Lymphedema

Lymphedema is a medical condition that is the result of the malfunctioning of the lymphatic system, characterized by the buildup of fluids in various parts of the body, especially the legs. Injury to the lymphatic system like a surgery for the removal of the lymph vessels or nodes is generally the cause for this condition. It is mostly seen in persons who have had radiation therapy or surgery to treat cancer. Occasionally, chronic infection may be a cause for lymphedema in the legs.

The role of the lymphatic system is to transport the nutrients within the body and to move the harmful elements to the bloodstream for elimination. When the lymph vessels are injured, there is obstruction to this function which leads to pooling of the fluids causing lymphedema. Lymphoedema can be primary or secondary; primary lymphedema is genetically inherited wherein the lymphatic system is not properly developed. It could show up at birth or later, during the teenage years. Secondary lymphedema is acquired by the patient as a result of cancer treatment or a surgery to remove the lymph nodes.

Usually patients who are at high risk of getting lymphedema are advised by doctors to be alert to the symptoms. Cancer patients who have undergone radiation or surgery are always monitored by doctors for early signs of the condition. Lymphadema often recurs in such patients and hence they are advised to take preventive measures so as to delay the onset. Other causes can be blood clots, burns, parasitic infections and deep vein thrombosis. Some medications could also serve as a trigger for a lymph edema attack.

This condition can only be managed with the use of compression bandages, special compression stockings, compression sleeves and garments. Exercising the limbs is a good way to keep up the circulation of the fluids in the body. Decongestive therapy is the most favored and effective method of treatment and diet is probably the most important of all. There are other forms of treatment like the use of mechanical pumps for manual lymph drainage. Pumps can be used where the patient does not have easy access to a therapist to perform the massage.

The skin is greatly affected in case of people suffering from lymph edema. Therefore, skin care is a major part of the treatment therapy for lymphedema. The skin can get dry and cracked as a result of the swelling. Cracked and dry skin is easily prone to infections and can be an entry point for bacteria. Hence it is necessary for lymphedema patients to follow a daily routine of cleaning the skin and moisturizing it with oils and skin creams. Lymphoedema is not curable but can only be prevented. Patients therefore have to take care throughout their lives to avoid the ailment. Constant monitoring for early symptoms enables a quick treatment before the situation gets out of hand. Those who suffer from lymphedema may well display the details on medical bracelets to provide information to medical personnel in case of an emergency.

MVR – Mitral Valve Disease treatment in India at affordable low Cost

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MVR

Mitral Valve Stenosis

Mitral valve stenosis, (mitral stenosis) is a narrowing of the mitral valve. With narrowing, the valve does not open properly and obstructs blood flow between the left chambers of the heart.

If not treated, mitral stenosis can weaken the heart, lead to heart failure or heart enlargement, and cause irregular heartbeats. Other potentially serious complications can include stroke, heart infection, pulmonary edema (water on the lungs) and blood clots.

Within a few days, a team of heart valve disease specialists at from We Care coordinates the patient’s care to provide a complete examination, diagnosis and extensive patient education. These specialists see patients ranging from those who might want to have a heart murmur checked, to those who have been told they have advanced mitral heart valve disease.

Symptoms of Mitral Valve Stenosis

  • Shortness of breath, especially with physical exertion (exercise) or when the person lies down
  • Fatigue, especially during increased activity
  • Swollen feet or ankles
  • Heart palpitations — sensations of a rapid, fluttering heartbeat
  • Dizziness or fainting spells
  • Frequent respiratory infections, such as bronchitis
  • Heavy coughing, sometimes with blood-tinged sputum
  • Rarely, chest discomfort or chest pain

Causes of Mitral Valve Stenosis

Rheumatic fever : – In some people, the body’s response to the strep throat infection leads to mitral valve damage that causes the valve to become inflamed, thicken, and leak (mitral regurgitation)…

Congenital heart defect : – Some infants are born with a narrowed mitral valve and develop mitral stenosis early in life. Babies born with this problem usually…

Mitral Valve Regurgitation

Mitral valve regurgitation, or mitral regurgitation, occurs when the mitral valve doesn’t close tightly and blood flows backward in the heart. Mitral regurgitation from mitral valve prolapse is the most common reason for surgical treatment. If not treated, mitral valve regurgitation can lead to congestive heart failure. Treatment depends on the severity of regurgitation, how far mitral valve disease has progressed, and signs and symptoms of the disease.

Symptoms of Mitral Valve Regurgitation

Signs and symptoms of mitral regurgitation depend on how severely and quickly the condition develops. Most often, mitral regurgitation is mild, and severe mitral regurgitation develops slowly. If no symptoms develop for decades, the patient may not know the condition is present.

Diagnosis of Mitral Valve Disease

Diagnosis begins with a complete physical examination by a team of heart specialists. Patients will be asked about their general health, including signs and symptoms of potential problems, and whether their family has a history of heart disease. Tests listed below may be used to determine the possible cause of a heart valve defect, the severity of the problem, and…

Treatment of Mitral Valve Disease

Treatment options for mitral valve disease can include : –

Careful Monitoring : – If tests reveal a mild to moderate condition and the patient has no symptoms, the physician might suggest regular medical checkups to carefully monitor the mitral valve.

Medications : – Medications can help reduce the heart’s workload and regulate its rhythm. In some cases, medication can slow progressive mitral valve disease. However, no medications can cure heart valve disease.

Surgery for Mitral Valve Disease in India

At some point, the risks from a leaking or narrowed heart valve (including blood clots, heart enlargement, stroke, and heart failure) become greater than the risks of surgery to fix the problem. We Care partner cardiovascular experts…

Surgery to Treat Mitral Regurgitation – Mitral Valve Repair in India

Surgery to fix leaking (regurgitation) due to mitral valve prolapse (bulge due to weakening) depends on the prolapse’s location. The mitral valve is a bileaflets valve; it has two flaps or leaflets: posterior and anterior .

