Handrails For the Disabled

Handrails can be produced in a wide variety of designs for the elderly and disabled people. There are many types of handrails, designed for various disabilities.

The ADA, American Disabilities Act, has formed certain boundaries to which public and other places must follow to fully support the people with disabilities. One of the major factors that must be considered is the design and the place of making handrails that includes hand bars. These handrails are not limited to only public places, but they are also developed in the private areas in order to meet ADA standards. The material of developing handrails must be powerful enough to handle the amount of stress caused by grabbing the bar. The handrails are usually made of steel and aluminium pipe, situated in public places. The handrails are 32 to 38 mm in diameter. The handrails situated in homes are made of nylon or PVC pipes. In Stair ways, wheel chair access is usually seen that is made for the disabled people. These rails are parallel to the ground.

A “D TURN”, rounded off section, is required at each end of the handrails. Grab bars are usually found in bathrooms to help the disabled. They are often seen in public restrooms, where toilet grab bars are established to aid the disable. Sometimes, these are installed in homes of the handicapped person. The bars help the handicapped person in lifting himself on and off the toilet seat. Grab bars are also installed in shower and tubs. The purpose of these bars is usually to help the injured person to be independent and to support himself in private places, where he might be reluctant to call anyone else for support.

Portable grab bars also available that might support the disabled in travelling. These handrails are made for those people who have mild injuries or disabilities. Shower seats include seats that could help the disabled while taking a shower. They often have a grab-bar nearby for support.

Unfortunately, in most countries, special attention is not given to support the handicapped people. In most situations, the elderly men and women with weak legs are unable to lift themselves up while using a standard latrine in hospitals, situated in rural areas. The use of handrails could help the disabled to walk in and out of the bathroom or lifting and sitting. Although it is important to follow the specified standards in establishing handrails, but if you do not have enough resources, you can simply use bamboo poles to assist in moving up and down.

There are some major barriers, seen in most countries like lack of sufficient spacing in different areas for disabled people, ramps, lack of chairs and toilets. This will not help the handicapped in performing their routine tasks and will eventually delay a lot of activities. They will be more dependent on others for support, and it might decrease their self confidence.

All About Cerebral Palsy

What is CEREBRAL PALSY (CP)?

Cerebral Palsy is a term describing a condition where a trauma caused to the brain adversely affects the motor skills of a child. CEREBRAL refers to the BRAIN; and PALSY is “Lack of required muscle control”. Putting it together it is “Lack of muscle coordination caused by trauma to the Brain”.

UNDERSTANDING CP

It may be said that CP is a condition caused by injury to the brain or nerves during, before or shortly after the delivery of the child. It may be result of some injury or disease caused during the first three years of childhood.

TYPES OF CEREBRAL PALSY

CP may be classified into four categories:

o Spastic-. Caused due to muscle stiffness which makes reaching or walking difficult.

o Athetoid (or dyskinetic)- Caused due some lack of balance in walking and also muscle tics.

o Ataxic – This includes balance disorder and some difficulty in perception of depth.

o Mixed- Children with mixed CP have both the muscle stiffness of spastic cerebral palsy and lack of balance in movement of athetoid cerebral palsy.

SYMPTOMS

o Delayed developmental milestones

o Persistence of infant like reflexes

o Abnormality of muscle tone

o Abnormality of movements

o Deformities of bone structure.

o Mental retardation

o Seizures

o Problems of speech

CAUSES OF CP

Brain damage any time in the first three years of life may cause acquired CP. Damages such as Brain infection (e.g. Meningitis) and Head injury(such as a fall),and other causes such as genetic disorder, blood clot etc..

CONGENITAL CP occurs at birth. Common Causes are infections during pregnancy, infantile jaundice, Rh incompatibility, shortage of oxygen in brain , trauma to head at the time of labor and delivery, and stroke .Babies with low birth weight have more chances of developing CP.

TREATMENT

At present no cure for CP is available. But a proper and methodical treatment does help to improvement the condition and helps the child to attain his/ her potential. Physical therapy, occupational therapy, medicine, surgery, braces etc are some of the treatment and therapies that may help. An early and continuous treatment of CP may lessen the chances of other disabilities and problems that may be caused by the condition.

PREVENTION

The actual cause of CP may not always be known.

Taking following precautions may help:

o Seek proper prenatal care

o Avoid cigarettes, alcohol, and unnecessary use of drugs during pregnancy

o Testing for measles immunity before pregnancy

o Routine vaccinations of baby

o Preventing head injuries

Mount Everest – The Death Zone

Mount Everest the highest mountain in the world attracts many climbers from around the world to try and reach her lofty summit. Safety on a mountain like Mount Everest is paramount, one mistake and it could be the last thing you do.

The climber will probably experience avalanches, hidden crevasses and extreme weather conditions while on the slopes of Mount Everest, all of which are beyond the climber’s control. One thing that climbers can have control over is human errors brought on by the effects of high altitude.

The region above 25,000 feet (7,600 meters) is called the death zone. The reason for this name is because nothing lives at that altitude or above and no human can survive long there due to the lack of oxygen in the thin air.

Climbers are very vulnerable to altitude sickness once they climb into the death zone. They cannot escape the potentially deadly effects of oxygen deprivation, although they can help themselves by staying in the Death Zone for as minimum time as possible before the thin air eventually wears the body down.

