect to discuss your sexual concerns. As a sex addict, you will need to discuss the nature of your sexual addiction and the steps you have taken for recovery. Essentially, you need to give the therapist a broad overview of your situation. Ultimately, the therapist will use this information to help you build communication and improve your intimacy problems.

If you are attending sex therapy as a couple with your spouse or partner, you should expect to be asked to do a number of homework exercises. These may include reading about sexual techniques, slowing down and concentrating on your senses during sexual encounters and changing the way you relate to your spouse or partner during sex. As a sex addict, it may also include learning to develop healthy sexual behaviors with your spouse or partner.

The length of your therapy will vary based on your particular needs. It can be as short as a handful of sessions or last for several months. Your experiences outside of therapy will play a large role in determining the direction of your therapy sessions. It is also important to remember sex therapy should not include physical contact between you and the therapist. This is not an accepted part of mainstream sex therapy treatment.

Finally, you need to remember sex therapy will often be just small part of your treatment, especially when recovering from sex addiction. Other considerations such as stress, anxiety, depression and medical issues will also require treatment. Sex therapy will help you develop healthy sexual behaviors and restore your sexual relationship with your spouse or partner.

The Brain Cancer Risk From Careless Radiation Testing at Hospitals

It started when my brother-in-law, who is kind of fond of the drink, fell down heavily at home one day when a stroke hit him. It was a minor stroke that he recovered from with a week in hospital; but to be on the safe side, the doctors recommended a kind of radiation test that they said would help them identify the exact spot the blockage existed in that had caused the blood flow problem in his brain. The radiation test was to be a procedure called the CT brain perfusion scan; it was kind of scary to hear about – it was to beam the equivalent of hundreds of x-rays worth of radiation into his brain. We might have suspected that this would cause problems later on, but all the high-tech wizardry we were surrounded by kind of helped calm our fears. And then it started – there was the perfect circle of hair that just dropped out of his head one day soon.

When we brought it up with the doctor, he didn’t say that he believed that there was something wrong with the procedure; he wondered if my brother-in-law had started combing his hair in the wrong direction. This was kind of like the way Toyota likes to blame the out-of-control acceleration in their cars on drivers getting their pedals mixed up. We began to read up, and then came this breaking story in the New York Times that really was a wake-up call. That CT brain scan was what was behind it all the time. Those machines (made by GE, Toshiba and others) didn’t have the software set up so that they would be easy for the technicians to use; the companies didn’t train the lab technicians properly, and my brother-in-law had ended up getting 10 times the radiation he should have. And there are so many people this is happening to that there’s actually a class action lawsuit being planned.

What exactly happens then when this machine zaps your brain? The most visible thing that happens right away is that you lose your hair for a few weeks. But there are more serious things that go on within. Brain cancer and memory loss happen to be real possibilities. The problem here is that there is so much going on on the cutting-edge science of radiation therapy that there has been not enough time to discover everything that can go wrong, and to establish training procedures that will help lab technicians learn their skills properly before they zap anyone into orbit. There actually is no legal limit to how much radiation they can give you either.

While they suspect that brain cancer could be a strong possibility, there hasn’t been enough time that has elapsed that they could actually find out how serious things can be. Perhaps the problem is that we’ve come to depend on safety features built into everything we use. If you don’t close the door of your microwave properly, it’s not going to work; if you don’t close the door of your car properly, it’s going to warn you repeatedly. Technicians who work these machines easily use the automated features provided, assuming that they’ve been designed to be idiot proof – to warn them when they are about to zap someone into getting brain cancer. They forget that idiot-proofing is just a consumer innovation. Professional equipment doesn’t come with these features, because they assume that technicians know what they are doing. If it’s at all comforting to hear this, a few high-ranking hospital staff at hospitals around the country have suffered the same effects. It just goes to show how light the veneer of the safety is that we take for granted.

Depression is a Real Mental Illness

Depression is a real mental illness that can not just be turned off. People suffering from depression can not just "get over it". Basically, depression is defined as a common mental disorder that alters the way a person functions through life. It can vary in its' severity and can be brought on by unfortunate or even traumatic experiences.

Feelings of failure, such as a job loss, can cause financial and relational stress leading to depression. Loss of a loved one is the most stressful of events one can experience. Depression can play a huge part in the grieving process. Changes in hormones can also trigger depression in women of all ages. Pinpointing the cause of depression can help determine treatment options.

I believe in "self-treatment". I want to share with you a few self-help tips that have helped me. In no way should these tips replace professional help. They are only little ways to help get through those difficult days.

Positive Thinking – Focus on the good things in your life. Everyone has something or someone to be thankful for. Count these blessings, they were given to you.

Exercise / Healthy Eating – Everyone can benefit from taking care of themselves. Exercise is a natural "feel good" activity. Research is underway on how poor diet and vitamin deficiencies are linked to depression.

Relax – Take some time to put your feet up. Try to eliminate as much stress from your life as possible. Stress is a huge culprit for depression.