If the prolapse occurs on the posterior leaflet, We Care partner surgeons repair it by removing a section from the bulging area, sewing the cut edges back together, and sewing an annuloplasty band into the posterior section of the annulus (ring of fibrous tissue surrounding the leaflets) to reduce its circumference and ensure that the leaflets close properly. The durability of this repair is very good; only about 0.5 percent of patients per year require a second surgery…

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We Care Core Values

We have a very simple business model that keeps you as the centre.

Having the industry’s most elaborate and exclusive Patient Care and Clinical Coordination teams stationed at each partner hospital, we provide you the smoothest and seamless care ever imagined. With a ratio of one Patient Care Manager to five patients our patient care standards are unmatched across the sub continent.

Heart Attack Symptoms in Men in Urdu

The hour, immediately after the heart attack symptoms in men, are displayed, is the most crucial hour and hence, is known as the ‘Golden Hour’. If treatment is not rendered in this hour, the chances of survival are reduced with every passing minute. It is important to note that heart attack symptoms in men differ from heart attack symptoms in women. Before we get to know what are heart attack symptoms in men, lets first understand what is a heart attack.

What is a Heart Attack?
Heart attack is when the blood supply in a coronary artery is stopped due to a blood clot. Due to this interrupted blood flow a heart muscle is either damaged or destroyed. Death of a muscle in the heart, is responsible for chest pain and the electrical instability of the heart muscle tissue. A heart attack is also referred to as myocardial infarction. ‘Myocardium’ refers to the heart muscle. ‘Infarction’ means death of a tissue due to lack of oxygen in the area. For more information on how to indentify symptoms, you can refer to silent heart attack symptoms.( heart attack tips in urdu )

Previously, a majority of heart attacks were fatal, but now with increased awareness, death rate due to heart attacks have come down drastically. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation administered within five minutes of the attack, helps save the patient’s life. Read on how to prevent a heart attack here.

Heart Attack Symptoms in Men
More than 60% of men who suffer an heart attack experience heart attack symptoms before the actual heart attack. Very often men choose to neglect the symptoms, which leads to complications. You can also refer to early heart attack symptoms. Mentioned below are a few most important heart attack symptoms in men.
•Chest Pain: This is one of the most common symptoms of heart attack. The pain is a squeezing pain in center of the chest. This pain often lasts for more than a few minutes. The patient can also experience pressure or fullness in the chest.
•Discomfort: Along with the chest pain most patients complain about discomfort. If you have both these signs of heart attack, then call for emergency help immediately.
•Pain in other Body Parts: The chest pain can extend to other body parts as well. Shoulder, arms, back, teeth or jaw are the parts where a person can experience pain. It is sometimes observed that there is no pain in the chest, but a nagging pain in the shoulder, arms or back. This pain is more often than not neglected which causes complications. Therefore, it is important that pain experienced in parts other than the chest is not neglected as well.
•Pain in upper abdomen: Pressure that is building up in the chest is passed down to the abdomen, causing prolonged upper abdomen pain. At times it is also called ‘referred pain’ in the abdomen.
•Shortness of Breath: This is another very common heart attack symptom in men. Since there is no sufficient supply of blood to a certain muscle in the heart, that part lacks in oxygen, which causes shortness of breath.
•Sweating: Sweating profusely can indicate an impending heart attack, but people assume that it is got to do with feeling warm. It is important that the reason behind sweating is analyzed, so that the person can be treated in the nick of time and the heart attack does not prove to be fatal.
•Fainting: There are many reasons behind fainting. Heart attack is also one of them. In case you have noticed any of the other symptoms even for a brief period of time, before the fainting episode, then do not waste any time and seek medical help immediately.
•Nausea and Vomiting: Apart from many other reasons associated with nausea and vomiting, it can also be caused by a heart attack. Purging can also be coupled with blood. This is also a sign of an impending heart attack. In such a case, it is very important that you seek medical help immediately, as it is a warning sign that a heart attack is on its way.
•Lightheaded Feeling: A feeling of lightheadedness is also a heart attack warning sign.
•Anxiety: Many people suffer from a sudden panic attack for no apparent reason before a heart attack. They assume that their doomsday is close by.
•Indigestion: Indigestion and heart burn can also be caused due to a heart attack.

Heart Attack Symptoms in Men in Urdu

The hour, immediately after the heart attack symptoms in men, are displayed, is the most crucial hour and hence, is known as the ‘Golden Hour’. If treatment is not rendered in this hour, the chances of survival are reduced with every passing minute. It is important to note that heart attack symptoms in men differ from heart attack symptoms in women. Before we get to know what are heart attack symptoms in men, lets first understand what is a heart attack.

What is a Heart Attack?
Heart attack is when the blood supply in a coronary artery is stopped due to a blood clot. Due to this interrupted blood flow a heart muscle is either damaged or destroyed. Death of a muscle in the heart, is responsible for chest pain and the electrical instability of the heart muscle tissue. A heart attack is also referred to as myocardial infarction. ‘Myocardium’ refers to the heart muscle. ‘Infarction’ means death of a tissue due to lack of oxygen in the area. For more information on how to indentify symptoms, you can refer to silent heart attack symptoms.( heart attack tips in urdu )

Previously, a majority of heart attacks were fatal, but now with increased awareness, death rate due to heart attacks have come down drastically. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation administered within five minutes of the attack, helps save the patient’s life. Read on how to prevent a heart attack here.