On the summit of Mount Everest the atmospheric pressure is about one-third that of sea level. It has been said if you magically arrived on the summit straight from sea level you would lose consciousness nearly immediately and would be dead within minutes. One famous climber, David Breashears from the USA once stated that even when using bottled oxygen on the summit it feels like “running on a treadmill and breathing through a straw.”

Upon reaching the death zone the climber will notice his or her increased breathing rate and heart beat. The ability to do any basic tasks like making a meal, putting on climbing boots etc will leave the climber very short of breath. Inside the body the blood will start to thicken which could lead to clotting or strokes. These physical reactions are the body’s way of combating oxygen deprivation, also known as hypoxia.

Altitude also affects the climbers loss of appetite which can be potentially dangerous as it is vital to remain well hydrated and nourished for the climb a head. Sleeping can also be a problem in the death zone, many climbers can not sleep at all while others sleep but wake frequently during the night gasping for air.

As the climber goes higher, the air quickly gets thinner and this can lead to far more dangerous medical conditions such as High-Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE) and High-Altitude Cerebral Edema (HACE) which is known as acute mountain sickness.

HAPE is when the lungs fill up with fluids. If the climber does not descend to a lower altitude as soon as possible he or she will eventually drown by there own internal fluids.

HACE is where your brain swells due to increased blood circulation from not getting enough oxygen. This can also cause loss of coordination, hallucinations and mental deterioration.

For any climber on the slopes of Mount Everest the best way to avoid getting into serious problems at high altitude is to climb high, sleep low, this way it gives the body a chance to acclimatize to the thinner air. A series of Camps will be made to reach the summit, usually the climber will climb carrying a load of equipment to the camp above then descend for a rest before going higher again. This is repeated many times before the final long ascent to the summit.

It was first unsure if humans could even survive such altitudes as the summit of Mount Everest without oxygen. In 1978 it was proved that you could stand on the highest point on earth without breathing bottled oxygen. Climbers Reinhold Messner and Peter Habeler reached the summit without using any bottled oxygen, they were the first to do so. Although shown it can be done nearly all climbers make the use of bottled oxygen on there summit attempt and many would probably not have survived without it.

Bottled oxygen gives a very much needed performance boost, it helps climbers sleep, retain there mental clarity, and resist the mountain’s fierce cold. But it also adds one more thing to the list of what can potentially go wrong. If there is a malfunction with the bottle or it runs out of precious oxygen, oxygen deprivation can have catastrophic consequences for climbers who suddenly find themselves high on the mountain and without it.

Lack of oxygen, exhaustion, extreme cold, and the dangers of the climb all contribute to the death toll. A person who is injured high up and can not walk himself is in serious trouble since it is often extremely risky to try and help a stricken climber down to safety.

People who die during there climb on Mount Everest are usually left behind. About 150 bodies have never been recovered. It is not uncommon to find corpses near the main climbing routes. The reason for this is that in many cases there is not the available manpower and those climbers in the area just don’t have the reserve of strength needed to carry a body down the mountain.

Climbers who have gained the summit and arrived back home safely have written and shared their experiences with others. They have said that climbing Mount Everest is not just an ordinary expedition but an experience in itself.

No matter how good a climber you are there will always be dangers up in the death zone that are out of your control.

Ayurveda Epilepsy Treatments

Epilepsy (seizure disorder, fits) is a neurological disorder characterized by recurrent instances of seizure or tremors. These are due to abnormal excitation from brain. Epilepsy treatment methods are aimed at controlling the disease. Most cases of juvenile epilepsy don’t pass over to adulthood.

Not all epilepsy cases are alike. Sometimes there can be apparent reasons like stress, brain injury, genetic conditions and parasitic infection of brain. It is also observed that instance of epilepsy can occur without any solid provable reason.

Epilepsy due to specific reasons like use of certain drugs, epilepsy as withdrawal symptom, seizure due to abnormal levels of sodium in blood are temporary cases and will be cured without any special treatments apart from the medicines and diet to return to normal health.

Epilepsy treatment in Ayurveda

Apasmara or apasmaram is the term used for epilepsy in Ayurveda. The reasons sited by Ayurveda scripts include stressful life, lazy life, poor diet and suppression of natural urges.

Each person is different and each case of epilepsy is also different. Thorough examination of the patient by an Ayurvedic physician is essential to identify the right treatment for a person.

Epilepsy in most cases is a vata disorder. However, it can also be caused by vitiation of pitta or kapha. Imbalances of all the three doshas are also not very rare.

Vata type seizure is mainly a mental problem. Stressful days, poor sleep and mental exertion are reasons. Digestive problems like gastritis, constipation etc. can also be reasons.

Rest, normalized diet and specific time to take food can help such persons control epilepsy. Abhayanga or Ayurvedic oil massage, shirodhara (pouring of medicated oil over head), thalam (retaining medicated oil on head) helps in pacifying mind. Nerve tonic herbs like Aswagandha (Withania somnifera), Brahmi (Bacopa monniera), Jatamamsi (Nardastachys jatamansi), Shanka pushpi (Evolvulus alsinoides) etc are used to pacify nervous system and to reduce instances of abnormal brain functioning.

Inflammations inside head due to diseases like Encephalitis cause pitta type seizures. Exposure to heat is a high risk factor in such cases of seizures. Kapha type epilepsy is due to blocks in central nervous system. A sedentary or highly secluded life can lead to this condition.

Kapha type epilepsy is also characterized by excess salivation. Tulsi (holy basil), Acorus calamus, etc are the type of herbs beneficial in kapha epilepsy.