Do What You Enjoy – Depression can steal our zest. Did you once enjoy drawing, reading or sports? Find the joy in the things you once loved to do. See if it lifts your spirits.

I also believe in "letting it out". Do not dwell, just find ways to let out feelings of sadness, anger, jealousy or whatever makes you depressed. Pretending I'm okay only makes me feel worse at the end of the day.

– Talk to someone you trust
– Write down your feelings
– Have a "good cry"

These are some of the things I do to ease my mind and my depression. I find writing the most helpful and when the tears come, just let them come. I hope you find relief as I do.

How Can I Boost My Confidence With Natural Supplements & Diet?

Can I boost my confidence without turning to prescription drugs or other similar methods? It’s a question many people faced with low self esteem have asked themselves. A lack of self esteem can lead people to make poor choices, whether it’s drug use, alcohol or engaging in other dangerous practices. But there is a safe, gentle, natural approach you can take to help improve confidence and bolster your self worth.

If you have asked yourself how can I boost my confidence, you are hardly alone. Many people struggle with lack of confidence. The first step to combating it is recognizing what causes it and then working to neutralize those causes. Confidence issues can stem from a number of sources, including disruptions in brain chemistry. When the delicate balance of neurotransmitters, hormones and other substances in the brain is disrupted, it can cause a host of emotional and physical symptoms.

Of course, emotional responses are not governed entirely by brain chemistry, but it can be a significant factor. In order to maintain healthy brain chemistry there are a number of lifestyle choices you can make involving diet, exercise and sleep. Boost my confidence by eating and sleeping? You might be thinking that seems too easy, but it really can make a tremendous difference.

Since your diet provides all of the nutrients you need to keep your body functioning properly, making sure you eat healthy is crucial. A balanced diet rich in vegetables, fruits and whole grains can make a profound difference, as can avoiding alcohol, smoking and drugs, all of which can negatively affect brain chemistry. The answer to the question how can I boost my confidence starts with these simple choices.

Equally important to boosting confidence is eliminating stress. The more stressed you are, the more difficult it can be to deal with even the simplest parts of your daily routine. If you’ve thought I want to boost my confidence, making sure that you get the proper amount of sleep so that you are relaxed and your batteries are recharged is extremely important.

Now that you’ve gotten your regular routine under control you might still be wondering how can I boost my confidence? The answer lies in 100% natural herbal remedies. Based on centuries old healing principles, these remedies help to balance brain chemistry and promote a positive outlook, restore mental equilibrium and control mood swings. If confidence is an issue for you, this can be a big step in the right direction.

Made from a unique blend of herbs and plant based ingredients, these remedies have been proven to help stabilize moods and improve self confidence. Included among the ingredients are St. John’s Wort, known for its ability to control mood swings, and Passion Flower, which is a powerful nerve tonic which can produce a sense of calm. If you want to boost my confidence, like most people tell me, then these remedies can provide a healthy, natural leg up on self esteem issues.

Feeling confident starts with doing what is best for your body, including helping to balance brain chemistry with natural herbal remedies. Take control of your health and your life and you’ll be feeling stronger and more sure of yourself…naturally.

Early Orthodontic Treatment

By looking at the dental condition of your children at this stage, dentists can actually predict the dental problems they may face in the future. Enabling them to advise treatment before the problem has a chance to develop.

The dental framework of children between the ages of 6-10 is still developing. This makes them much more responsive to any form of treatment. Orthodontic treatment can help assure that the permanent teeth, that they are yet to grow, reside in their corrected positions.

Benefits of Early Treatment
Early dental assessment and orthodontic treatment has many advantages:
• Dentists can develop a better idea as to what dental problems a child may suffer from in the future
• Prevent the need for young patients to undergo more invasive and painful treatments later on
• Significantly improve a child's smile and appearance
• Serves to boost the confidence and self-esteem of young children and prevent them from feeling dissatisfied with their looks
• Dentists can instruct children to discontinue any habits that may be harmful to their teeth like thumb-sucking or tongue pushing

The Purpose of a Dental Evaluation
A dental evaluation is not only for kids that require early orthodontic treatment. Its purpose is to assess the general dental wellness of children and their parents. It is important for families to create a bond with their dentist or orthodontist, so that in the future if their assistance is required parents or kids are not hesitant to pay them a visit and seek treatment.

Dental Conditions that would require Early Orthodontic Treatment
The following are all dental conditions that can be effectively rated through early orthodontic treatment

• Cross Bite
• Open Bite
• Deep Bite
• Overbite
• Overcrowding
• Misaligned teeth
• Spaces between teeth
• Missing Teeth

Early Orthodontic Treatment
If upon examination your orthodontist concludes that your child does in fact require orthodontic treatment. Then the treatment will be followed through a two-phase process. The first phase will begin while your child is still young and the second phase will be followed when he has matured and his permanent teeth have settled in.

The reason for this two-way approach is so that dentists can correct each aspect of their teeth at the right time; when the teeth are either still developing or when they have fully developed.