Heart Attack Symptoms in Men
More than 60% of men who suffer an heart attack experience heart attack symptoms before the actual heart attack. Very often men choose to neglect the symptoms, which leads to complications. You can also refer to early heart attack symptoms. Mentioned below are a few most important heart attack symptoms in men.
•Chest Pain: This is one of the most common symptoms of heart attack. The pain is a squeezing pain in center of the chest. This pain often lasts for more than a few minutes. The patient can also experience pressure or fullness in the chest.
•Discomfort: Along with the chest pain most patients complain about discomfort. If you have both these signs of heart attack, then call for emergency help immediately.
•Pain in other Body Parts: The chest pain can extend to other body parts as well. Shoulder, arms, back, teeth or jaw are the parts where a person can experience pain. It is sometimes observed that there is no pain in the chest, but a nagging pain in the shoulder, arms or back. This pain is more often than not neglected which causes complications. Therefore, it is important that pain experienced in parts other than the chest is not neglected as well.
•Pain in upper abdomen: Pressure that is building up in the chest is passed down to the abdomen, causing prolonged upper abdomen pain. At times it is also called ‘referred pain’ in the abdomen.
•Shortness of Breath: This is another very common heart attack symptom in men. Since there is no sufficient supply of blood to a certain muscle in the heart, that part lacks in oxygen, which causes shortness of breath.
•Sweating: Sweating profusely can indicate an impending heart attack, but people assume that it is got to do with feeling warm. It is important that the reason behind sweating is analyzed, so that the person can be treated in the nick of time and the heart attack does not prove to be fatal.
•Fainting: There are many reasons behind fainting. Heart attack is also one of them. In case you have noticed any of the other symptoms even for a brief period of time, before the fainting episode, then do not waste any time and seek medical help immediately.
•Nausea and Vomiting: Apart from many other reasons associated with nausea and vomiting, it can also be caused by a heart attack. Purging can also be coupled with blood. This is also a sign of an impending heart attack. In such a case, it is very important that you seek medical help immediately, as it is a warning sign that a heart attack is on its way.
•Lightheaded Feeling: A feeling of lightheadedness is also a heart attack warning sign.
•Anxiety: Many people suffer from a sudden panic attack for no apparent reason before a heart attack. They assume that their doomsday is close by.
•Indigestion: Indigestion and heart burn can also be caused due to a heart attack.

Heart Diseases in Women

Doctors now know that heart disease is so deadly for women that their chances of dying from it are one in two. That means basically that either you or your best girlfriend is likely to die of a heart attack, stroke , or related heart problem. Doctors have traditionally used a one-size-fits-all approach to identifying and diagnosing heart disease. In this view, women often lack the “classic” signs of reduced blood flow to part of the heart, a condition known as ischemia. Doctors and patients often attribute chest pains in women to noncardiac causes, leading to misinterpretation of their condition. Men usually experience crushing chest pain during a heart attack.

Cardiovascular disease encompasses the diseases of the heart and the blood vessels. These develop and progress slowly over our lifetime and often without symptoms. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) accounts for more deaths than the next seven causes of death in women combined, including all forms of cancer. Since 1984, men have experienced a decline in deaths due to CVD; women have not. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the number one killer of women in the United States. Long thought of as primarily affecting men, we now know that CVD—including heart disease, hypertension, and stroke—also affects a substantial number of women.

Estrogen provides a beneficial effect on the arteries. When estrogen production slows down, women lose that protective effect,” Even so, Kusler adds, women in their 30s and 40s still experience heart attacks. Estrogen serves as protection against heart disease in women, therefore once a woman has gone through menopause her risk increases dramatically.

Risk of coronary events begins to decline within months of stopping smoking and reaches the level of persons who have never smoked within 3 to 5 years. Sadly, though, smoking cessation rates have declined more slowly among women than men. Risk was not associated with dose or duration of use of estrogen and did not persist after oral contraceptives were discontinued.

African Americans are at substantially higher risk for death from CVD than are whites. This difference is attributable in part to a greater risk for strokes and a higher prevalence of high blood pressure among African Americans. African American and Hispanic women, who are at higher risk of heart disease than white women, continue to have lower rates of awareness.

Aspirin therapy is recommended for women over age 65 to prevent heart attack and stroke as long as blood pressure is controlled and the benefit is likely to outweigh the risk of gastrointestinal side effects. Regular use of aspirin is not recommended for healthy women under age 65 to prevent heart attacks. Aspirin treatment reduced risk of subsequent cardiovascular events by about 25%. Lipid-lowering therapy also appears to provide substantial benefit in secondary prevention in women. Aspirin has also been shown to be of preventive benefit in women to reduce the incidence of coronary artery disease and strokes. In women with multiple risk factors for coronary artery disease, a dose of 325 mg per day is recommended, while in lower-risk women, 81 mg is probably sufficient.

Other or Different Types of Tuberculosis?

Website address: http://knowingabout.co.uk/tbandu/index.html

When people including doctors are writing about tuberculosis they usually begin: “Tuberculosis is spread by………” or “Tuberculosis symptoms are……..”. This is wrong. Most people are usually speaking of ONE type of tuberculosis in fact PULMONARY (Lung) TUBERCULOSIS.
It is easier to think of tuberculosis in a similar way to cancer. Tuberculosis like cancer can affect ANY part of the body.
For the uninitiated there are many types of tuberculosis and many diseases related to tb that are called tuberculosis.

Parts of the body infected by tuberculosis include:

Tuberculosis meningitis: Brain
This is caused by the spread of Mycobacterium tuberculosis to the brain,
from another site in the body. The symptoms usually begin gradually.

Genitourinary TB: see also uterus tb below
In men, genital TB may present as epididymitis or a scrotal mass.
In women, genital Tb may mimic pelvic inflammatory disease.
This type of TB causes approximately 10% of sterility in women worldwide and approximately 1% in industrialized countries.

Gastrointestinal TB:
Any site along the gastrointestinal tract may become infected.

Tuberculosis lymphadenitis (scrofula): Lymph
The most common site is in the neck along the sternocleidomastoid muscle. It usually is unilateral. It usually is unilateral, with little or no pain. Advanced disease may suppurate and form a draining sinus.