Prevention of Epilepsy Ayurveda way

Regulate the lifestyle with Ayurvedic daily routine (dinacharya).

Stay as much positive about the day and life as possible. Don’t allow tensions to creep in to your mind. Don’t get excited at anything. Start practicing yoga meditation.

Keep your daily diet fully nutritive. Don’t eat late at night. If possible go for five or six small meals a day, instead of one or two big meals.

Massage your soles with coconut oil or sesame oil before going to bed. This give your head a cooling effect.

Blood Pressure

POINT TO NOTE ON BLOOD PRESSURE

BLOOD

Blood is the fluid that circulate through the heart and blood vessels, supplying oxygen and nutritive materials to all parts of the body and carrying off waste products. Physiology of the blood cells Blood is composed of the following parts:- Red blood cells with their haemaeglobin; White blood cells, and Tiny little bodies much smaller than the red cells, which are called platelets.

The blood also contains a clear yellow fluid, which is known as plasma. Plasma contains the following important substances:-

Certain substances: such as prothrombin and fibrinogen- which are important in the mechanism of blood clotting.

Various salts: such as calcium, sodium,sugar, protein, etc- all of which areessential for the proper nutrition of the body.

Certain waste products: such as urea- from the various organs in the body, and Certain substances known as antibodies, which play important roles in solving the problem of immunity and resistance against infection.

THE NORMAL BLOOD COUNT

The normal blood count in an adult is:-

Red blood cells = 5,000.00 per cubic millimeters (/mm3 ).

Haemoeglobin = 12-14.5gm per 100ml. of blood (usually expresses in percentage).

White blood cells = 5,000 to 10,000 per cubic millimeter (/mm3 ), and

Platelets + 200,000 per cubic millimeters (/mm3 ) approximately.

BLOOD PRESSURE

It is the pressure of force that the blood exerts against the walls of the bloodvessels.

Though there is some pressure in all blood vessels, the term is genrally used in reference to arterial blood pressure, which is measured in the brocjial artery by means of an instrument known and called SPHYGMOMANOMETER.

Two levels are recorded, viz:

A systolic pressure; which is the maximum pressure during contraction of the ventricles, and

A diastolic pressure; which is the pressure in the vessel when ventricles are at rest.

THE NORMAL BLOOD PRESSURE

In adults the normal Systolic Blood Pressure at rest varies on average from 110 to 150 mm of mercury.

The Diastolic Blood Pressure; which measure the blood pressure when the heart is resting, varies from 70 to 90mm of mercury.

The blood pressure is taken by a special instrument called a Sphygmomanometer, as earlier on stated.

CAUSES OF HYPERTENSION

A raised blood pressure may be caused by many different diseases e.g.

Chronic nephritis, which is the inflammation of the kidneys;

Toxaemias of pregnancy – i.e. poisoning of the blood by the absorption of toxins.

Tumors of adrenal gland;

Diminished blood supply to the kidneys (renal ischaemia), and

Excessive strain e.g. mental strain.

AFTER EFFECTS OF HYPERTENSION

The effects of the increased pressure in the arteries are numerous and in most cases serious. Some of the effects include, but not limited to the following:-The left ventricle of the heart enlarges and hypertrophies to counteract the extra pressure in the arteries. Eventually, if the strain becomes too severe the heart may not be able to cope and heart failure sets in. The walls of the renal arteries, owing to increased pressure, become thickened and narrow, which leads to a diminished blood supply to the kidneys. This causes, in turn, a loss of function and may lead to chronic renal failure. The raised pressure commonly causes rupture of certain arteries especially, the cerebral arteries. This results in cerebral haemorrhage (apoplexy or stroke). The continuos raised blood pressure often aggravates or predisposes to sclerotic changes in the arteries with the result that angina pectoris, coronary thrombosis are all frequently seen in associatin with hypertension.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF HYPERTENSION

Hypertension is often present for many years- perhaps ten or fifteen- during which it causes the few symptoms listed below. Headache, giddiness, ringing in the ears and epistaxis are commonest early symptoms. Eventually, however, owing to the persistently increased pressure against which the heart has to work, heart failure develops. In severe cases of hypertentsion, attacks known as hypertensive encephalopathy may arise. Severe cases of headache, vomiting, convulsions, and paralysis may arise.

TREATMENT OF A RAISED BLOOD PRESSURE

There is no specific cure of raised blood pressure. However, some precautions may assist a potential patient to lead an almost normal living. Some of the precautions include the following: As mental strain is an important factor, patients are advised to avoid, as much as possible, all worry and emotional upsets and to lead a relatively quiet life. Sedatives- such as phenobrabitones- are very useful to relieve quite life. If obesity is present, a reduction in weight is advisable and a low- calorie diet should be prescribed. Rest in a hospital is recommended.

Venessection of a pint of blood at periodic intervals is often useful in reducing a high blood pressure for a short period of time. Patients with the more sever grades of hypertension are treated with anti-hypertension drugs. Unforturnately, most of the available anti-hypertension drugs are very liable to cause severe side effects when given in doses large enough to be effective. New drugs are continually being introduced in an effort to provide effective hypotensive therapy with minimum side effects.

The hypotensive drugs most frequently used at presents include:

· Guanelnidine (Ismelin 10-20mg); once daily as a dose gradually increased until the blood pressure is controlled.