The First Phase
The first phase of orthodontic treatment basically serves to assure that the young teeth are growing in the right positions, children have not developed any bad dental habits, the jaw, lips and teeth are all functioning smoothly and most importantly, to insure that no problem develops in the future as well.

The Second Phase
In the final phase of orthodontic treatment, dentists work to make the teeth of patients absolutely flawless. In this phase, the treatment takes the approach of a more permanent solution that will effectively last a whole lifetime.

Oral Care During Pregnancy

Expecting mothers are at a higher risk of developing oral health problems, which can also have a negative impact on the growth of the baby. The article discusses more about dental problems during pregnancy and precautions that need to be taken.

Dental problems become more severe in expectant mothers because hormonal changes make their body highly susceptible to gum diseases and oral infections. The dental problems will not only affect pregnant women, but also the developing fetus. This is why it's important for expectant mothers to go for regular checkups at a dental clinic to avoid major problems and know if they need any dental work during pregnancy.

During pregnancy, lower levels of plaque can lead to several oral problems. As a matter of fact, many pregnant women will experience some level of gingivitis that is identified by swollen, red gums which bleed easily. If not treated, gingivitis could become a gum disease. Studies have also shown that women with such condition are more likely to give birth to a preterm baby.

Recently, periodontal disease (gum disease) has been featured heavily in the news due to the surprising relationships discovered between the condition and other medical problems. The studies have proven that there is a strong relationship between pregnancy and oral health because periodontal diseases are now emerging as new risk factors for premature birth, low birth weight or even stillbirth. It sees as if this disease might have the same impact on those complications as smoking, alcohol and drug use.

Good oral hygiene and essential dental work during pregnancy is important if the mother wants to avoid oral infection and painful complications, which can affect the unborn baby. A balanced diet can help significantly in preventing dental problems. Other ways to prevent these problems would be to brush twice daily with a good anti-cavity toothpaste as well as to avoid food with sugar content and other ingredients that can cause tooth decay.

Infection in the gums and teeth can spread easily through the body and negatively affect the health of the fetus. It is advisable to visit a dentist to get recommendations for antibiotics which are safe to take during pregnancy. Any tooth pain that is experienced during pregnancy should be treated promptly to avoid an infection.

Many dentists will advise against dental work during pregnancy , especially if the procedures are requested during the first trimester, to lower the risk to developing embryo. Stressful dental procedures are also not recommended in the third trimester in order to avoid inducing premature labor.

If you are experiencing bleeding after brushing or flossing or notice that you have receding gums, then you might have a gum disease. It is better to consult your dentist to get oral care recommendations to improve gum health. Always remember that having healthy gums is very important for you to maintain good general health.

Vitamins For Menopause – Naturally!

Are vitamin for menopause treatments effective? Menopause is the transitional period in a women's life where fertility functions begin to shut down and with it come a host of symptoms which in many cases, catch people off guard. So how important are vitamins in the treatment of menopausal symptoms?

The most common treatment for menopause is hormone replacement therapy (HRT). One of the largest anomalies with this is that women will typically be offered HRT if they are exhibiting symptoms however, in many cases, these symptoms may not be menopause related at all but attributed to other health conditions. In other words, they are aging related.

Vitamins For A Healthy Body

Being prepared for the sunset of menopause does not mean you need to stand behind a barricade and keep a lookout for it. Keeping your body healthy and ready to manage this natural occurring process is important. Good vitamin intake in association with a balanced diet means you are giving yourself every chance to adjust to menopause when it "arrives." So a vitamin for menopause treatment should be a carefully considered option.

One of the largest benefits of vitamin supplements is their role in maintaing a healthy bone structure. Recent studies conclude that bone formation can be impaired without adequate levels of vitamin K. Estrogen levels drop during early menopause and findings suggest that vitamin K function is diminished even before bone loss occurs. So in actual fact, the suggestion is that the accepted level of this vitamin is not adequate enough during the initial phase of menopause. Vitamin K has been the subject of a host of studies in relation to menopause and may not yet be completely understood.

Benefits Of Vitamins For Menopause

What is understood though is the function of vitamins such as B, C and E. Vitamin B has long been known as an active combatant against symptoms of stress and reduced energy levels. A good B complex can aid in the recovery from energy depletion and other related symptoms.

Vitamin E has "scored many bouquets" for having an effect on the incidence of hot flushes. It has also been found useful in aid vaginal dryness, a common complaint of menopause. Vitamin E has a further multiplication benefit when taken in conjunction with some mineral nutrients.

The benefits of vitamin C have long been known, particularly in the area of ​​treatment for illnesses such as colds and flus however, it has also been effective in reducing incidence of hot flushes in menopausal women as well as having the ability to promote elasticity in the skin. This has added benefits in both preventing and also treating vaginal dryness.

Maintaining a healthy disposition long before menopause is even a factor can only be helpful in transitioning this natural stage of life. A vitamin for menopause treatment should be a strong option and one you should discuss with your health physician. There are many vitamin products on the market today and they are not all created equal. You may have to probe deeper than just settling for those you see on the supermarket shelves and sometimes consider products not available in the main shopping arena.