Cutaneous TB: TB of the skin
Several different types of cutaneous TB exist.
Direct infection of the skin or mucous membranes from an outside source of
mycobacteria results in an initial lesion called the tuberculous chancre

Uterus Ovarian TB:
Female genital organs are one of the common sites to be involved in women.
It is a chronic disease and bacteria may remain for long time
slowly destroying the organs. The disease may remain totally symptomless or may lead to pelvic pain,
Infertility may be caused even by early or minimal disease.

Osteo-articular Skeletal – Bone – Joint TB:
The most common site of a involvement is the spine “Potts diseases.
Symptoms include back pain or stiffness. Lower extremity paralysis occurs
in as many as half the patients with undiagnosed Potts disease
Tuberculous arthritis usually involves only 1 joint.
Although any point may be involved, the hip of the knee is affected most commonly, followed by the ankle, elbow, wrist, hip or the knee is affected most commonly, followed by the ankle, elbow wrist and shoulder.

Other types of tuberculosis
Below is a listing of some infections that are not actually tuberculosis but caused by a bacteria related to it. (Note the term mycobacterium). And yet they are still called tuberculosis or Environmental tuberculosis, or Atypical Tuberculosis. The proper name for these infections is actually NTM- “Non tuberculosis mycobacterium”

  • Mycobacterium Avium-Intracellulare
  • Mycobacterium Chelonae
  • Mycobacterium Fortuitum
  • Mycobacterium Gordonae
  • Mycobacterium Haemophilum
  • Mycobacterium Kansasii
  • Mycobacterium Marinum
  • Mycobacterium Xenopi

I write this because too many people including doctors use the word tuberculosis as a coverall word. When I was diagnosed with tuberculosis I was told it was a “special type” of tuberculosis, and then told it was a “different type” of tuberculosis when in fact I had been diagnosed with Mycobacterium Chelonei which is NOT actually tuberculosis.

For the record I later found out I had been misdiagnosed!

How to Gain More Hair On Your Head Using Herbal Treatments

Hair loss is the most common problem nowadays, that people face all over the globe. While there are hundreds of cosmetics, shampoos, oils and chemicals that boast of hair loss prevention, the natural hair loss remedies are no less in providing hair loss solutions. As much as we might try to avoid talking about it, hair loss is a common affliction that affects both men and women. If you are experiencing mild to moderate hair loss, there are a few natural remedies you can try to slow hair loss and even promote new hair growth.

1. Coconut oil is also useful as a home remedy for hair loss. In half cup of coconut oil add some dry pieces of Indian goosebery (amla). Boil the mixture for some time and then let it cool for some time. Apply it to the scalp. This is very useful in preventing hair loss.

2. Use Essential Oils: Lavender and other essential oils when massaged to the hair helps promote hair growth. The essential oils have mild antibacterial properties and help soothe the scalp thus, helping in hair regrowth and stopping hair loss.

3. Eggs have often been used as a natural conditioner, but they can also be used to promote hair growth. Egg yokes are a natural source of protein, which aids in repairing damaged hair as well as promoting new growth. Simply beat an egg, pour the mixture over your head and let it sit for an hour. Then thoroughly wash it out. This can be performed weekly.

4. Add 1 teaspoon of mustard seeds to 1 cup of water. Boil the mixture. Cool it for 5minutes and then drink this concoction.

5. Aloe vera and coconut milk, when mixed together in correct proportion have been found to be useful in hair loss problems. Along with its many uses such as treatments for skin conditions and its healing properties, aloe vera is one of the best remedies for hair loss and is an excellent hair conditioner as well. Apply aloe vera gel on the scalp, leave on for fifteen minutes and then wash off with cold water. You can get the gel at many drugstores or obtain the fresh aloe gel from the plant itself.

6. Make a fine paste from the seeds of black pepper and lime or pigeon pea and red gram. Both cure baldness and hair loss although the former can be mildly irritating.

7. Fenugreek Seed Paste for Hair: A paste of ground fenugreek seeds mixed with water is one of the best remedies for hair growth. This home remedy for hair growth helps slough off the dead cells and allows the hair to growth effectively.

8. Well-balanced food, rich in iron, vitamins, proteins and nutrients along with plenty of water, sleep and exercise is good for hair.

Brain Cancer Causes in Urdu

Explaining Brain Cancer

Brain cancer or brain tumor (malignant) as simply put, is an abnormal growth of cells in the brain. To go ahead and further define it, it is any intra-cranial cancer instigated by uncontrolled and abnormal division of cells. It could be either in the brain, in the pineal nerves or in the cranial nerves. The interesting though shocking aspect is that those cells which form the components of the brain can lead to cancer. There is one thing which needs to be clarified. All the brain tumors are not malignant or cancerous. On the other hand, any type of cancer is tumor which is malignant. This abnormal growth is nothing but a mass of cells coming together.

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Brain Cancer Causes and Symptoms

Before we go on to causes of brain cancer, lets see what are the symptoms first. The symptoms are:
•Headache
•Weakness
•Clumsiness
•Difficulty Walking
•Seizures
•Changes in concentration, memory, attention, or alertness
•Nausea, vomiting, especially early in the morning
•Vision Abnormalities
•Difficulty with speech
After the symptoms, lets take a look at the causes. Read more on
•Brain Tumor Symptoms in Adults
•Brain Cancer Symptoms
What Causes Brain Cancer

Radiation: Radiation is a major cause of brain cancer. Those who work in an industry where maximum work is related to nuclear energy, face the risk of getting brain cancer. The nuclear radiations are extremely harmful for the body.

Genetics and Heredity: If a person has history of brain cancer in their family, it can cause brain cancer. In other cases if there is a certain type of genetic mutation, where an individual could lack a particular type of tumor suppressing genes, it may lead to cancer.