· Methyldopa (Aldomet) lowers the blood pressure by preventing the formation of Adrenalin. The effective dose varies from 0.5 to 4mg daily and is most useful for patients with moderate H.B.P.

The action of these hypotensive drugs are greatly enhanced when the oral diuretic chlorothiaside (saluric) or one of its derivatives is given at the same time- e.g. modurectic. During the initial period of stabilization on hypotensive drugs, care must be taken to increase thedose only gradually since the blood pressure may fall suddenly. If the patient is in the ward, the blood pressure must be recorded daily.

Can Stress Cause a Stroke?

Stress is pressure from the outside world that causes emotional and physical strain on a person. People often have the connotation that one of the factors causing a stroke is stress. But can stress really cause stroke?

Psychotherapists say that we are all exposed to a certain level of stress at any single time, making stress an unavoidable part of life. What we actually need is to learn stress management. When stress is not attended to for a long period of time, the body breaks down and gets sick.

Chronic or long-term stress have the following effects to our body: acne, ulcers, asthma, psoriasis, muscle tension, heart attack, heart failure, low fertility rates, high blood pressure, and weakening of the immune system. Of these effects, high blood pressure is a risk factor to stroke.

Stress, therefore, does not directly cause stroke but high blood pressure which is its long-term effect. It is important then to identify your current level of stress and how you can address it to avoid having a stroke.

Identifying Your Stress Level
Measure your stress level by being keenly aware of yourself and your reaction to certain situations. Keeping a journal is one way to keep you track of this and easily identify how stressed you are at a particular time. There are also tools online that help you measure your stress level real-time that could be of great use for you.

You may also want to use these questions to measure your stress: 1. What type of stress am I having (eg family, etc.)? 2. Did I just have a recent big event in my life (eg death in the family)? 3. Are my beliefs causing the stress? 4. How am I coping with stress?

Answers to these questions normally provide you the solutions to cope with your stress on top of identifying your stress level.

Addressing Stress
The easiest way to address stress is to laugh at what ever is causing it. Learn to laugh at your mistakes and at the simplest of things. Take life easy. When big events in your life happen, learn to let go and move on immediately.

Letting go begins by acknowledging what happened, honoring the emotions that surfaced because of it, and accepting the consequences that follow due to it. Doing so allows the body to program itself to adapt and removes the conflict that causes the stress.

Stress does not cause stroke. Addressing stress, however, keeps you from the risk of high blood pressure that leads to stroke. There are other things you need to do to truly prevent stroke from happening to you. Learning to manage your stress alongside practicing a healthy lifestyle and having sound habits will increase your chances for a life free of diseases like stroke.

7 Interesting Facts About Vincent Van Gogh

The following 7 interesting facts are taken from historical records and are not biased opinions.

1) Fell in Love with his Landlady’s Daughter in Hague

It seems that Vincent Van Gogh had a penchant for the ladies, and one of his first jobs was in an office in the City of Hague. he worked at this job for over four years until he fell in love with his landlord’s daughter and was subsequently dismissed from the company. This demonstrates Van Gogh’s quest for love even at the expense of monetary concerns.

2) He Forever Searched for Happiness

Vincent Van Gogh was a man possessed with the notion that happiness was all that he required in this world. Far be it for anyone to argue that point, yet what is true is that he forever chased that emotion, and came up empty in the end. This craving of happiness can be seen in all of his artistic endeavors.

3) He Suffered from Schizophrenia and Other Mental Health Problems

Suffering from mental disorders such as schizophrenia affected Van Gogh his entire life and artistic career. The fabled ‘Starry Night’ rendition was actually done when he was a resident in an insane asylum in Saint-Remy, France. Many other mental disorders plagued this fantastic artist his entire life and can be easily picked out, in some of his most famous artistic pursuits. As an intelligent individual and famed artist, Vincent Van Gogh knew when to say when and admitted himself many times into mental institutions all throughout Europe. After being released from such self-imposed institutions of recovery, he showed signs of increasing improvement but these were fleeting at best. In the end, he took his own life, after a bout of depression.

4) He Loved Japanese Artistry

The island of Japan mesmerized Van Gogh and showed in many of his paintings with cherry blossoms and other Japanese iconic artistry. Some of his best works are Japanese-themed and Pacific Island related.

5) He Loved his Brother Theo

There was no denying this, Vincent Van Gogh’s love for his brother Theo, translated both time and space and life and death. Everything that he accomplished was directly attributed to his brother Theo, even when his brother had little or nothing to do with the accomplishment. He would often speak of his brother in the highest regard and say a finer brother a man could never have.

6) He Only Sold One Painting During His Lifetime

Vincent Van Gogh created 2000 pieces of art, 900 paintings and 1100 sketches and pencil drawings. Of those entire great works only one was sold for profit.

7) His Brother Theo’s Wife Is Actually Responsible For His Popularity Today

Six months after Vincent died, Theo died, and his wife Johanna devoted the rest of her life to getting Van Gogh the recognition she felt he rightly deserved. If it was not for her efforts, the world may not have known of Vincent’s mastery.

How to Cure Mental Illnesses Through Dream Therapy

Carl Jung’s discoveries about the powerful unconscious wisdom and my discoveries after continuing his research give you a powerful tool in life. Today you can be helped by the unconscious mind because you can clearly understand the unconscious messages in the dream images and therefore, understand what to do. The unconscious mind shows you what is good or bad, and why something is positive or negative. You have many explanations about everything in your dreams.

The fact that dream therapy is a psychotherapeutical method that cures all mental illnesses was already proved numerous times. Everyone finds sound mental health through dream therapy.

On the other hand, everyone can learn how to cure others thanks to the unconscious guidance. For example, I partially cured a psychotic woman through dream therapy who was in fact a vegetable when I first met her.

I couldn’t completely cure her because her parents were influencing her behavior and she was super-protected by them, but the fact that I gave her back 70% of her intelligence and life after precisely obeying the unconscious guidance in my dreams about her case is more than a big victory.

She didn’t relate her dreams and she didn’t cooperate for her psychotherapy. Her treatment was based on the guidance I had in my dreams about her mental condition.

After the psychotherapy she could even travel alone! She never went anywhere without her parents before.

Everyone is always cured through dream therapy because the real doctor is not me, the ignorant human being. The real doctor able to cure all mental illnesses is God’s mind. I’m merely a dream translator and a doctor-helper. This is why dream therapy is a safe treatment. The sanctity of the divine unconscious mind is the best guarantee you can have that you will be cured. You don’t depend on human theories.

You can completely trust the unconscious guidance without fear. This is an advantage that you cannot have in our hypocritical world. Only God can guarantee that you are learning the real truth about your mental condition when you scientifically analyze the meaning of dreams.

You should seriously study the dream language, and be an obedient patient. To be obedient is a wise attitude. You have to do what your doctor tells you to in order to be cured.

For example, if you are shy and insecure, you have to do things that will help you build your self-confidence and become a better person.

The ancient civilizations that believed in the importance of the meaning of dreams were right. Carl Jung and my work scientifically prove this truth to the world. My work also gives you many religious explanations because I discovered the satanic anti-conscience that generates mental illnesses within our conscience (which Jung couldn’t see) and I discovered the sanctity of the unconscious mind (which Jung couldn’t perceive).

I was cured from a severe neurosis before becoming schizophrenic like my father thanks to dream therapy when I was 24 to 28-years-old. Then, I cured many people through dream therapy, since 1990 until today. I wouldn’t dedicate my life to dream therapy if this was not a miraculous method that cures even physical diseases.

I had no intention to become a psychiatrist and psychologist. This was a moral obligation because I could continue Carl Jung’s dangerous research and learn how to fight craziness. This knowledge had to be transmitted to the world and help everyone find salvation.

The unconscious mind that produces our dreams is not only a perfect psychiatrist and a natural doctor. The unconscious mind is our contact with true wisdom.

The powerful unconscious wisdom will enlighten your life and help you always have positive results in all fields. You’ll learn the real meaning of goodness and feel happy for being a good person, who never makes mistakes and always shows wise behavior.

Rebound Headaches: When Getting Better Makes You Worse

Rebound headaches are caused by the very things that relieve headaches — pain medication. So basically it becomes a choice of suffer now, or suffer later.

Rebound headaches are usually daily occurrences, beginning early in the morning. Rebound headaches can lead to other problems including anxiety, depression, irritability and sleeplessness.

Medications

Migraine medications work to raise serotonin levels to ease pain. However, when too much medication is ingested something happens to the serotonin levels, which causes the chemical to lose its effectiveness. Research has shown that serotonin levels are lower when you take too much pain medication and then they rise slightly after the headaches gets better and you stop taking the medication.

If prescription or over-the-counter drugs are taken too often or in greater amounts than recommended, this can lead to rebound headaches. In addition to sedatives and tranquilizers, other rebound-causing medications include:

1. Caffeine-containing analgesics (Anacin, Excedrin, etc.). Caffeine, a primary ingredient in many headache medicines, can relieve migraine pain temporarily. However, taking medicine containing caffeine every day — as well as drinking caffeine-loaded beverages such as coffee or soft drinks — can lead to more frequent and severe headaches. If the headache gets worse when you stop using caffeine, the caffeine may be the cause of some of your headaches.

2. Butalbital compounds (Fioricet, Fiorinal, Phrenilin, etc.); Isometheptene compounds (Duradrin, Midrin, etc.); Decongestants (Afrin, Dristan, Sudafed, Tylenol Sinus, etc.); Ergotamines (D.II.E. 45, Ergomar, Migranal, Wigraine); Triptans (Amerge, Axert, Imitrex, Maxalt, Zomig); Opioids and related drugs (Darvocet, OxyContin, Percocet, Tylenol with codeine, etc.). Medications that include any form of codeine, such as Percocet, Tylenol 3, or Vicodin, must be used with care because they can cause dependency quickly.

Symptoms

* Your headache occurs daily or almost daily (3 or 4 times a week).

* Your headache deviates in form, location on the head, severity and strength.

* You have a lower than normal threshold for pain.

* You begin to notice evidence of an increasing tolerance to the effectiveness of analgesics over a period of time.

* You notice a spontaneous improvement of headache pain when you discontinue the medications.

* You are considered a sufferer of a primary headache disorder and you use prevention medication frequently and in large quantities.

* Even the slightest physical movement or bare minimum of intellectual expenditure causes the onset of the headache.

* Your headache is accompanied by any of these symptoms: anxiety, depression, difficulty in concentration, irritability, memory problems, nausea, and restlessness.

* You suffer withdrawal symptoms when you abruptly are taken off the medication.