Cancer in Other Parts of the body: This is one of the most common reason for brain cancer. These are called secondary brain tumors. These result from cancer initiated in some other part of the body and then spreads to the brain. These are more rampant than primary brain cancers. Most common amongst these are breast cancer, lung cancer, colon cancer, kidney cancer, melanoma (skin cancer), sarcoma and neuroblastoma.

Brain Tumor: As mentioned earlier, tumor may not necessarily be cancerous, but a cancer inevitably is a manifestation of malignant tumor cells. Thus, if there are tumor cells in the brain and they get malignant, it leads to brain cancer. Primary brain cancer is caused when the healthy and normal cells are mutated. Primary brain cancer cases are less in number than secondary though. Thus, tumor is one of the possible causes of brain cancer. Read more on stage 4 brain cancer.

Environmental Factors: Exposure to Vinyl Chloride is another factor causing brain cancer. Certain products made of plastic have this cancer causing agent. These could be plastic parts of a car, household items and types of wires.

Other Causes: Other brain cancer causes are smoking, HIV/Aids infection, work involving the chemicals formaldehyde and Acrylonitrile. There are other factors too, like age, race and sex. Men, apparently are more prone to cancer than women.

Although these are the most obvious and ‘straight in the eye’ reasons for what causes brain cancer, there is still a lot of research going on as to why and how exactly does this happen and why do these cells go in a tizzy and create problems for the body. Brain cancer causes are thus, ambiguous and the above causes are the most common on which a lot of studies have been done. This is where I sign off. Take Care!

What Causes And Symptoms Of Pneumonia?

Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs that is caused by many infectious agents like viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and mycoplasma. The tiny air sacs in the lung area became inflamed and filled with mucus and pus, which result to inhibiting oxygen to reach in the blood.

There are five types of Pneumonia, the first one is Lobar pneumonia, the second is bacterial pneumonia, the third viral pneumonia, the fourth is fungal pneumonia and the  lastly mycoplasma pneumonia.

Lobar pneumonia is an infection in just one side of the lung. Symptoms may vary and one of the usual are fever, chills, cough, bloody sputum, muscle aches, fatigue, soar throat, enlarged lymph glands in the neck, pain in the chest, and difficult respiration.

Now Bacterial pneumonia is a very dangerous infection because it may come as of either suddenly or gradually. Those people that had a surgery, weak immune system, alcoholic, respiratory weak and have viral diseases are much at risk. The usual symptoms includes shaking, chills, and high in temperature. Also a rust-colored sputum is produced and breathing becomes rapid and labored. Chest pain worsens upon inhalation, abdominal pain and fatigue are very common, but this type of pneumonia gradually spreads from one person to another.

Children that are young, older adults, and people that have weak immune system are very prone and vulnerable to the life-threatening effects of this illness. In the United States Pneumonia is now the fifth leading cause of death. Pneumonia usually leaves its victims with a weakness to persist for four to eight weeks after its acute phase of infection.

Viral pneumonia may come also suddenly and gradually and the symptoms may come as the same as bacterial pneumonia – can be mild, severe or any of it. But it is less serious than bacterial pneumonia infection.

Fungal pneumonia is much less common and is often associated with weakened immune system. People having HIV, AIDS, or certain types of cancer are most likely to be affected.

Mycoplasma pneumonia (walking pneumonia) is caused by an agent that is unclassified but appears to be both bacterium and virus. This infection affects people under forty and the symptoms tend to be less severe than the viral or bacterial pneumonia.

One of the most effective natural pneumonia treatment is the self-administered oxygen therapy on which almost of the European doctors recommend. Further studies confirm that microbes, harmful bacteria’s and viruses such as pneumonia, cancer, heart diseases and even aids, do not cause the disease by themselves. But when there is oxygen depletion in the body this said ailments spreads through out the natural habitat of the human body. When oxygen depletion occurs our body becomes acidic, which makes our own immune system weak and can be easily be taken down by all kinds of viruses and reproducing more harmful bacteria’s respectively. Doctor’s conclude and recommend the first line of defense is to make our system highly oxygenated. Explore and study more of this effective therapy.

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Properties and action of oils used in Massage (DALAK)

Properties and action of oils used in Dalak

Roghan-e Amla Khas

Composition: Emblica officinalis (Amla sabz) 250 gm, Eclipta erecta (Bhangra sabz) 250 gm, Lawsonia alba (Leaves mehndi) 250 gm, Valeriana afficinalis (balchar) 50 gm, Zingiber zerumbet ( Zarnabad) 50 gm, Sesamum indicum oil (Roghan Kunjad) 1 lit. +125 ml

Action: Inhibits falling hairs.

Roghan-e Azaraqi

Composition (Azaraqi) 125 gm, Sesamum indicum ( Roghan Kunjad) 750 ml

Action Anti inflammatory (Tahleel-e waram), Anti arthritis and Analgesic.

Roghan-e Babuna

Composition: Matricaria chamomilla (Gul-e Babuna) 100 gm, Sesamum indicum (Roghan-e Kunjad) 300 gm

Action: Cervical Spondilysis, Anti inflammatory, Anti arthritis, Analgesic, Anti phlogistic such as Pneumonia and Pleurisy.

Roghan-e Banafsha

Composition: Viola odorata (Gul-e Banafsha) 300gm, Sesamum indicum (Roghan Kunjad) 3 litere +375ml

Action: Analgesic for headache (Shuddah), Insomnia (Sahar) and Sudoritic.

Roghan-e Bayed- Anjeer

Composition: Maghz-e Bayed-anjeer As req.

Action: Constipation (orally) 25-50 ml, Arthritis (locally).

Roghan-e Baiza-Murgh

Composition: Poultry eggs (Murghi ke anday) 10 Nos, Petroleum etner (Petrol safaid) 1 litere Or Sesamum indicum oil (Roghn-Kunjad) 700 ml Indication: Hair growth Promoter, Prevents premature graying of hair Aphrodisiaces.