Recovery

If you have rebound headaches due to the overuse of medications, the only way to recover is to cease taking the drugs. If it is caffeine that is causing your rebound headaches, reducing your intake may be of help. Before deciding on whether you want to stop abruptly or gradually, the following need to be considered:

1. Make sure you consult with a physician before withdrawing from headache drugs. Certain non-headache medications, such as anti-anxiety drugs or beta-blockers, require gradual withdrawal.

2. The patient (you) may need to be hospitalized if the symptoms do not respond to treatment, or if they cause severe nausea and vomiting.

3. During the first few days, alternative medications may be administered. Examples of drugs that may be used include corticosteroids, dihydroergotamine (with or without metoclopramide), NSAIDs (in mild cases) or valproate.

4. Whatever method you choose when stopping your medication, you will go through a period of worsening headache afterward. Most people will feel better within 2 weeks, however, headache symptoms can persist for as long as 4 months and in some rare cases even longer.

Good News

Many patients experience long-term relief from all headaches afterward. The conclusion of one study showed that over 80% of patients significantly improved 4 months after withdrawal.

The Best Hair Loss Shampoo

Go into any supermarket or departmental store and you will find a whole range of shampoos that promise to stop hair loss. How effective are these shampoos is the question? While some of the shampoos definitely help to reduce hair fall, we need to first find out what causes your particular hair loss problem before you can choose a hair loss shampoo.

Alopecia is the medical term used to refer to all kinds of hair loss irrespective of the cause. The most common type of baldness is androgenetic alopecia or genetic hair loss; it causes male pattern baldness as well as female pattern baldness.

Environmental, nutritional and medical factors can also cause hair loss. Excessive pollution, poor diet with lack of zinc, folic acid and vital vitamins can lead to you losing your hair, dandruff and flaking. Strong medicines, surgery, trauma, childbirth and stress can all cause baldness.

There are many medicated shampoos, herbal shampoos and natural shampoos available on the market. You need to choose the one that is best suited to your baldness problem.

Henna is a natural herb and has been used traditionally for years to maintain healthy hair. Aloe vera is yet another traditional herb that has been in use since ancient times to cleanse and heal the scalp and prevent you losing your hair. It has been popular with Native Americans, Indians and the Caribbean.

There are a huge variety of shampoos which claim to effectively combat baldness and thinning. These shampoos cleanse, nourish and condition hair to make it healthy and shining.

Early Hair Loss

Hair loss is only permanent if the living part of the hair, the root, is damaged. Extreme hair loss is a widespread problem among the middle aged American men, specifically among the men. Early hair loss is not caused by clogged pores, poor circulation, or lack of oxygen as some scam hair loss treatment products claim.

Women on the pill who suffer hair thinning often have an hereditary tendency to hair loss. This condition can be particularly devastating to women. Women have a larger psychological investment in their appearance than men do.

Treatment of this type of hair loss includes immune modulating therapies, topical immune therapy or biologic-response modifiers such as Minoxidil. In America people spend 1 billion dollars per year on hair related treatments.

Causes of Male pattern baldness is related to hormones. Causes in women may be attributed to three factors: aging, hormones, and genetics. Other possible causes of hair loss include an autoimmune disorder characterized by inflammation of the hair root), cancer chemotherapy, burns or injuries, nervous habits such as continual hair pulling or scalp rubbing, ringworm of the scalp and rough handling. The causes are many and varied but one thing is for sure and that is untold millions of people of all sexes and ages are affected by it worldwide.

However, when this cycle is abnormal and hair is no longer falling out in a natural, random pattern, you may develop a temporary or ongoing disease state.

Some causes include: Heredity – the effects of testosterone, the male sex Hormonal changes – such as thyroid disease, childbirth or use of the birth control pill an autoimmune disorder Medications – such as cancer chemotherapy or corticosteroids Nervous habits – such as continual hair pulling or scalp rubbing Rough handling – brushing too vigorously, tight rolling of hair curlers, over bleaching or the use of harsh dyes and chemical Burns or injuries (ringworm of the scalp).

3 Natural Solutions – How to Treat Ringing in the Ears

You do not have to endure tinnitus, as there are natural remedies to treat it. Here are three (3) non-medical solutions how to treat ringing in the ears.

Understanding the Symptom and Its Causes

Ringing in your ears is medically termed as tinnitus. While it is not a serious medical condition, immediate treatment is necessary if only to relieve you from the tormenting sounds you hear in your ears even without outside stimuli. The first thing you need to do is to get a good diagnosis of your symptom from your ENT (ears nose throat) specialist.

With the diagnosis, you are most likely to find the causes of your symptom. If you are not aware of it yet, tinnitus is a symptom. Ruling out underlying disease from which ringing in your ears may come as its symptom will enable you to identify the cause and apply appropriate remedy. Otherwise, you will have to treat the disease to get rid of the symptom.

According to Mayo Clinic, pinpointing the cause of tinnitus is difficult. However, common causes are the following:

• damage to your inner ear due to several factors such as infections, clogged ears, head traumas, noise pollution, autoimmune disorders and other chronic health diseases

• loss of hearing due to aging or presbycusis

• build-up of ear wax that can either irritate your eardrum or trigger hearing loss

• stress, anxiety, and depression

• disorders such as TMJ and Meniere's disease

• certain medicines such as antibiotics or high doses of aspirin among others

To date, there is no known cure for the condition, but the American Tinnitus Association (ATA) is continuing its research to find it. While waiting for any conclusive cure, the ATA suggests that you become pro-active in learning how to treat ringing in the ears.