Roghan-e Badam shirin

Composition: Prunus amygdalus (Maghz-badam shirin) As req.

Indication: Constipation due to intestinal dry ness, Anodyne and sudorific, Pestoratine and tonicDoes: 5-10 ml with 250 ml milk in constipation, Also L/A Hair and part of the body with massage

Roghan-e Mom

Composition: Bees wax (Mom desi) 1kg, Acacia Arabica (Charcol /kikar ka koila) 50 gm,

Indication: General analgesic, Anti arthritic, Anti Colic, Emollient for scalds and burns, Anti phlogistic such as Pneumonia, Pleurisy

Roghan-e Mastagi

Compositión: Pistacia lentiscus (mastagi) 75 gm, Sesamum indicus (Roghn-kujad)         700 ml

Indication: Hardness of the Liver, Spleen, Muscles, Nervine tonic

Roghan-e Aakh

Composition: Caloptropis gigantea (Gule- akh taza) 200 gm, Zingiber officinali (Zanjibil) 100 gm, Colchicum autumnale (Suranjan talkh) 100 gm, Sesamum indicum oil (Roghan kunjad) 850 ml

Indication: Gout, rheumatic arthritis, Lumbago, Analgesic for pain in the leg, joints

Roghan-e Kaddu

Composition: Lagenaria siceraria (Maghaz-e Tukhum kaddu) As req.

Indication: Analgesic, Sudoritic and Cerebral tonic.

Roghan-e Surkh

Composition: Calotropis gigantea (Buró-aakh taza) 100 gm, Allium sativum (lehsan) 40 gm, Berberis aristata (Darhald nimkofta) 20 gm, Curcuma longa (Haldi) 20 gm, Santalum album (burada sandal safaid) 20 gm, Strychnos nux-vomica (hab-ul gharab) 20 gm, Zingiber zerumbet (Nar kachur) 20 gm, Red oily dyc (Roghani rand) 1 gm, Brassica integritolia (Roghan-e Sarson) 250 ml, Brassica cernua (Roghan-e Rai) 450 ml, Cinna momum officinalis (Roghan-e darchini) 5 ml, Clove oil (Roghan-e Luang) 5 ml

Indication: Facial parálysis (Laqwa), Paralysis (Faliz), Gout (Nakarash), Gonagra, Podagra, Omagra, Sciatica and Lumbago, Vulnerary, anti phlogistic like Pneumonia, Pleurisy. Allied diseases due to accumulation of uric acid and crystal

Roghan-e Dhatura

Composition: Datura metal (Tukhm datura siyaha) 100 gm, Sesamum indicum oil (Til ka tail) 250 ml, Indication: Palsy Paralysis, Facial Paralysis and Gout.

Roghan Amla

Strengthens brain, hair roots and prevents falling hair and retains their blackness

Rub on the head whenever required.

Rogan Auja Sufaid

Helps in all types of pain of organs and gases. Effective in swelling of internal trauma and external trauma.

Apply on the affected area.

Rogan Azaraqi

Strengthens nerves, effective in paralysis gouts and tremory.

Apply on the affected area.

Roghan Babchi

Is useful to vitiligo (leucoderma)

Apply on the affected area whenever required.

Roghan Babuna

Helps to heal internal swelling reduces pain

Apply lukewarm roghan on the affected area brings sleep.

Roghan Badam

Dub in the scalp, it strengthens brain, soothes tired nerves and induces sleep, when given orally it removes dryness and constipation

For constipation, add milk and drink. For weakness of brain apply it on head.

Roghan Banafsha

Strengthens brain, removes dryness of the chest and induces sleep

Rub whenever required

Roghan Bars

Helps to improve blood circulation at the affected white spots area. Brings back originally of skin.

Rub on the white spots whenever required.

Roghan Baiza Murgh

Strengthens brain and brings potency. Prevents premature graying of the hair.

Rub on the scalp region. For potency apply on the male genital organs.

Roghan Chahar Barg

Effective in rheumatism and sciatica, redness and swelling

Rub on the affected part

Roghana Farfiyun

Effective in swelling of joints.

Apply on the affected part

Roghan Gul

Effective in headache and insomnia also relieves tension

Apply in head while sleeping

Roghan Haft Barg

Effective in swelling, rheumatism and sciatica

Apply on the affected part

Roghan Kahu

Brings sleep effective in headache

Apply on the affected area twice a day

Roghan Kamila

Reduces swelling, effective in baldness and itching

Apply on the affected area twice a day

Roghan Kharateen

Helps to bring vigour and vitality to the male reproductive organ

Apply on the organ

Roghan Khashkhash

Effective in insomnia and headache.

Apply on the head and forehead

Roghan Laboob Sada

Effective in weakness and dryness of the brain, chromic insomnia and headaches

Rub gently on the forehead and scalp wound in it

Roghan Laung

Effective in toothache and headache.

Apply with cotton on the wound and in headache rub on the head.

Roghan Loban

Heals the wound, destroys germs.

Apply on the affected part

Roghan Malkangni

Strengthens nerves, effective in rheumatism, sciatica, and backache

Apply on the affected part

What Are The Causes Of My Rib Pain

Rib pain is not always caused by a rib injury. There are also a number of illnesses that trigger rib discomfort, which means it can sometimes be difficult to determine the source of the problem. In this article, we’ll cover some that are obvious, but we’ll also endeavor to describe some rib pain causes that are not widely known to the general public.

Let’s look at rib injuries first.

Fractured (Broken) or Cracked Ribs – Very often, you don’t even need an x-ray to diagnose a cracked or broken rib (your doctor will undoubtedly order one nonetheless). The pain from this type of rib injury can be intense and very severe. Pain from a cracked is broken rib can be so intense that many people say it’s the worst pain they’ve ever felt. Rib fractures occur most often because of athletic competition, a fall or an auto accident. The simple act of drawing a breath becomes uncomfortable and possibly even painful. Any movement of the upper body will probably produce sharp pain. The injured area will probably also be sore and sensitive to touch.