Managing the Unwanted Noise in Your Ears

Knowing the triggers of the unwanted noise in your ears can help you get the necessary relief from your condition. For instance, you can stay away or lessen your exposure to loud noises or noise pollution. Another way is to clean your ears as necessary to prevent accumulation of earwax. It will also do you good to avoid sources of your stress, or manage it.

On top of these things, you need to make sure that you are eating the right diet to meet your nutritional requirement. Your body needs essential nutrients to strengthen its natural ability to heal and shield you from health issues including tinnitus.

Stay Positive

In any treatment for tinnitus, it is always best to remain positive. Despite the absence of cure, there is hope that you will free yourself from tinnitus with the right attitude. Count yourself as part of the solution. Continue to learn about your condition and keep yourself updated of new findings about its cure. Active involvement in the treatment of the condition can help you recover from it.

From time to time, check with the American Tinnitus Association for latest developments about the cure for ringing ears. You will also find several valuable resources on the web that will help you learn how to treat ringing the ears.

General Information About Congenital Anomalies

Congenital anomaly is a mental or physical abnormality that is present at, and usually before, birth. Some anomalies may be medically insignificant and may not appear for some time. In other cases, the anomaly may pose a direct threat to life and requires immediate attention. There are, however, some anomalies that cannot be treated.

Question: What are examples of congenital anomalies?

Congenital anomalies include bone disorders, cataract, cleft palate, cretinism, Down’s syndrome, congenital heart disease, hemophilia, joint disorders, pyloric stenosis, and spina bifida. Blindness, deafness, hydrocephalus, and jaundice are also often due to congenital anomalies, although in other cases they are the result of event that occurred after birth.

Limbs or organs may be malformed, duplicated, or entirely absent. Organs may fail to move to the correct place, as in cryptorchidism; fail to open correctly as in imperforate anus; or fail to close at the correct time, as in patent ductus arteriosus. Congenital anomalies often occur together. For example, 33 percent of babies born with Down’s syndrome also have heart disease.

Question: What may cause the development of congenital anomalies?

They arise from the faulty development of a fetus, caused either by genetic disorders or other factors. Some anomalies arise from a combination of factors, and the underlying cause is far from clear in all cases.

Question: How are genetic disorders responsible for congenital anomalies?

Inherited congenital anomalies generally result from the presence of abnormal genes or chromosomes. Heredity is determined by corresponding pairs of genes, called alleles. One of these paired genes is dominant and the other recessive, and it is the dominant gene that governs the transmitted trait or characteristic. Thus, if the abnormal gene of a pair is dominant, the abnormal or anomalous trait will be conveyed to the embryo. If the abnormal gene is recessive, then both genes in the pair have to be abnormal for a congenital anomaly to occur.

Some congenital anomalies, such as hemophilia, are linked to a defect of one of the sex chromosomes. Many genetic disorders, however, are neither wholly dominant, recessive, nor sex-linked, but may be caused by more than one abnormal pair of genes.

Question: What other factors may cause congenital anomalies?

Infection in the mother is a common cause of abnormality in a baby. For example, an attack of rubella during the first three months of pregnanacy may cause her child to be born deaf or have cataracts, heart disease, jaundice, or other anomalies. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) and toxoplasmosis also cause congenital anomalies.

Certain drugs taken by a woman during pregnancy are often responsible for abnormalities in the child. For example, large doses of corticosteroids can cause a variety of congenital defects, as can some anticonvulsants given to control epilepsy. Other drugs include anticancer drugs; narcotics and sedatives; tranquilizers and antidepressants; antibacterials, especially tetracycline; anticoagulants; drugs prescribed to treat cardiac conditions and hypertension; oral hypoglycemic used to treat diabetes in the mother; and, of course, heavy consumption of alcohol. Other drugs may cause gross abnormalities, such as the defects arising from thalidomide. A pregnant woman should, thus, avoid taking any medication without first consulting with her physician.

Injury to a pregnant woman or to a fetus is another cause of congenital anomalies. For example, limbs may be malformed if an intrauterine device (IUD) is not removed early in the pregnancy. Smoking during pregnancy is implicated as one factor in the incidence of abnormally low birth weight in babies, and malnutrition seems to be related to a high incidence of congenital anomalies. The age of the woman at the time she conceives can also be a factor. For example, Down’s syndrome occurs more frequently when conception occurs after the age of about 35.

Congenital anomalies have also been attributed to the effects of X-ray examination made early in a pregnancy.

Question: Is it possible to diagnose congenital anomalies in a fetus?

Yes. The most reliable method of diagnosis is to examine a sample of fluid from the amniotic sac, sometime between the fifteenth and eighteenth week of pregnancy. The sample is obtained by amniocentesis. Microscopic examination of the cells in the fluid then reveals possible abnormalities in the chromosomes. Congenital anomalies that can be diagnosed in this way include Down’s syndrome, spina bifida, and anencephaly. Sometimes, the diagnostic use of ultrasound can detect abnormalities of the skull or spine.

Question: Can congenital anomalies be treated?

Treatment depends entirely on the nature and severity of the condition. Many anomalies can be treated, but for some there is no treatment.

Question: In what circumstances might abortion be considered?

Abortion might be considered if serious fetal disorders are found early in a pregnancy. The decision to abort rests with the parents and is made after considering the advice of the physician and specialists on the nature of the disorder and the consequences of abortion.

Question: Are congenital anomalies more likely to occur in first-born babies?

No. Statistics disprove this commonly held belief.

Question: Does a congenital anomaly in a baby indicate that subsequent babies will be similarly affected?

Genetic counseling deals with such questions. In many cases it is possible to state risks numerically. For example, a baby with congenital heart disease is likely to be followed by a similarly affected child in 2 percent of pregnancies instead of the ordinary risk of one percent. Spina bifida occurs in about 1 child in every 1,500, but if a previous child was born with the condition, there is about a 1-in-20 to 1-in-50 chance that it will occur in a later child.

Sex Life in the Senior Years

A guy I know, 80 yrs old plus, already slightly bent with age, and almost bony, frequents the same coffee shop I go to regularly. Whereas I go alone, he is always with his girlfriend, a woman only slightly younger than he.

One day, while watching them, I quipped to a coffee buddy, “What could sex be like for people that old?”

Then I was reminded of another senior who said, “When I was young, I was awake all evening until the wee hours of the morning. Now I am awake every hour in the evening to wee until morning.”

From my perspective, at 64, I can’t possibly conceive how and what sex is like among people in the 80s. Do they still make out? What could be their typical foreplay? Can they make the distance or do they take a nap at regular intervals?

I will be like them one day and I thought it good to know what it will be then. So I consulted the “experts” and this is what they say::

What the scientists say::

A survey of married men and women, between ages 66 to 64, showed that 87% of the men and 89% of the women are still sexually active. By age 80, only 29% of the men and 25% of the women are.

According to Dr. David Kaufman, M.D., “There is no physiologic or anatomic reason why an elderly who takes care of himself and is not having medical problems cannot have a very fulfilling and active sex life.”

That they “can” is a medical fact. But “how?” is a matter of conjecture.

George Burns, the most lovable of seniors, nay have the answer when he said that sex among the elderly “Is like shooting pool with a rope.”

It’s hard to tell if that was just one of his famous punch lines or a personal experience.

Health benefits of sex:

Sex is good for everybody – intellectually, physically and spiritually. Studies show that men in their senior years and who can have more than two orgasms per week have lower mortality rates.

Nope, it doesn’t connect sex and longevity. It does show that sex is good for the body. Sex is exercise and seniors who can indulge in it regularly are not only healthier, physically, they are also happier..

Who wouldn’t? Anybody who has ran the marathon knows how great it is to make it to the finish line, no matter how long it took.

Sex strategies for the seniors:

The elderly gentleman mentioned previously looks frail. But he can still move briskly and there is a sparkle in his eyes. Could he have the same sparkle in his libido? It is hard to tell.

What is certain is that aging imposes on the body certain limitations which, if exceeded, can do untold and permanent damage to both mind and body.

To avoid such traumatic experiences, doctors suggest the following strategies:

– Eat slow::

The French love to say “a good dinner should not be rushed.”

You are no longer the raging bull that you were. You are now a sloth slowly inching its way up a tree. The purpose is to complete the journey, not to get there first. You have had that many times in your younger days.

Now it is time to enjoy life’s little pleasures, slowly and intimately – sparse they may be.

Take your time; do more foreplay. Communicate and share your exciting feelings with your partner;

– Use your senses:

Gone are the days when sex was lust. Now it is a feast, to be savored by all your senses of touch, smell, hearing, and taste. Play some good music, soft lights, candles, good wine, exciting food to nibble with your partner.

For women, vaginal lubrication may be a part of the routine to avoid irritation or painful intercourse and erectile dysfunction pills for men.

In both cases, prior consultation with a physician is necessary to be on the safe side.

– Exercise patience:

Getting seniors sexually excited and stimulated is like coaxing a deaf-mute to audition in the American Idol.

It takes time, patience and ingenuity. It needs the right atmosphere and mindset for people in their senior years to be ignited into a torch of sexual passion.

But it can be done and it must. There is no pleasure as pleasurable as a good sex.

It is beyond words.

My coffee buddies, except for one or two, are well past the age of 60. We are elderly, but not entirely seniors. People at this age bracket generally talk of three things: business, politics and sex. We can get by without the two, but no day passes without sex taking the huge chunk of our conversation pie.

Why people are so engrossed with sex is probably a matter of genetics. We are wired for it. Thus, it will be with us until that wire is cut.

Tips to Stop Stuttering

Occasionally, everyone fumbles on his or her words a bit. Everyone has experience with being tongue-tied that has left him or her slightly embarrassed. Unfortunately, for some people, there is their every day life. Stuttering and stammering is a big issue for a lot of people that makes it hard for them to communicate properly with people. If you have a speech impediment such as this, then you know how difficult life is.

If you have issues with stuttering, then it makes it difficult to feel confident in a situation where you have to communicate. If you have to do something for work, then you worry about if you are going to lose your job if you trip over your words. Also, you can not go on dates because you worry about your stuttering or stammering becoming present. If you have a speech impediment such as this, you are not alone. There are people all over the world who are facing the same problem as you and they need help as well.

Some tips to stop stuttering include practicing in front of the mirror. If you can practice something before you say it, then you get a feel for how the words roll off of your tongue. This will help you to prepare for any stumbles that you may come across. Another tip to stop stuttering is to not make direct eye contact. Some people get thrown off when they make direct eye contact with someone, so if you can look at the bridge of their nose or at their eyebrow, that will help to put your mind at ease.