Cartilage Injury – Cartilage is the tissue that connects your ribs to your sternum (breastbone). Cartilage is flexible but tough tissue that makes it easier for your chest to expand and contract when you breathe. It also makes it possible – up to a point – for your ribcage to absorb the shock of a blow. When you have cartilage damage, the pain feels similar to the pain of a cracked rib. Laughing and coughing will cause discomfort. Taking a deep breath will hurt, and an unexpected sneeze can be particularly unpleasant.

Soft Tissue Damage – Your chest and back include dozens of soft tissue formations that circumvent your ribcage: your ligaments, tendons and muscles. These can be stretched, strained or torn in any number of ways: you may try to lift, push or pull something that’s too heavy for you. An injury can also result from repeating the same motion for a long time (knwon as a “repetitive motion injury”) The resulting pain can easily be mistaken for rib pain or rib damage.

Conditions, disorders and diseases of the bones and joints may also cause rib pain. Some of the more common include the following.

Joint inflammation – Few of us are lucky enough to completely escape some form of joint inflammation or irritation as we get older. Anytime a joint near the ribcage becomes inflamed, it may seem like the pain is originating in the ribcage itself. There are two conditions that are especially common.

Osteoarthritis – There are many places in the body that can be affected by osteoarthritis, including the area where the ribs connect to the sternum and the spine.

Rheumatoid Arthritis – When you have this disease, your body’s immune system attacks itself. When this happens in joints and connections around the ribs, it causes pain in the ribs.

In addition to the injuries and disorders mentioned above, there are several other disorders that may cause rib pain. They include:

Pleurisy – Pleurisy is an infection of the lining between the lungs and the ribcage (known as the pleura). When this lining becomes inflamed, it causes pain which can sometimes be very intense. When you have pleurisy, simply inhaling and exhaling can hurt – and hurt a lot.

Pneumonia – Generalized rib pain and discomfort in the chest area is one of the symptoms of pneumonia. Anything that involves movement in the upper torso can be painful, especially laughing, coughing or sneezing.

Tuberculosis – Pain in the ribs is also a common indication of tuberculosis. Other symptoms include fatigue, fever and coughing.

A variety of cancers can produce discomfort and pain in the ribcage area (both in the front and back). Lung cancer and multiple myeloma are at the top of this list. Approximately 80 percent of myeloma patients report ribcage pain as one of their symptoms.

Patients suffering from mesothelioma or asbestosis are likely to complain of pain in the ribs, as is anyone who has a lung problem related to smoking or long term exposure to environmental pollutants.

Here’s a quick description of a number of other medical illnesses that have been known to trigger rib pain.

* Gallbladder problems like gallstones or a gallbladder attack.

* Spinal or other nerve-related injuries and disorders. The disease known as “shingles” is included in this category because it often starts with pain in the rib and torso area before progressing to a skin rash.

* Individuals who abuse steroids often experience rib pain after long term use.

* People who are under a great deal of stress are more prone to rib pain because they often take deep, heavy breaths. This type of breathing may strain the network of muscles around the ribs..

Lastly, there’s angina, which is a medical term for chest pain experienced by those with heart problems. Angina can easily be mistaken for rib pain.

It’s plain to see that there is a wide variety of possible causes for rib pain. Some can cause a lot of discomfort but pose no serious long term threat to your health. Others are very dangerous.

If your rib pain lasts for more than a few days, or seems to be growing in severity, it would be a good idea to discuss your symptoms with your doctor.

Bronchitis and Asthma

Bronchitis is as a result of inflammation of the medium sized air ways in the lungs.  The cause is usually a bacteria or viral infection.  Asthma is a condition that takes place as a result of irritation to the airways too.  The tubes swell and make air movement through them difficult.  Acute bronchitis can lead to asthma.  This is if the infection takes longer than a month.  Due to the constant irritations to the bronchial tubes for a few months.  This can generate to asthma.

Bronchitis and asthma are related in that they both affect the airways and lungs. The symptoms are sometimes similar.  These include coughing, wheezing and shortness of breath.  They both have preventative measures. Bronchitis has a vaccine that was developed in 1985 by a University of Newcastle, Australia Professor, Robert Clancy.  The vaccine is oral for acute bronchitis.  It was released in the market four years later.

Bronchitis and asthma are both dangerous diseases.  They can affect the mode of life if not taken care of.  The care includes seeking professional medical care and getting informed about the conditions.  Bronchitis and asthma can be caused by air pollution, smoking and viral infections.  Treatment options are different.  Asthma has no cure.  The diagnosis of both diseases are also very different though the doctors can be the same.

More research is being done on bronchitis and asthma to try get better vaccines and treatment options.  This is being done by health research organizations all over the world.  The two conditions should be taken seriously.  If let alone without proper treatment, they can degenerate to other chronic health problems.

Car Accident Shoulder Injuries – What You Must Know

Shoulder injuries in a car accident are common. They are caused mostly by the jerking movements that occur in an accident and may be further aggravated by seat belt shoulder straps. Shoulder injuries may also be related to neck injuries. Understanding more about shoulder injuries will allow you to recognize them quickly and seek treatment to prevent further discomfort and problems.

Causes of Shoulder Injuries

In a car accident shoulder injuries can be caused in three main ways. The first is as a result of a neck injury. A neck injury can radiate pain down the arm due to nerves being injured. The injury to the neck will then cause problems in the shoulder.

The next cause is direct damage to the shoulder from impact during the crash. This causes immediate pain and is easily recognized.

The last cause is from whiplash. Whiplash is usually associated with the neck, but it can cause pain in the shoulders as well. It may not cause pain right away after the crash, but may develop over time.

Treatment

Shoulder injuries are usually found through an x-ray or and MRI. Most shoulder injuries are not severe and merely require rest and pain medication for proper healing. If the injuries are more severe then surgery or extensive therapy may be needed.

The earlier treatment is sought for a shoulder injury, the better. Early recognition of a shoulder injury and early treatment help to insure the problem is cared for correctly and prevents further damage from occurring. You should always make sure that any medical care you receive is documented and that you keep a copy for your records.

What to do After an Accident

Since some shoulder injuries may not develop symptoms right away it is always smart to have a complete medical check following the accident. If you fail to get checked out and have your medical attention documented then you may not be able to recover damages later on if symptoms do appear.

When you are in an accident it is smart to exchange information with the other driver. You should get their name, address, telephone, number, insurance information and license information. Make sure that you do not speak with them about the actual accident. You should only speak with the police to give your statement. You may also wish to gather information from witnesses.

You want to document everything about the accident so that any shoulder injury found in the future that can be linked to the accident can be claimed. If you are careful in how you handle an accident you should be able to make a claim against the other person for your shoulder injury.

Shoulder injuries from a car accident are usually not too severe, but they are severe enough to make you lose time at work and to rack up medical bills that can be costly. It is important that if you suffer from a shoulder injury resulting from a car accident that you report it to the insurance and make a claim so you can recover your costs.

Shoulder Instability

The shoulder joint is made up of bones held in place by muscles, tendons, and ligaments. Tendons are tough cords of tissue that hold the shoulder muscles to bones, and help the muscles move the shoulder. Ligaments hold the three shoulder bones to each other and help make the shoulder joint stable.

Anyone can experience a shoulder problem – men, women, children, and people from all races and ethnic backgrounds, although shoulder issues are most commonly seen in people older than 60 years old. As you might suspect, shoulder problems also commonly occur in the athlete.

A shoulder issue that our physicians commonly see at Orthopedic Specialists of Seattle is shoulder instability, a condition where the structures that surround the glenohumeral (shoulder) joint do not work to secure the ball within its socket. If the joint is too loose, is may slide partially out of place, a condition called shoulder subluxation. If the joint comes completely out of place, it’s called a shoulder dislocation.

Athletes can be prone to weakened or injured shoulder ligaments. Shoulder instability may occur as a result of previous dislocations, but it can also occur from repetitive movements such as pitching, throwing or serving. Athletes can have such severe instability that they may routinely dislocate their shoulder throughout a sports season

Types of Instability

? Anterior Instability is the most common type of shoulder instability. In this case, the most vulnerable positions are rotating the hand and arm out and back, and away from the body.

? Posterior Instability is less common. Athletes or patients sustaining traumatic forces may experience posterior instability. However, the most common mechanism for posterior instability is dramatic involuntary muscle contraction by the shoulder (e.g. seizure).

? Multi-directional Instability most commonly occurs when the rotator cuff muscles are weak or not functioning properly. Athletes or those who perform repetitive overhead movements are prone to multi-directional instability.

How do you know if you’re experiencing shoulder instability?

Some situations are obvious, such as feeling pain after a shoulder injury, or experiencing a shoulder dislocation. If your shoulder joint is unstable, you might have a persistent sensation of the shoulder feeling lose. You may be able to actually feel that you’re about to dislocate your shoulder.

Treatment

There is a wide range of treatment, depending on the nature and degree of instability. The age of the patient is also a factor, as younger patients are more likely to have chronic instability. Many patients can be treated with physical therapy, although some will require surgery.

Use of massage in fractures

A) Characteristics of a fracture:

1. Patient experiences pain over bone fractured and in surrounding area. Severity of pain depends upon extent of fracture and is usually unbearable.
2. There may be swelling around fracture area.
3. Complete loss of movement of part of body where bone is fractured. Forcible movement may lead to severe pain.
4. Hairline fractures usually do not present any of sign and symptoms mentioned above and are difficult to diagnose clinically.
5. Radiological investigation like X-ray makes diagnosis clear, even in a hairline fracture. Vertebral fracture can also be diagnosed with help of Ctscan/MRI.
6. Vertebral fracture due to severe trauma like accident usually result in severe pain and may present as medical emergency with loss of consciousness etc especially if neck region is involved.
7. Some patients may feel pain over fractured area/bone during cold or pain after heavy work involving fractured area etc, even after healing of fracture takes place.

B) Aims of massage:

1. Though massage can hardly play any role in a fracture due to severity of pain, role of massage is important once the pain subsides or is less in intensity and bearable. Massage is also important after the fracture has healed completely.
2. The most important aim of massage is to nourish the bone that has been fractured and aid the healing process, so that strength and stability is restored quickly after healing.
3. Massage will aid in qualitatively good healing of fracture and therefore will reduce chance of patient experiencing any type of pain over fractured bone in future.
4. Increased blood supply due t o massage will result in reduced swelling and also in regaining of movements due to increased flexibility and strength.

C) Process of massage:

1. Body area to be massaged: Though local massage over involved area is sufficient, full body massage is advisable to reduce stress over other body parts.
2. Direction of massage movements: Direction of massage movements should be opposite to direction in which fracture have occurred, so that even minute bone particles will also get properly aligned and heel fracture rapidly making bone strong as before.
3. Useful massage tips:
* Pressure during massage should be adjusted as per patients strength of bearing pain. Usually massage should be started with light pressure and gradually increase pressure. Avoid more friction.
* At least 25-30minutes of massage should be given over fractured area so that oil properly reaches up to bones and nourish them restoring their strength.
* Oil should be warm at the time of massage.

D) Use of different oils for massage:

1. Oil that will nourish bones in the body should be used for massage like sesame oil, coconut oil, almond oil etc.
2. Also, during preparation of oil, medicines like bark of Terminalia arjuna, or herbs like sida cordifolia, abutilon indicum linn. Etc as also milk, black sesame etc may be added to increase the potency of oil for nourishment of bones and increasing their strength and stability.